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  1. Research

    Randomized supplementation of 4000 IU vitamin D3 daily vs placebo on the prevalence of anemia in advanced heart failure: the EVITA trial

    Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels (< 75 nmol/l) are inversely associated with anemia prevalence. Since anemia and low 25OHD levels are common in patients with heart failure (HF), we aimed to investigate w...

    J. B. Ernst, S. Prokop, U. Fuchs, J. Dreier, J. Kuhn, C. Knabbe, H. K. Berthold, S. Pilz, I. Gouni-Berthold, J. F. Gummert, J. Börgermann and A. Zittermann

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:49

    Published on: 23 August 2017

  2. Study protocol

    The effect of oligofructose-enriched inulin supplementation on gut microbiota, nutritional status and gastrointestinal symptoms in paediatric coeliac disease patients on a gluten-free diet: study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial

    A lifelong gluten-free diet (GFD) is regarded as the only proven and accepted therapy for coeliac disease (CD). However, even patients who strictly follow a GFD often suffer from intestinal symptoms and malabs...

    Urszula Krupa-Kozak, Natalia Drabińska and Elżbieta Jarocka-Cyrta

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:47

    Published on: 22 August 2017

  3. Research

    Correlates of whole-blood polyunsaturated fatty acids among young children with moderate acute malnutrition

    Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has been associated with low polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status. However, investigations regarding PUFA status and correlates in children with moderate acute malnutrition ...

    C. W. Yaméogo, B. Cichon, C. Fabiansen, M. J. H. Rytter, D. Faurholt-Jepsen, K. D. Stark, A. Briend, S. Shepherd, A. S. Traoré, V. B. Christensen, K. F. Michaelsen, H. Friis and L. Lauritzen

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:44

    Published on: 13 July 2017

  4. Research

    Does the ingestion of a 24 hour low glycaemic index Asian mixed meal diet improve glycaemic response and promote fat oxidation? A controlled, randomized cross-over study

    The health benefits of consuming a low glycaemic index (GI) diet to reduce the risk of type 2 Diabetes are well recognized. In recent years the GI values of various foods have been determined. Their efficacy i...

    Stefan Gerardus Camps, Bhupinder Kaur, Rina Yu Chin Quek and Christiani Jeyakumar Henry

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:43

    Published on: 12 July 2017

  5. Research

    Comparison of different feeding regimes after pancreatoduodenectomy - a retrospective cohort analysis

    Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is the most frequent pancreatic specific complication (PSC) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Several gastric decompression systems exist to manage DGE. Patients with a pancrea...

    Théophile Guilbaud, David Jérémie Birnbaum, Sandrine Loubière, Julien Bonnet, Sophie Chopinet, Emilie Grégoire, Stéphane Berdah, Jean Hardwigsen and Vincent Moutardier

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:42

    Published on: 4 July 2017

  6. Research

    Effects of deployment on diet quality and nutritional status markers of elite U.S. Army special operations forces soldiers

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) Soldiers deploy frequently and require high levels of physical and cognitive performance. Nutritional status is linked to cognitive and physical performance. Studies evaluating ...

    Emily K. Farina, Jonathan C. Taylor, Gary E. Means, Nancy E. Murphy, Stefan M. Pasiakos, Harris R. Lieberman and James P. McClung

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:41

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  7. Research

    Diet quality and carotid atherosclerosis in intermediate cardiovascular risk individuals

    Diet quality indices address the diet’s complexity and are calculated by a combination of foods and/or nutrients which together represent a dietary pattern. The current study analysed the relationship between ...

    Jose I. Recio-Rodriguez, Irene A. Garcia-Yu, Rosario Alonso-Dominguez, José A. Maderuelo-Fernandez, Maria C. Patino-Alonso, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Natalia Sanchez-Aguadero, Rafel Ramos, Ruth Marti, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez, Manuel A. Gómez-Marcos and Luis Garcia-Ortiz

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:40

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  8. Research

    Effects of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12® on the lipid/lipoprotein profile and short chain fatty acids in healthy young adults: a randomized controlled trial

    Some probiotics have hypocholesterolemic effects in animal studies, which are mediated, in part, by increases in fecal short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Clinical trials of probiotics on lipids/lipoproteins are ...

    Yujin Lee, Zhaoyong Ba, Robert F. Roberts, Connie J. Rogers, Jennifer A. Fleming, Huicui Meng, Emily J. Furumoto and Penny M. Kris-Etherton

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:39

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  9. Research

    Gender and social mobility modify the effect of birth weight on total and central obesity

    Little is known about the interaction between gender and low birth weight (LBW) and lifelong social mobility as an explanation of the etiology of obesity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate total and...

    Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Tanara Vogel Pinheiro, Luciano Santos Pinto Guimarães, Heloisa Bettiol, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva and Marco Antônio Barbieri

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:38

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  10. Review

    Coffee and caffeine intake and male infertility: a systematic review

    Semen quality, a predictor of male fertility, has been suggested declining worldwide. Among other life style factors, male coffee/caffeine consumption was hypothesized to influence semen parameters, but also s...

    Elena Ricci, Paola Viganò, Sonia Cipriani, Edgardo Somigliana, Francesca Chiaffarino, Alessandro Bulfoni and Fabio Parazzini

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:37

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  11. Research

    Omega-3 supplementation on inflammatory markers in patients with chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy: a randomized clinical study

    Several studies have been focusing on the effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on modulation of inflammatory markers in several cardiopathies. Although immunoregulatory dysfunction has been associated...

    Paula Simplício da Silva, Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Gilberto Marcelo Sperandio da Silva, Patricia Dias de Brito, Claudia Santos de Aguiar Cardoso, Cristiane Fonseca de Almeida, Luiz Henrique Conde Sangenis, Roberta Olmo Pinheiro, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno, Pedro Emmanuel Alvarenga Americano do Brasil and Andrea Silvestre de Sousa

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:36

    Published on: 9 June 2017

  12. Research

    The effect of weight loss on HDL subfractions and LCAT activity in two genotypes of APOA-II -265T>C polymorphism

    People may have different responses to the same environmental changes. It has been reported that genome variations may be responsible for these differences. Also, HDL subfractions may be influenced by differen...

    Masoumeh Moradi, Maryam Mahmoudi, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Roxana Zahirihashemi and Fariba Koohdani

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:34

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  13. Research

    Plasma phospholipid fatty acid profile confirms compliance to a novel saturated fat-reduced, monounsaturated fat-enriched dairy product intervention in adults at moderate cardiovascular risk: a randomized controlled trial

    Dairy products are a major contributor to dietary SFA. Partial replacement of milk SFA with unsaturated fatty acids (FAs) is possible through oleic-acid rich supplementation of the dairy cow diet. To assess ad...

    Oonagh Markey, Dafni Vasilopoulou, Kirsty E. Kliem, Albert Koulman, Colette C. Fagan, Keith Summerhill, Laura Y. Wang, Alistair S. Grandison, David J. Humphries, Susan Todd, Kim G. Jackson, David I. Givens and Julie A. Lovegrove

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:33

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  14. Research

    Red meat and chicken consumption and its association with high blood pressure and obesity in South Korean children and adolescents: a cross-sectional analysis of KSHES, 2011–2015

    The impact of meat consumption on high blood pressure (HBP) and obesity in children and adolescents is a subject of debate. The aim of this study was thus to evaluate the association between meat consumption a...

    Geum Hee Kim, Sang Won Shin, Juneyoung Lee, Jun Hyun Hwang, Soon-Woo Park, Jin Soo Moon, Hyun Jung Kim and Hyeong Sik Ahn

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:31

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  15. Research

    Diet with a combination of high protein and high total antioxidant capacity is strongly associated with low prevalence of frailty among old Japanese women: a multicenter cross-sectional study

    The intake of protein and antioxidants has been inversely associated with frailty, individually. However, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated these associations in considering antioxidants or protein inta...

    Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga and Satoshi Sasaki

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:29

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  16. Research

    Possible benefits of tomato juice consumption: a pilot study on irradiated human lymphocytes from healthy donors

    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate much of the DNA damage caused by ionizing radiation. Among carotenoids, lycopene and β-carotene, present in tomato juice, are known to be strong radical scavengers. The ai...

    Ayumi Nakamura, Chieko Itaki, Ayako Saito, Toko Yonezawa, Koichi Aizawa, Ayumi Hirai, Hiroyuki Suganuma, Tomisato Miura, Yasushi Mariya and Siamak Haghdoost

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:27

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  17. Research

    Dose-response relationship between dietary magnesium intake, serum magnesium concentration and risk of hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

    The findings of prospective cohort studies are inconsistent regarding the association between dietary magnesium intake and serum magnesium concentration and the risk of hypertension. We aimed to review the evi...

    Hedong Han, Xin Fang, Xin Wei, Yuzhou Liu, Zhicao Jin, Qi Chen, Zhongjie Fan, Jan Aaseth, Ayako Hiyoshi, Jia He and Yang Cao

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:26

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  18. Research

    Effects of whole grain rye, with and without resistant starch type 2 supplementation, on glucose tolerance, gut hormones, inflammation and appetite regulation in an 11–14.5 hour perspective; a randomized controlled study in healthy subjects

    The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide and prevention is needed. Whole grain has shown potential to lower the risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. One possible mechanism behi...

    Jonna C. Sandberg, Inger M. E. Björck and Anne C. Nilsson

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:25

    Published on: 21 April 2017

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