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  1. Multiple observational studies have reported an inverse relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations (25(OH)D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the results of short- and long-term interventional ...

    Authors: Cynthia A. Bejar, Shiwali Goyal, Shoaib Afzal, Massimo Mangino, Ang Zhou, Peter J. van der Most, Yanchun Bao, Vipin Gupta, Melissa C. Smart, Gagandeep K. Walia, Niek Verweij, Christine Power, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Jai Rup Singh, Narinder K. Mehra, Gurpreet S. Wander…

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:71

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Intake of snack foods has been previously associated with an elevated risk of chronic disease; however, studies on snack foods and metabolic syndrome (MetS) while considering the modifying effect of socioecono...

    Authors: Parvin Mirmiran, Maryam Aghayan, Bahar Bakhshi, Somayeh Hosseinpour-Niazi and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:70

    Content type: Research

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  3. As pancreatic cancer (PC) is a malignancy with poor prognosis, finding strategies for its prevention became a notable priority. Among all the factors influencing the risk of PC, dietary items especially fats a...

    Authors: Neda Ghamarzad Shishavan, Sahar Masoudi, Ashraf Mohamadkhani, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Maryam Sharafkhah, Hossein Poustchi, Mehdi Mohamadnejad, Azita Hekmatdoost and Akram Pourshams

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:69

    Content type: Research

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  4. The collection of weighed food records (WFR) is a gold standard for dietary assessment. We propose using the 24-h recall method combined with a portable camera and a food atlas (24hR-camera). This combination ...

    Authors: Yumi Matsushita, Tosei Takahashi, Kumiko Asahi, Emiko Harashima, Hiroko Takahashi, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yoshiko Tsumuraya, Nobuko Sarukura, Masashi Furuta, Heizo Tanaka and Tetsuji Yokoyama

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:68

    Content type: Research

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  5. Inconsistent associations between egg consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk have been observed in previous studies. This study aims to longitudinally investigate the association between egg consump...

    Authors: Naiwen Ji, Zhe Huang, Xinyuan Zhang, Yuanyuan Sun, Shumao Ye, Shuohua Chen, Katherine L. Tucker, Shouling Wu and Xiang Gao

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:67

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. Anemia in pregnancy is behind a significant burden of maternal mortality and poor birth outcomes globally. Efforts to address it need evidence on trends and its pertinent factors as they vary from one area to ...

    Authors: Bruno F. Sunguya, Yue Ge, Linda Mlunde, Rose Mpembeni, Germana Leyna and Jiayan Huang

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:65

    Content type: Research

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  7. Non-alcoholic energy drinks (‘energy drinks’) are high in sugar, as well as caffeine, leading to concerns regarding their suitability for children and adolescents. Despite this, marketing of energy drinks is o...

    Authors: Tegan Nuss, Belinda Morley, Maree Scully and Melanie Wakefield

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:64

    Content type: Research

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  8. Several factors predispose individuals with epilepsy to chronic diseases. Among them, nutrition and lifestyle factors have not been sufficiently studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate patien...

    Authors: Kamila Szałwińska, Monika Cyuńczyk, Jan Kochanowicz and Anna M. Witkowska

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:62

    Content type: Research

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  9. Previous studies have suggested that the consumption of probiotic fermented dairy products (PFDP) may have a protective effect on respiratory tract infections (RTIs). However, the results of studies are inconc...

    Authors: Kamil Rashidi, Bahman Razi, Mina Darand, Azadeh Dehghani, Parisa Janmohammadi and Shahab Alizadeh

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:61

    Content type: Research

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  10. Pathophysiology of IBS is not well recognized; however, several studies have shown the possible relationship between diet and risk of IBS. We assessed the ability of the dietary inflammatory index (DII) to pre...

    Authors: Elham Eslampour, Koroush Ghanadi, Vahideh Aghamohammadi, Alireza Moayed Kazemi, Rasool Mohammadi, Farhad Vahid and Amir Abbasnezhad

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:60

    Content type: Research

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  11. Hypertension is a common chronic disease with various complications and is a main contributing factor to cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to assess the association of diet quality, assessed by di...

    Authors: Amir Motamedi, Maryam Ekramzadeh, Ehsan Bahramali, Mojtaba Farjam and Reza Homayounfar

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:57

    Content type: Research

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  12. Unhealthy food environments may contribute to unhealthy diets and risk of overweight and obesity through increased consumption of fast-food. Therefore, we aimed to study the association of relative exposure to...

    Authors: Marjolein C. Harbers, Joline W.J. Beulens, Jolanda MA Boer, Derek Karssenberg, Joreintje D. Mackenbach, Femke Rutters, Ilonca Vaartjes, WM Monique Verschuren and Yvonne T. van der Schouw

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:56

    Content type: Research

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  13. This study examined incidence rates, temporal trends, and demographic factors associated with vitamin deficiencies/disorders in all United States military personnel from 1997 to 2015 (mean N = 1,382,266/year).

    Authors: Joseph J. Knapik, Emily K. Farina, Victor L. Fulgoni III and Harris R. Lieberman

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:55

    Content type: Research

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  14. Although tubers play a significant role in Brazilian agriculture, very little is known about the intake of tubers among the Brazilian population. The objective of this study was to characterize the intake of t...

    Authors: Justyna Horodyska, Sandrine Pigat, Jasmin Wonik, Foteini Bompola, David Cai, Colin D. Rehm and Tanhia D. Gonzalez

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:54

    Content type: Research

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  15. Traumatic brain injury is a public health concern and is the main cause of death among various types of trauma. The inflammatory conditions due to TBI are associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes. Taurine...

    Authors: Mahsa Vahdat, Seyed Ahmad Hosseini, Farhad Soltani, Bahman Cheraghian and Masih Namjoonia

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:53

    Content type: Research

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  16. Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have inadequate levels of fatty acids (FAs) and limited capacity for enteral nutritional rehabilitation. We hypothesized that topical high-linoleate sunflower seed...

    Authors: K. M. Shahunja, Daniel C. Sévin, Lindsay Kendall, Tahmeed Ahmed, Md. Iqbal Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Xinyi Zhu, Krishan Singh, Sunita Singh, Jonathan M. Crowther, Rachel A. Gibson and Gary L. Darmstadt

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:51

    Content type: Research

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  17. Arterial stiffness is an independent cardiovascular risk factor. However, the association between sodium/potassium intake and vascular stiffness was inconsistent. Therefore, a large community-based cross-secti...

    Authors: Shuang Peng, Jiangang Wang, Yuanming Xiao, Lu Yin, Yaguang Peng, Lin Yang, Pingting Yang, Yaqin Wang, Xia Cao, Xiaohui Li and Ying Li

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:50

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. It is suggested that vitamin D may have a beneficial role in male reproduction. The male reproductive system is a target tissue for vitamin D. This study will aim to evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplemen...

    Authors: Leila Maghsoumi-Norouzabad, Ahmad Zare Javid, Anahita Mansoori, Mohammadreza Dadfar and Amirarsalan Serajian

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:49

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  19. Limited and inconsistent data are available regarding the relationship between the dietary inflammatory potential (DIP) and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

    Authors: Sanaz Soltani, Azadeh Aminianfar, Hossein Hajianfar, Leila Azadbakht, Zahra Shahshahan and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:48

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Alterations in the gut microbiome (dysbiosis) has been associated with increased microbial translocation, leading to chronic inflammation in coronary artery disease (CAD). It has been proposed that modulation ...

    Authors: Jalal Moludi, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Shaimaa A. Qaisar, Pourya Gholizadeh, Mohammad Alizadeh and Hamed Jafari Vayghyan

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:47

    Content type: Research

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  21. Could nutritional status serve as prognostic factors for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)? The present study evaluated the clinical and nutritional characteristics of COVID-19 patients and explored the rela...

    Authors: Feier Song, Huan Ma, Shouhong Wang, Tiehe Qin, Qing Xu, Huiqing Yuan, Fei Li, Zhonghua Wang, Youwan Liao, Xiaoping Tan, Xiuchan Song, Qing Zhang and Daozheng Huang

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:46

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in December 2019, many countries around the world have imposed lockdown measures in order to reduce virus spread. Social isolation is known to have a significant psycho...

    Authors: Julius Steffen, Jenny Schlichtiger, Bruno C. Huber and Stefan Brunner

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:44

    Content type: Short report

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  23. Although the associations of antioxidant micronutrients, such as carotenoids and vitamins, with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have been studied extensively, blood concentrations of antioxidant micronutrients ...

    Authors: Ying Huang, Hong Chen, Yuhao Su, Hualong Liu, Jinzhu Hu and Kui Hong

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:43

    Content type: Research

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  24. All self-reported dietary intake data are characterized by measurement error, and validation studies indicate that the estimation of energy intake (EI) is particularly affected.

    Authors: Geraldine Lo Siou, Alianu K. Akawung, Nathan M. Solbak, Kathryn L. McDonald, Ala Al Rajabi, Heather K. Whelan and Sharon I. Kirkpatrick

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Consumption of home-prepared meals may lead to better nutritional intake. Few studies have examined the association between the frequency of consuming meals prepared away from home and the inadequacy of nutrit...

    Authors: Mai Matsumoto, Aki Saito, Chika Okada, Emiko Okada, Ryoko Tajima and Hidemi Takimoto

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:40

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. We aimed to assess the associations between insulinemic potential of diet and lifestyle and the risk of diabetes incident, using four empirical indices including the empirical dietary index for hyperinsulinemi...

    Authors: Hossein Farhadnejad, Ebrahim Mokhtari, Farshad Teymoori, Mohammad Hassan Sohouli, Nazanin Moslehi, Parvin Mirmiran and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Whether mushroom consumption, which is rich in several bioactive compounds, including the crucial antioxidants ergothioneine and glutathione, is inversely associated with low all-cause and cause-specific morta...

    Authors: Djibril M. Ba, Xiang Gao, Joshua Muscat, Laila Al-Shaar, Vernon Chinchilli, Xinyuan Zhang, Paddy Ssentongo, Robert B. Beelman and John P. Richie Jr.

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Dietary pattern analysis is a promising approach to understanding the complex relationship between diet and health. While many statistical methods exist, the literature predominantly focuses on classical metho...

    Authors: Junkang Zhao, Zhiyao Li, Qian Gao, Haifeng Zhao, Shuting Chen, Lun Huang, Wenjie Wang and Tong Wang

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:37

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  29. Several researches have been conducted on the associations between diet and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and major cardiovascular risk factors. However, there is no report about the interaction between majo...

    Authors: Hossein Shahinfar, Mahtab Ghanbari, Yahya Jalilpiran, Nastaran Payande, Mahshid Shahavandi, Nadia Babaei, Kurosh Djafarian, Cain C. C. Clark and Sakineh Shab-Bidar

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is much more frequent and more severe, including cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with type 2 diabetes. Coffee is a complex beverage with hundreds of compo...

    Authors: Asieh Mansour, Mohammad Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani, Majid Samadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Shahin Merat, Hossein Adibi, Hossein Poustchi and Azita Hekmatdoost

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:35

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. There is a dearth of evidence on what should be the optimal criteria for discharging children from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) treatment. Programs discharging children while they are still presenting varyi...

    Authors: Benjamin Guesdon, Manisha Katwal, Amod Kumar Poudyal, Tusli Ram Bhandari, Emilie Counil and Sujay Nepali

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. No study is available that explores the association of dietary phytochemical index (DPI) with glioma. The objective of the current study was to assess this association in Iranian adults.

    Authors: Somaye Rigi, Mehdi Shayanfar, Seyed Mohammad Mousavi, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Giuve Sharifi and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. A low serum vitamin D concentration has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, whether lean or obese individuals show a similar association...

    Authors: Qinqiu Wang, Xiaoying Shi, Jinghua Wang, Juanwen Zhang and Chengfu Xu

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. We read the review by Arabi et al. with great interest which tried to examine the effects of vitamin D supplementation on hemoglobin concentration. It seems that the article suffers from fundamental methodolog...

    Authors: Alireza Zimorovat, Mohsen Mohammadi-Sartang, Reza Barati-Boldaji and Hamidreza Raeisi-Dehkordi

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:22

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Nutrition Journal 2020 19:11

    The Letter to this article has been published in Nutrition Journal 2021 20:34

  35. Price promotions on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are commonly used by retailers to provide economic incentives for purchasing. Surprisingly, there is a lack of high-quality articles that examine the freque...

    Authors: Yichen Zhong, Amy H. Auchincloss, Mark F. Stehr and Brent A. Langellier

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. As result of bariatric surgery, patients are susceptible to protein deficiency which can result in undesirable lean body mass (LBM) loss. Consumption of high-protein diets or supplements could counteract this,...

    Authors: Marleen M. Romeijn, Daniëlle D. B. Holthuijsen, Aniek M. Kolen, Loes Janssen, Goof Schep, François M. H. van Dielen and Wouter K. G. Leclercq

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:27

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  37. The literature showed that Grape Products Containing Polyphenols (GPCP) had anti-oxidant activity. However, the effects of GPCP on different biomarkers of oxidative stress are still controversial. In this rega...

    Authors: Sahar Sarkhosh-Khorasani, Zohreh Sadat Sangsefidi and Mahdieh Hosseinzadeh

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2021 20:25

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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