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  1. A few studies have examined the relationship between carbohydrate quality index (CQI) and risk of breast cancer (BC) among women in Middle Eastern countries. We studied the associations between carbohydrate qu...

    Authors: Bahareh Sasanfar, Fatemeh Toorang, Elham Mohebbi, Kazem Zendehdel and Leila Azadbakht

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:93

    Content type: Research

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  2. Since the risk of noncommunicable diseases is closely associated with dietary intake, it is important to establish healthy dietary habits in childhood. Although several dietary education programs for children ...

    Authors: Keiko Asakura, Sachie Mori, Satoshi Sasaki and Yuji Nishiwaki

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:92

    Content type: Research

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  3. The dietary spice Curcuma longa, also known as turmeric, has various biological effects. Both a water extract and a supercritical carbon dioxide extract of C. longa showed anti-inflammatory activities in animal s...

    Authors: Ryusei Uchio, Kengo Kawasaki, Chinatsu Okuda-Hanafusa, Ryosuke Saji, Koutarou Muroyama, Shinji Murosaki, Yoshihiro Yamamoto and Yoshitaka Hirose

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:91

    Content type: Research

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  4. Magnesium supplements are widely used for prophylaxis and treatment of nocturnal leg cramps (NLC). However, there is little evidence in support of their effectiveness. The main impediment stems from the lack o...

    Authors: Olha Barna, Pavlo Lohoida, Yurii Holovchenko, Andrii Bazylevych, Valentyna Velychko, Iryna Hovbakh, Larysa Bula and Michael Shechter

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:90

    Content type: Research

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  5. The associations between vitamin D and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection and clinical outcomes are controversial. The efficacy of vitamin D supplementation in COVID-19 is also not clear.

    Authors: Jie Chen, Kaibo Mei, Lixia Xie, Ping Yuan, Jianyong Ma, Peng Yu, Wengen Zhu, Chunhua Zheng and Xiao Liu

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:89

    Content type: Short report

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  6. People with prediabetes can postpone or even reverse progression to type 2 diabetes (T2D) by making dietary changes. This study aimed to examine the association of changes in consumption of total and specific ...

    Authors: Emad Yuzbashian, Golaleh Asghari, Parvin Mirmiran, Catherine B. Chan and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:88

    Content type: Research

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  7. Disease-related malnutrition is associated with adverse outcomes such as increased rates of morbidity and mortality, prolonged hospital stay, and extra costs of health care. This study was conducted to assess ...

    Authors: Somayeh Poudineh, Forough Shayesteh, Jamshid Kermanchi, Ali-Akbar Haghdoost, Parisa Torabi, Yahya Pasdar, Mohsen Azimi-Nezhad, Mohammad Safarian, Majid Hajifaraji, Saeed Eslami-Hasan-Abadi, Omid Pournik, Bahareh Barkhidarian and Abdolreza Norouzy

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:87

    Content type: Research

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  8. Gaussian graphical model (GGM) has been introduced as a new approach to identify patterns of dietary intake. We aimed to investigate the link between dietary networks derived through GGM and obesity in Iranian...

    Authors: Ahmad Jayedi, Nasim Janbozorgi, Kurosh Djafarian, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad and Sakineh Shab-Bidar

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:86

    Content type: Research

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  9. Vitamin K is associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk such as heart failure, possibly by carboxylation of matrix-gla protein (MGP), a potent inhibitor of vascular calcification. The relationship of ...

    Authors: Joline W. J. Beulens, Elisa Dal Canto, Coen D. A. Stehouwer, Roger J. M. W. Rennenberg, Petra J. M. Elders and Adriana Johanne van Ballegooijen

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:85

    Content type: Research

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  10. Health benefits of fruit and vegetable have been well recognized. However, insufficient consumption of fruit and vegetable is prevalent among toddlers, and has become a global public health issue. Maternal fee...

    Authors: Xiyao Liu, Qianling Zhou, Keara Clarke, Katherine M. Younger, Meijing An, Zhouyinuo Li, Yang Tan and John M. Kearney

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:84

    Content type: Research

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  11. A growing number of researches supported that dietary fructose was associated with most of the key features of metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, there was no related epidemiological studies among Chinese pop...

    Authors: Shaojie Pang, Pengkun Song, Xueqian Sun, Wentao Qi, Chun Yang, Ge Song, Yong Wang and Jian Zhang

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:83

    Content type: Research

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  12. To investigate the causal association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), calcium (Ca), and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with diabetes using...

    Authors: Songzan Chen, Fangkun Yang, Tian Xu, Yao Wang, Kaijie Zhang, Guosheng Fu and Wenbin Zhang

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:82

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. Epidemiological evidence concerning dietary fiber on newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is sparse. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between dietary fiber in...

    Authors: Fubi Jin, Jinghong Zhang, Long Shu and Wei Han

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:81

    Content type: Research

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  14. Whether mushroom consumption, which is a rich source of potent antioxidants ergothioneine and glutathione, vitamins, and minerals (e.g., selenium & copper), is associated with a lower mortality risk is not wel...

    Authors: Djibril M. Ba, Xiang Gao, Laila Al-Shaar, Joshua Muscat, Vernon M. Chinchilli, Paddy Ssentongo, Xinyuan Zhang, Guodong Liu, Robert B. Beelman and John P. Richie Jr

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:80

    Content type: Research

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  15. Studies suggest that anxiety is correlated with eating behavior, however, little is known about the association between anxiety status as predictor of dietary macronutrient intake. The aim of the present study...

    Authors: Junko Kose, Léopold K. Fezeu, Mathilde Touvier, Sandrine Péneau, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan and Valentina A. Andreeva

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:78

    Content type: Research

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  16. Diets low in fruit and vegetables and high in salt are among the top dietary risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Using a nationally representative sample of Australians, this study aimed to desc...

    Authors: Emalie Rosewarne, Joseph Alvin Santos, Annet Hoek, Carley Grimes, Caryl Nowson, Jacqui Webster and Kristy A. Bolton

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:77

    Content type: Short report

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  17. Early childhood is a period when dietary behaviours are established. This study aimed to examine the longitudinal intake of core and discretionary foods and identify early life and socio-economic factors influ...

    Authors: Narendar Manohar, Andrew Hayen, Loc Do, Jane Scott, Sameer Bhole and Amit Arora

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:76

    Content type: Research

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  18. To examine the effects of health-related food taxes on substitution and complementary purchases within food groups, including from unhealthier to healthier alternatives and between brands.

    Authors: Jody C. Hoenink, Wilma E. Waterlander, Joreintje D. Mackenbach, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Nick Wilson, Joline W. J. Beulens and Nhung Nghiem

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:75

    Content type: Research

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  19. The effect of the overall diet quality on cardiometabolic diseases has been well studied in the Western population. However, evidence is still in need regarding dietary patterns depicting unique Chinese dietar...

    Authors: Chenxi Qin, Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Meng Gao, Huaidong Du, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Leijia Shen, Songgen Zhou, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen and Liming Li

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:74

    Content type: Research

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  20. In the United States, approximately 11% of households were food insecure prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study aims to describe the prevalence of food insecurity among adults and households with ch...

    Authors: Niyati Parekh, Shahmir H. Ali, Joyce O’Connor, Yesim Tozan, Abbey M. Jones, Ariadna Capasso, Joshua Foreman and Ralph J. DiClemente

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:73

    Content type: Research

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  21. Multiple observational studies have reported an inverse relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations (25(OH)D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the results of short- and long-term interventional ...

    Authors: Cynthia A. Bejar, Shiwali Goyal, Shoaib Afzal, Massimo Mangino, Ang Zhou, Peter J. van der Most, Yanchun Bao, Vipin Gupta, Melissa C. Smart, Gagandeep K. Walia, Niek Verweij, Christine Power, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Jai Rup Singh, Narinder K. Mehra, Gurpreet S. Wander…

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:71

    Content type: Research

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  22. Intake of snack foods has been previously associated with an elevated risk of chronic disease; however, studies on snack foods and metabolic syndrome (MetS) while considering the modifying effect of socioecono...

    Authors: Parvin Mirmiran, Maryam Aghayan, Bahar Bakhshi, Somayeh Hosseinpour-Niazi and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:70

    Content type: Research

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  23. As pancreatic cancer (PC) is a malignancy with poor prognosis, finding strategies for its prevention became a notable priority. Among all the factors influencing the risk of PC, dietary items especially fats a...

    Authors: Neda Ghamarzad Shishavan, Sahar Masoudi, Ashraf Mohamadkhani, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Maryam Sharafkhah, Hossein Poustchi, Mehdi Mohamadnejad, Azita Hekmatdoost and Akram Pourshams

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:69

    Content type: Research

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  24. The collection of weighed food records (WFR) is a gold standard for dietary assessment. We propose using the 24-h recall method combined with a portable camera and a food atlas (24hR-camera). This combination ...

    Authors: Yumi Matsushita, Tosei Takahashi, Kumiko Asahi, Emiko Harashima, Hiroko Takahashi, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yoshiko Tsumuraya, Nobuko Sarukura, Masashi Furuta, Heizo Tanaka and Tetsuji Yokoyama

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:68

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Inconsistent associations between egg consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk have been observed in previous studies. This study aims to longitudinally investigate the association between egg consump...

    Authors: Naiwen Ji, Zhe Huang, Xinyuan Zhang, Yuanyuan Sun, Shumao Ye, Shuohua Chen, Katherine L. Tucker, Shouling Wu and Xiang Gao

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:67

    Content type: Research

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  26. Anemia in pregnancy is behind a significant burden of maternal mortality and poor birth outcomes globally. Efforts to address it need evidence on trends and its pertinent factors as they vary from one area to ...

    Authors: Bruno F. Sunguya, Yue Ge, Linda Mlunde, Rose Mpembeni, Germana Leyna and Jiayan Huang

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:65

    Content type: Research

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  27. Non-alcoholic energy drinks (‘energy drinks’) are high in sugar, as well as caffeine, leading to concerns regarding their suitability for children and adolescents. Despite this, marketing of energy drinks is o...

    Authors: Tegan Nuss, Belinda Morley, Maree Scully and Melanie Wakefield

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:64

    Content type: Research

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  28. Several factors predispose individuals with epilepsy to chronic diseases. Among them, nutrition and lifestyle factors have not been sufficiently studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate patien...

    Authors: Kamila Szałwińska, Monika Cyuńczyk, Jan Kochanowicz and Anna M. Witkowska

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:62

    Content type: Research

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  29. Previous studies have suggested that the consumption of probiotic fermented dairy products (PFDP) may have a protective effect on respiratory tract infections (RTIs). However, the results of studies are inconc...

    Authors: Kamil Rashidi, Bahman Razi, Mina Darand, Azadeh Dehghani, Parisa Janmohammadi and Shahab Alizadeh

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:61

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Pathophysiology of IBS is not well recognized; however, several studies have shown the possible relationship between diet and risk of IBS. We assessed the ability of the dietary inflammatory index (DII) to pre...

    Authors: Elham Eslampour, Koroush Ghanadi, Vahideh Aghamohammadi, Alireza Moayed Kazemi, Rasool Mohammadi, Farhad Vahid and Amir Abbasnezhad

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:60

    Content type: Research

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  31. Hypertension is a common chronic disease with various complications and is a main contributing factor to cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to assess the association of diet quality, assessed by di...

    Authors: Amir Motamedi, Maryam Ekramzadeh, Ehsan Bahramali, Mojtaba Farjam and Reza Homayounfar

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:57

    Content type: Research

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  32. Unhealthy food environments may contribute to unhealthy diets and risk of overweight and obesity through increased consumption of fast-food. Therefore, we aimed to study the association of relative exposure to...

    Authors: Marjolein C. Harbers, Joline W.J. Beulens, Jolanda MA Boer, Derek Karssenberg, Joreintje D. Mackenbach, Femke Rutters, Ilonca Vaartjes, WM Monique Verschuren and Yvonne T. van der Schouw

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:56

    Content type: Research

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  33. This study examined incidence rates, temporal trends, and demographic factors associated with vitamin deficiencies/disorders in all United States military personnel from 1997 to 2015 (mean N = 1,382,266/year).

    Authors: Joseph J. Knapik, Emily K. Farina, Victor L. Fulgoni III and Harris R. Lieberman

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Although tubers play a significant role in Brazilian agriculture, very little is known about the intake of tubers among the Brazilian population. The objective of this study was to characterize the intake of t...

    Authors: Justyna Horodyska, Sandrine Pigat, Jasmin Wonik, Foteini Bompola, David Cai, Colin D. Rehm and Tanhia D. Gonzalez

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:54

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Traumatic brain injury is a public health concern and is the main cause of death among various types of trauma. The inflammatory conditions due to TBI are associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes. Taurine...

    Authors: Mahsa Vahdat, Seyed Ahmad Hosseini, Farhad Soltani, Bahman Cheraghian and Masih Namjoonia

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:53

    Content type: Research

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  36. Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have inadequate levels of fatty acids (FAs) and limited capacity for enteral nutritional rehabilitation. We hypothesized that topical high-linoleate sunflower seed...

    Authors: K. M. Shahunja, Daniel C. Sévin, Lindsay Kendall, Tahmeed Ahmed, Md. Iqbal Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Xinyi Zhu, Krishan Singh, Sunita Singh, Jonathan M. Crowther, Rachel A. Gibson and Gary L. Darmstadt

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:51

    Content type: Research

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  37. Arterial stiffness is an independent cardiovascular risk factor. However, the association between sodium/potassium intake and vascular stiffness was inconsistent. Therefore, a large community-based cross-secti...

    Authors: Shuang Peng, Jiangang Wang, Yuanming Xiao, Lu Yin, Yaguang Peng, Lin Yang, Pingting Yang, Yaqin Wang, Xia Cao, Xiaohui Li and Ying Li

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:50

    Content type: Research

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  38. It is suggested that vitamin D may have a beneficial role in male reproduction. The male reproductive system is a target tissue for vitamin D. This study will aim to evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplemen...

    Authors: Leila Maghsoumi-Norouzabad, Ahmad Zare Javid, Anahita Mansoori, Mohammadreza Dadfar and Amirarsalan Serajian

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:49

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  39. Limited and inconsistent data are available regarding the relationship between the dietary inflammatory potential (DIP) and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

    Authors: Sanaz Soltani, Azadeh Aminianfar, Hossein Hajianfar, Leila Azadbakht, Zahra Shahshahan and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:48

    Content type: Research

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  40. Alterations in the gut microbiome (dysbiosis) has been associated with increased microbial translocation, leading to chronic inflammation in coronary artery disease (CAD). It has been proposed that modulation ...

    Authors: Jalal Moludi, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Shaimaa A. Qaisar, Pourya Gholizadeh, Mohammad Alizadeh and Hamed Jafari Vayghyan

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Could nutritional status serve as prognostic factors for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)? The present study evaluated the clinical and nutritional characteristics of COVID-19 patients and explored the rela...

    Authors: Feier Song, Huan Ma, Shouhong Wang, Tiehe Qin, Qing Xu, Huiqing Yuan, Fei Li, Zhonghua Wang, Youwan Liao, Xiaoping Tan, Xiuchan Song, Qing Zhang and Daozheng Huang

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:46

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in December 2019, many countries around the world have imposed lockdown measures in order to reduce virus spread. Social isolation is known to have a significant psycho...

    Authors: Julius Steffen, Jenny Schlichtiger, Bruno C. Huber and Stefan Brunner

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:44

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

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