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  1. Data regarding the impact of cigarette smoking on trace elements are scarce and inconsistent. In this study, we evaluated the effect of smoking on serum concentrations of trace elements among adult males with ...

    Authors: Sam K Bashar and Amal K Mitra
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:18
  2. Reports of the use of psyllium, largely in hypercholesterolemic men, have suggested that it lowers serum cholesterol as a result of the binding of bile acids in the intestinal lumen. Widespread advertisements ...

    Authors: Guido MA Van Rosendaal, Eldon A Shaffer, Alun L Edwards and Rollin Brant
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:17
  3. Poor diet is thought to be a risk factor for many diseases, including age-related macular disease (ARMD), which is the leading cause of blind registration in those aged over 60 years in the developed world. Th...

    Authors: Hannah Bartlett and Frank Eperjesi
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:16
  4. Epidemiological studies have reported associations between reduced cardiovascular disease and diets rich in tomato and/or lycopene. Intervention studies have shown that lycopene-containing foods may reduce cho...

    Authors: JK Collins, BH Arjmandi, PL Claypool, P Perkins-Veazie, RA Baker and BA Clevidence
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:15
  5. We studied food consumption and nutrient intake in subjects with depressed mood, anxiety and insomnia as indices of compromised mental wellbeing.

    Authors: Reeta Hakkarainen, Timo Partonen, Jari Haukka, Jarmo Virtamo, Demetrius Albanes and Jouko Lönnqvist
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:14
  6. Many patients do not eat and drink sufficiently during hospitalisation. The clinical consequences of this under nutrition include lassitude, an increased risk of complications and prolonged convalescence. The ...

    Authors: Karin O Lassen, Filip Kruse, Merete Bjerrum, Lillian Jensen and Kjeld Hermansen
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:12
  7. We have demonstrated that moderate alcohol consumption (15 g/d, 30 g/d) for 8 weeks resulted in significantly increased levels of serum estrone sulfate and DHEAS in 51 postmenopausal women in a randomized, pla...

    Authors: Somdat Mahabir, David J Baer, Laura L Johnson, Joanne F Dorgan, William Campbell, Ellen Brown, Terryl J Hartman, Beverly Clevidence, Demetrius Albanes, Joseph T Judd and Philip R Taylor
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:11
  8. It has been shown that several extracts and compounds derived from garlic are able to inhibit Cu2+-induced low density lipoprotein oxidation. In this work we explored if the ability of aqueous garlic extract to p...

    Authors: José Pedraza-Chaverrí, Mariana Gil-Ortiz, Gabriela Albarrán, Laura Barbachano-Esparza, Marta Menjívar and Omar N Medina-Campos
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:10
  9. For adults, vitamin D intake of 100 mcg (4000 IU)/day is physiologic and safe. The adequate intake (AI) for older adults is 15 mcg (600 IU)/day, but there has been no report focusing on use of this dose.

    Authors: Reinhold Vieth, Samantha Kimball, Amanda Hu and Paul G Walfish
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:8
  10. Coffee oil potently raises serum cholesterol levels in humans. The diterpenes cafestol and kahweol are responsible for this elevation. Coffee oil also causes elevation of liver enzyme levels in serum. It has b...

    Authors: Mark V Boekschoten, Evert G Schouten and Martijn B Katan
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:7
  11. Evidence suggests that a diet high in fruits and vegetables may decrease the risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, and phytochemicals including phenolics, flavonoids and caroteno...

    Authors: Jeanelle Boyer and Rui Hai Liu
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:5
  12. Homocysteine has emerged as a novel independent marker of risk for the development of cardiovascular disease over the past three decades. Additionally, there is a graded mortality risk associated with an eleva...

    Authors: Melvin R Hayden and Suresh C Tyagi
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:4
  13. Co-supplementation of ferrous salts with vitamin C exacerbates oxidative stress in the gastrointestinal tract leading to ulceration in healthy individuals, exacerbation of chronic gastrointestinal inflammatory...

    Authors: Anna EO Fisher and Declan P Naughton
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:2
  14. Although the consumption of wine in particular has been associated with a lower risk of atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease, systematic reviews differ as to the relative protective effect of beer, wine and...

    Authors: Joan Carles Escolá-Gil, Laura Calpe-Berdiel, Vicent Ribas and Francisco Blanco-Vaca
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:1
  15. Deficiencies of vitamin A and its precursors, the carotenoids are common problems in developing countries. Plasma levels of these components are used as biomarkers of their availability. The study was conducte...

    Authors: Florian J Schweigert, Jeannine Klingner, Andrea Hurtienne and Hans J Zunft
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:17
  16. To evaluate the intermediate-term health outcomes associated with a soy-based meal replacement, and to compare the weight loss efficacy of two distinct patterns of caloric restriction.

    Authors: Kevin R Fontaine, Dongyan Yang, Gary L Gadbury, Stanley Heshka, Linda G Schwartz, Radha Murugesan, Jennifer L Kraker, Moonseong Heo, Steven B Heymsfield and David B Allison
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:14
  17. Addition of glutamine to enteral nutrition formulas is consistently associated with a significant decrease in septic morbidity in critically ill patients, possibly related to the attenuation of gut dysfunction...

    Authors: Jean-Charles Preiser, Daliana Peres-Bota, Pierre Eisendrath, Jean-Louis Vincent and André Van Gossum
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:13
  18. Age-related macular disease is the leading cause of blind registration in the developed world. One aetiological hypothesis involves oxidation, and the intrinsic vulnerability of the retina to damage via this p...

    Authors: Hannah Bartlett and Frank Eperjesi
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:12
  19. Use of synbiotic preparations as dietary supplement is believed to be a valid approach to restore and maintain colonic microflora. However, only few papers have been published on the assessment of these food s...

    Authors: Lorenzo Morelli, Daniela Zonenschain, Maria Luisa Callegari, Enzo Grossi, Federico Maisano and Michele Fusillo
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:11
  20. Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Vitamin C and vitamin E are known to react with reactive oxygen species (ROS) blocking the propagation of r...

    Authors: Claudia PMS Oliveira, Luiz Carlos da Costa Gayotto, Caroline Tatai, Bianca Ishimoto Della Nina, Emerson S Lima, Dulcinéia SP Abdalla, Fabio P Lopasso, Francisco RM Laurindo and Flair José Carrilho
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:9
  21. Few data have been published on the association of variables of the insulin resistance syndrome and serum total homocysteine (tHcy), a putative risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity, in representative sampl...

    Authors: Richard Gillum
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:6
  22. Previously we have reported that patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) obtained a significant reduction in disease activity by adopting a Mediterranean-type diet. The present study was carried out to investi...

    Authors: Linda Hagfors, Per Leanderson, Lars Sköldstam, Jan Andersson and Gunnar Johansson
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:5
  23. Dietary assessment tools are often too long, difficult to quantify, expensive to process, and largely used for research purposes. A rapid and accurate assessment of dietary fat intake is critically important i...

    Authors: Allen J Taylor, Henry Wong, Karen Wish, Jon Carrow, Debulon Bell, Jody Bindeman, Tammy Watkins, Trudy Lehmann, Saroj Bhattarai and Patrick G O'Malley
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:4
  24. The relation between diet and human health has long been investigated. The aim of this work is to evaluate the association between CHD risk and the consumption of fruit and vegetable, in a large sample of card...

    Authors: Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christos Pitsavos, Peter Kokkinos, Christina Chrysohoou, Manolis Vavuranakis, Christodoulos Stefanadis and Pavlos Toutouzas
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:2
  25. In this work we investigated the effect of the consumption of the Mediterranean diet on coronary risk, in subjects with the metabolic syndrome.

    Authors: Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christine Chrysohoou, Ioanna Papaioannou, Lambros Papadimitriou, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis and Pavlos Toutouzas
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:1
  26. Garlic and its preparations have been widely recognized as agents for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and other metabolic diseases, atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia, thrombosis, hypertension and diab...

    Authors: Sanjay K Banerjee and Subir K Maulik
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2002 1:4
  27. In the Malmö Diet and Cancer study, information on dietary habits was obtained through a modified diet history method, combining a 7-day menu book for cooked meals and a diet questionnaire for foods with low d...

    Authors: Elisabet Wirfält, Irene Mattisson, Ulla Johansson, Bo Gullberg, Peter Wallström and Göran Berglund
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2002 1:3
  28. Alpha-Tocopherol and gamma-tocopherol are the two major forms of vitamin E in human plasma and the primary lipid soluble antioxidants. The dietary intake of gamma-tocopherol is generally higher than that of al...

    Authors: Rong Gao, William L Stone, Thomas Huang, Andreas M Papas and Min Qui
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2002 1:2

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