(USDA) USDoA: Profiling Food Consumption in America. 2002, Washington, DC: Book AF
Rook GA: 99th Dahlem conference on infection, inflammation and chronic inflammatory disorders: darwinian medicine and the ‘hygiene’ or ‘old friends’ hypothesis. Clin Exp Immunol. 2010, 160: 70-79.
Cunningham-Rundles S, McNeeley DF, Moon A: Mechanisms of nutrient modulation of the immune response. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005, 115 (6): 1119-1128. quiz 1129
Erickson KL, Medina EA, Hubbard NE: Micronutrients and innate immunity. J Infect Dis. 2000, 182 (Suppl 1): S5-S10.
Miller J, Gallo RL: Vitamin D and innate immunity. Dermatol Ther. 2010, 23: 13-22.
Cassat JE, Skaar EP: Iron in infection and immunity. Cell Host Microbe. 2013, 13: 509-519.
Milner JJ, Beck MA: The impact of obesity on the immune response to infection. Proc Nutr Soc. 2012, 71: 298-306.
Pascual G, Glass CK: Nuclear receptors versus inflammation: mechanisms of transrepression. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2006, 17: 321-327.
Buttner A, Thieme D: Side effects of anabolic androgenic steroids: pathological findings and structure-activity relationships. Handb Exp Pharmacol. 2010, 195: 459-484.
Harrison LM, Kastin AJ, Zadina JE: Opiate tolerance and dependence: receptors, G-proteins, and antiopiates. Peptides. 1998, 19: 1603-1630.
Nieman DC, Henson DA, Nehlsen-Cannarella SL, Ekkens M, Utter AC, Butterworth DE, Fagoaga OR: Influence of obesity on immune function. J Am Diet Assoc. 1999, 99: 294-299.
Ghanim H, Aljada A, Hofmeyer D, Syed T, Mohanty P, Dandona P: Circulating mononuclear cells in the obese are in a proinflammatory state. Circulation. 2004, 110: 1564-1571.
Falagas ME, Kompoti M: Obesity and infection. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006, 6: 438-446.
Vilar-Compte D, Mohar A, Sandoval S, de la Rosa M, Gordillo P, Volkow P: Surgical site infections at the National Cancer Institute in Mexico: a case–control study. Am J Infect Control. 2000, 28: 14-20.
Dossett LA, Dageforde LA, Swenson BR, Metzger R, Bonatti H, Sawyer RG, May AK: Obesity and site-specific nosocomial infection risk in the intensive care unit. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2009, 10: 137-142.
Ylostalo P, Suominen-Taipale L, Reunanen A, Knuuttila M: Association between body weight and periodontal infection. J Clin Periodontol. 2008, 35: 297-304.
Jedrychowski W, Maugeri U, Flak E, Mroz E, Bianchi I: Predisposition to acute respiratory infections among overweight preadolescent children: an epidemiologic study in Poland. Public Health. 1998, 112: 189-195.
Eliakim A, Schwindt C, Zaldivar F, Casali P, Cooper DM: Reduced tetanus antibody titers in overweight children. Autoimmunity. 2006, 39: 137-141.
Frederich RC, Hamann A, Anderson S, Lollmann B, Lowell BB, Flier JS: Leptin levels reflect body lipid content in mice: evidence for diet-induced resistance to leptin action. Nat Med. 1995, 1: 1311-1314.
Carbone F, La Rocca C, Matarese G: Immunological functions of leptin and adiponectin. Biochimie. 2012, 94: 2082-2088.
Finucane FM, Luan J, Wareham NJ, Sharp SJ, O'Rahilly S, Balkau B, Flyvbjerb A, Walker M, Hojlund K, Nolan JJ, Savage DB: Correlation of the leptin:adiponectin ratio with measures of insulin resistance in non-diabetic individuals. Diabetologia. 2009, 52: 2345-2349.
Marcos A, Nova E, Montero A: Changes in the immune system are conditioned by nutrition. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003, 57 (Suppl 1): S66-S69.
Marcos A: The immune system in eating disorders: an overview. Nutrition. 1997, 13: 853-862.
Sanchez A, Reeser JL, Lau HS, Yahiku PY, Willard RE, McMillan PJ, Cho SY, Magie AR, Register UD: Role of sugars in human neutrophilic phagocytosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1973, 26: 1180-1184.
Sorensen LB, Raben A, Stender S, Astrup A: Effect of sucrose on inflammatory markers in overweight humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005, 82: 421-427.
Suter PM: Carbohydrates and dietary fiber. Handb Exp Pharmacol. 2005, 170: 231-261.
Estruch R, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Corella D, Basora-Gallisa J, Ruiz-Gutierrez V, Covas MI, Fiol M, Gomez-Gracia E, Lopez-Sabater MC, Escaoda R, Pena MA, Diez-Espino J, Lahoz C, Lapetra J, Saez G, Ros E: Effects of dietary fibre intake on risk factors for cardiovascular disease in subjects at high risk. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009, 63: 582-588.
Herder C, Peltonen M, Koenig W, Sutfels K, Lindstrom J, Martin S, Ilanne-Parikka P, Eriksson JG, Aunola S, Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi S, Valle TT, Uusitupa M, Kolb H, Toumilehto J: Anti-inflammatory effect of lifestyle changes in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study. Diabetologia. 2009, 52: 433-442.
Ajani UA, Ford ES, Mokdad AH: Dietary fiber and C-reactive protein: findings from national health and nutrition examination survey data. J Nutr. 2004, 134: 1181-1185.
Qi L, van Dam RM, Liu S, Franz M, Mantzoros C, Hu FB: Whole-grain, bran, and cereal fiber intakes and markers of systemic inflammation in diabetic women. Diabetes Care. 2006, 29: 207-211.
Ma Y, Griffith JA, Chasan-Taber L, Olendzki BC, Jackson E, S tanek EJ, 3rd Li W, Pagoto SL, Hafner AR, Ockene IS: Association between dietary fiber and serum C-reactive protein. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006, 83: 760-766.
Kuo SM: The interplay between fiber and the intestinal microbiome in the inflammatory response. Adv Nutr. 2013, 4: 16-28.
Trompette A, Gollwitzer ES, Yadava K, Sichelstiel AK, Sprenger N, Ngom-Bru C, Blanchard C, Junt T, Nicod LP, Harris NL, Marsland BJ: Gut microbiota metabolism of dietary fiber influences allergic airway disease and hematopoiesis. Nat Med. 2014, 20: 159-166.
Qin X: Etiology of inflammatory bowel disease: a unified hypothesis. World J Gastroenterol. 2012, 18: 1708-1722.
Qin XF: Impaired inactivation of digestive proteases by deconjugated bilirubin: the possible mechanism for inflammatory bowel disease. Med Hypotheses. 2002, 59: 159-163.
Szucs EF, Barrett KE, Metcalfe DD: The effects of aspartame on mast cells and basophils. Food Chem Toxicol. 1986, 24: 171-174.
Rahiman F, Pool EJ: The in vitro effects of artificial and natural sweeteners on the immune system using whole blood culture assays. J Immunoassay Immunochem. 2014, 35: 26-36.
Sehar I, Kaul A, Bani S, Pal HC, Saxena AK: Immune up regulatory response of a non-caloric natural sweetener, stevioside. Chem Biol Interact. 2008, 173: 115-121.
Boonkaewwan C, Toskulkao C, Vongsakul M: Anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities of stevioside and its metabolite steviol on THP-1 Cells. J Agric Food Chem. 2006, 54: 785-789.
Yingkun N, Zhenyu W, Jing L, Xiuyun L, Huimin Y: Stevioside protects LPS-induced acute lung injury in mice. Inflammation. 2013, 36: 242-250.
Kleinewietfeld M, Manzel A, Titze J, Kvakan H, Yosef N, Linker RA, Muller DN, Hafler DA: Sodium chloride drives autoimmune disease by the induction of pathogenic TH17 cells. Nature. 2013, 496: 518-522.
Wu C, Yosef N, Thalhamer T, Zhu C, Xiao S, Kishi Y, Regev A, Kuchroo VK: Induction of pathogenic TH17 cells by inducible salt-sensing kinase SGK1. Nature. 2013, 496: 513-517.
Kalinski P: Regulation of immune responses by prostaglandin E2. J Immunol. 2012, 188: 21-28.
Calder PC: Fatty acids and inflammation: the cutting edge between food and pharma. Eur J Pharmacol. 2011, 668 (Suppl 1): S50-S58.
Kim K, Jung N, Lee K, Choi J, Kim S, Jun J, Kim E, Kim D: Dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids attenuate hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats by modulating toll-like receptor recruitment into lipid rafts. Clin Nutr. 2013, 32: 855-862.
Beutler BA: TLRs and innate immunity. Blood. 2009, 113: 1399-1407.
Huang S, Rutkowsky JM, Snodgrass RG, Ono-Moore KD, Schneider DA, Newman JW, Adams SH, Hwang DH: Saturated fatty acids activate TLR-mediated proinflammatory signaling pathways. J Lipid Res. 2012, 53: 2002-2013.
Lee JY, Sohn KH, Rhee SH, Hwang D: Saturated fatty acids, but not unsaturated fatty acids, induce the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 mediated through Toll-like receptor 4. J Biol Chem. 2001, 276: 16683-16689.
Nguyen MT, Favelyukis S, Nguyen AK, Reichart D, Scott PA, Jenn A, Liu-Bryan R, Glass CK, Neels JG, Olefsky JM: A subpopulation of macrophages infiltrates hypertrophic adipose tissue and is activated by free fatty acids via Toll-like receptors 2 and 4 and JNK-dependent pathways. J Biol Chem. 2007, 282: 35279-35292.
Shi H, Kokoeva MV, Inouye K, Tzameli I, Yin H, Flier JS: TLR4 links innate immunity and fatty acid-induced insulin resistance. J Clin Invest. 2006, 116: 3015-3025.
Reynolds CM, McGillicuddy FC, Harford KA, Finucane OM, Mills KH, Roche HM: Dietary saturated fatty acids prime the NLRP3 inflammasome via TLR4 in dendritic cells-implications for diet-induced insulin resistance. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2012, 56: 1212-1222.
Myles IA, Fontecilla NM, Janelsins BM, Vithayathil PJ, Segre JA, Datta SK: Parental dietary fat intake alters offspring microbiome and immunity. J Immunol. 2013, 191: 3200-3209.
Galli C, Calder PC: Effects of fat and fatty acid intake on inflammatory and immune responses: a critical review. Ann Nutr Metab. 2009, 55: 123-139.
Deopurkar R, Ghanim H, Friedman J, Abuaysheh S, Sia CL, Mohanty P, Viswanathan P, Chaudhuri A, Dandona P: Differential effects of cream, glucose, and orange juice on inflammation, endotoxin, and the expression of Toll-like receptor-4 and suppressor of cytokine signaling-3. Diabetes Care. 2010, 33: 991-997.
Gabele E, Dostert K, Hofmann C, Wiest R, Scholmerich J, Hellerbrand C, Obermeier F: DSS induced colitis increases portal LPS levels and enhances hepatic inflammation and fibrogenesis in experimental NASH. J Hepatol. 2011, 55: 1391-1399.
Ghanim H, Abuaysheh S, Sia CL, Korzeniewski K, Chaudhuri A, Fernandez-Real JM, Dandona P: Increase in plasma endotoxin concentrations and the expression of Toll-like receptors and suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 in mononuclear cells after a high-fat, high-carbohydrate meal: implications for insulin resistance. Diabetes Care. 2009, 32: 2281-2287.
Cuda C, Badawi A, Karmali M, El-Sohemy A: Polymorphisms in Toll-like receptor 4 are associated with factors of the metabolic syndrome and modify the association between dietary saturated fat and fasting high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Metabolism. 2011, 60: 1131-1135.
Kiechl S, Lorenz E, Reindl M, Wiedermann CJ, Oberhollenzer F, Bonora E, Willeit J, Schwartz DA: Toll-like receptor 4 polymorphisms and atherogenesis. N Engl J Med. 2002, 347: 185-192.
Chait A, Kim F: Saturated fatty acids and inflammation: Who pays the Toll?. J of the American Heart Association. 2010, 30: 692-693.
Laugerette F, Furet JP, Debard C, Daira P, Loizon E, Geloen A, Soulage CO, Simonet C, Lefils-Lacourtablaise J, Bernoud-Hubac N, Bodennec J, Peretti N, Vidal H, Michalski MC: Oil composition of high-fat diet affects metabolic inflammation differently in connection with endotoxin receptors in mice. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2012, 302: E374-E386.
Liu J, Hu S, Cui Y, Sun MK, Xie F, Zhang Q, Jin J: Saturated fatty acids up-regulate COX-2 expression in prostate epithelial cells via toll-like receptor 4/NF-kappaB signaling. Inflammation. 2013, 37 (2): 467-477.
Frommer KW, Schaffler A, Rehart S, Lehr A, Muller-Ladner U, Neumann E: Free fatty acids: potential proinflammatory mediators in rheumatic diseases. Ann Rheum Dis. 2013, 0: 1-8.
Calder PC: Fatty acids and immune function: relevance to inflammatory bowel diseases. Int Rev Immunol. 2009, 28: 506-534.
Innis SM: Dietary lipids in early development: relevance to obesity, immune and inflammatory disorders. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2007, 14: 359-364.
Kuhnt K, Wagner A, Kraft J, Basu S, Jahreis G: Dietary supplementation with 11trans- and 12trans-18:1 and oxidative stress in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006, 84: 981-988.
Ghosh S, Kewalramani G, Yuen G, Pulinilkunnil T, An D, Innis SM, Allard MF, Wambolt RB, Qi D, Abrahani A, Rodrigues B: Induction of mitochondrial nitrative damage and cardiac dysfunction by chronic provision of dietary omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Free Radic Biol Med. 2006, 41: 1413-1424.
Viswanathan S, Hammock BD, Newman JW, Meerarani P, Toborek M, Hennig B: Involvement of CYP 2C9 in mediating the proinflammatory effects of linoleic acid in vascular endothelial cells. J Am Coll Nutr. 2003, 22: 502-510.
Johnson GH, Fritsche K: Effect of dietary linoleic acid on markers of inflammation in healthy persons: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012, 112: 1029-1041. 1041 e1021-1015
Fantuzzi G: Adipose tissue, adipokines, and inflammation. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005, 115: 911-919. quiz 920
Colombel JF, Solem CA, Sandborn WJ, Booya F, Loftus EV, Harmsen WS, Zinsmeister AR, Bodily KD, Fletcher JG: Quantitative measurement and visual assessment of ileal Crohn's disease activity by computed tomography enterography: correlation with endoscopic severity and C reactive protein. Gut. 2006, 55: 1561-1567.
Mozaffarian D, Pischon T, Hankinson SE, Rifai N, Joshipura K, Willett WC, Rimm EB: Dietary intake of trans fatty acids and systemic inflammation in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004, 79: 606-612.
Weylandt KH, Chiu C-Y, Gomolka B, Waechter SF, Wiedenmann B: Omega-3 fatty acids and their lipid mediators: towards an understanding of resolvin and protectin formation. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2012, 97: 73-82.
Calder PC: Omega-3 fatty acids and inflammatory processes. Nutrients. 2010, 2: 355-374.
Fredman G, Oh SF, Ayilavarapu S, Hasturk H, Serhan CN, Van Dyke TE: Impaired phagocytosis in localized aggressive periodontitis: rescue by Resolvin E1. PLoS One. 2011, 6: e24422-
Shek LP, Chong MF-F, Lim JY, Soh S-E, Chong Y-S: Role of dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in infant allergies and respiratory diseases. Clin Dev Immun. 2012, 2012: 1-8.
Kremmyda LS, Vlachava M, Noakes PS, Diaper ND, Miles EA, Calder PC: Atopy risk in infants and children in relation to early exposure to fish, oily fish, or long-chain omega-3 fatty acids: a systematic review. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2011, 41: 36-66.
Nwaru BI, Erkkola M, Lumia M, Kronberg-Kippila C, Ahonen S, Kaila M, Ilonen J, Simell O, Knip M, Veijola R, Virtanen SM: Maternal intake of fatty acids during pregnancy and allergies in the offspring. Br J Nutr. 2012, 108: 720-732.
Levy BD: Resolvins and protectins: Natural pharmacophores for resolution biology. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2010, 82: 327-332.
Ariel A, Serhan CN: Resolvins and protectins in the termination program of acute inflammation. Trends Immunol. 2007, 28: 176-183.
Merched AJ, Ko K, Gotlinger KH, Serhan CN, Chan L: Atherosclerosis: evidence for impairment of resolution of vascular inflammation governed by specific lipid mediators. FASEB J. 2008, 22: 3595-3606.
Lee JY, Plakidas A, Lee WH, Heikkinen A, Chanmugam P, Bray G, Hwang DH: Differential modulation of Toll-like receptors by fatty acids: preferential inhibition by n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. J Lipid Res. 2003, 44: 479-486.
Lee JY, Zhao L, Hwang DH: Modulation of pattern recognition receptor-mediated inflammation and risk of chronic diseases by dietary fatty acids. Nutr Rev. 2010, 68: 38-61.
Junker Y, Zeissig S, Kim SJ, Barisani D, Wieser H, Leffler DA, Zevallos V, Libermann TA, Dillon S, Freitag TL, Kelly CP, Schuppan D: Wheat amylase trypsin inhibitors drive intestinal inflammation via activation of toll-like receptor 4. J Exp Med. 2012, 209: 2395-2408.
Vader LW, de Ru A, van der Wal Y, Kooy YM, Benckhuijsen W, Mearin ML, Drijfhout JW, van Veelen P, Koning F: Specificity of tissue transglutaminase explains cereal toxicity in celiac disease. J Exp Med. 2002, 195: 643-649.
Lundin KE, Sollid LM, Qvigstad E, Markussen G, Gjertsen HA, Ek J, Thorsby E: T lymphocyte recognition of a celiac disease-associated cis- or trans-encoded HLA-DQ alpha/beta-heterodimer. J Immunol. 1990, 145: 136-139.
Lundin KE, Scott H, Fausa O, Thorsby E, Sollid LM: T cells from the small intestinal mucosa of a DR4, DQ7/DR4, DQ8 celiac disease patient preferentially recognize gliadin when presented by DQ8. Hum Immunol. 1994, 41: 285-291.
Johansen BH, Jensen T, Thorpe CJ, Vartdal F, Thorsby E, Sollid LM: Both alpha and beta chain polymorphisms determine the specificity of the disease-associated HLA-DQ2 molecules, with beta chain residues being most influential. Immunogenetics. 1996, 45: 142-150.
Kagnoff MF: Celiac disease: pathogenesis of a model immunogenetic disease. J Clin Invest. 2007, 117: 41-49.
Johnson MW, Ellis HJ, Asante MA, Ciclitira PJ: Celiac disease in the elderly. Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008, 5: 697-706.
Chen TS, Chen PS: Intestinal autointoxication: a medical leitmotif. J Clin Gastroenterol. 1989, 11: 434-441.
Stecher B, Hardt WD: Mechanisms controlling pathogen colonization of the gut. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2011, 14: 82-91.
Brown K, DeCoffe D, Molcan E, Gibson DL: Diet-induced dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota and the effects on immunity and disease. Nutrients. 2012, 4: 1095-1119.
Ghosh S, DeCoffe D, Brown K, Rajendiran E, Estaki M, Dai C, Yip A, Gibson DL: Fish oil attenuates omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid-induced dysbiosis and infectious colitis but impairs LPS dephosphorylation activity causing sepsis. PLoS One. 2013, 8: e55468-
Spreadbury I: Comparison with ancestral diets suggests dense acellular carbohydrates promote an inflammatory microbiota, and may be the primary dietary cause of leptin resistance and obesity. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2012, 5: 175-189.
Berg AM, Kelly CP, Farraye FA: Clostridium difficile infection in the inflammatory bowel disease patient. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013, 19: 194-204.
Begley M, Hill C, Gahan CG: Bile salt hydrolase activity in probiotics. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006, 72: 1729-1738.
Belenguer A, Duncan SH, Calder AG, Holtrop G, Louis P, Lobley GE, Flint HJ: Two routes of metabolic cross-feeding between Bifidobacterium adolescentis and butyrate-producing anaerobes from the human gut. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006, 72: 3593-3599.
De Vuyst L, Leroy F: Cross-feeding between bifidobacteria and butyrate-producing colon bacteria explains bifdobacterial competitiveness, butyrate production, and gas production. Int J Food Microbiol. 2011, 149: 73-80.
Koropatkin NM, Cameron EA, Martens EC: How glycan metabolism shapes the human gut microbiota. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2012, 10: 323-335.
Duncan SH, Belenguer A, Holtrop G, Johnstone AM, Flint HJ, Lobley GE: Reduced dietary intake of carbohydrates by obese subjects results in decreased concentrations of butyrate and butyrate-producing bacteria in feces. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007, 73: 1073-1078.
Abell GC, Cooke CM, Bennett CN, Conlon MA, McOrist AL: Phylotypes related to Ruminococcus bromii are abundant in the large bowel of humans and increase in response to a diet high in resistant starch. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2008, 66: 505-515.
De Filippo C, Cavalieri D, Di Paola M, Ramazzotti M, Poullet JB, Massart S, Collini S, Pieraccini G, Lionetti P: Impact of diet in shaping gut microbiota revealed by a comparative study in children from Europe and rural Africa. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010, 107: 14691-14696.
Chassard C, Lacroix C: Carbohydrates and the human gut microbiota. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2013, 16: 453-460.
Payne AN, Chassard C, Lacroix C: Gut microbial adaptation to dietary consumption of fructose, artificial sweeteners and sugar alcohols: implications for host-microbe interactions contributing to obesity. Obes Rev. 2012, 13: 799-809.
Geuns JM: Stevioside. Phytochemistry. 2003, 64: 913-921.
Normen L, Laerke HN, Jensen BB, Langkilde AM, Andersson H: Small-bowel absorption of D-tagatose and related effects on carbohydrate digestibility: an ileostomy study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001, 73: 105-110.
Maslowski KM, Vieira AT, Ng A, Kranich J, Sierro F, Schilter HC, Rolph MS, Mackay F, Artis D, Xavier RJ, Teixeira MM, Mackay CR: Regulation of inflammatory responses by gut microbiota and chemoattractant receptor GPR43. Nature. 2009, 461: 1282-1286.
Beauchamp GK, Mennella JA: Flavor perception in human infants: development and functional significance. Digestion. 2011, 83 (Suppl 1): 1-6.
Funkhouser LJ, Bordenstein SR: Mom knows best: the universality of maternal microbial transmission. PLoS Biol. 2013, 11: e1001631-
Jimenez E, Marin ML, Martin R, Odriozola JM, Olivares M, Xaus J, Fernandez L, Rodriguez JM: Is meconium from healthy newborns actually sterile?. Res Microbiol. 2008, 159: 187-193.
Du Y, Yang M, Lee S, Behrendt CL, Hooper LV, Saghatelian A, Wan Y: Maternal western diet causes inflammatory milk and TLR2/4-dependent neonatal toxicity. Genes Dev. 2012, 26: 1306-1311.
Jablonka E: Epigenetic variations in heredity and evolution. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2012, 92: 683-688.
Tennis MA, Vanscoyk MM, Wilson LA, Kelley N, Winn RA: Methylation of Wnt7a is modulated by DNMT1 and cigarette smoke condensate in non-small cell lung cancer. PLoS One. 2012, 7: e32921-
Winn RA, Marek L, Han SY, Rodriguez K, Rodriguez N, Hammond M, Van Scoyk M, Acosta H, Mirus J, Barry N, Bren-Mattison Y, Van Raay TJ, Nemenoff RA, Heasley LE: Restoration of Wnt-7a expression reverses non-small cell lung cancer cellular transformation through frizzled-9-mediated growth inhibition and promotion of cell differentiation. J Biol Chem. 2005, 280: 19625-19634.
Karmaus W, Ziyab AH, Everson T, Holloway JW: Epigenetic mechanisms and models in the origins of asthma. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2013, 13: 63-69.
Vanderhoof JA, Mitmesser SH: Probiotics in the management of children with allergy and other disorders of intestinal inflammation. Benef Microbes. 2010, 1: 351-356.
Peterson RA: Regulatory T-cells: diverse phenotypes integral to immune homeostasis and suppression. Toxicol Pathol. 2012, 40: 186-204.
Geuking MB, Cahenzli J, Lawson MA, Ng DC, Slack E, Hapfelmeier S, McCoy KD, Macpherson AJ: Intestinal bacterial colonization induces mutualistic regulatory T cell responses. Immunity. 2011, 34: 794-806.
Lathrop SK, Bloom SM, Rao SM, Nutsch K, Lio CW, Santacruz N, Peterson DA, Stappenbeck TS, Hsieh CS: Peripheral education of the immune system by colonic commensal microbiota. Nature. 2011, 478: 250-254.
Nagano Y, Itoh K, Honda K: The induction of Treg cells by gut-indigenous Clostridium. Curr Opin Immunol. 2012, 24: 392-397.
Atarashi K, Tanoue T, Oshima K, Suda W, Nagano Y, Nishikawa H, Fukuda S, Saito T, Narushima S, Hase K, Kim S, Fritz JV, Wilmes P, Ueha S, Matsushima K, Ohno H, Olie B, Sakaguchi S, Taniguchi T, Morita H, Hattori M, Honda K: Treg induction by a rationally selected mixture of Clostridia strains from the human microbiota. Nature. 2013, 500: 232-236.
Iemoli E, Trabattoni D, Parisotto S, Borgonovo L, Toscano M, Rizzardini G, Clerici M, Ricci E, Fusi A, De Vecchi E, Piconi S, Drago L: Probiotics reduce gut microbial translocation and improve adult atopic dermatitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2012, 46 (Suppl): S33-S40.
Halabi-Tawil M, Ruemmele FM, Fraitag S, Rieux-Laucat F, Neven B, Brousse N, De Prost Y, Fischer A, Goulet O, Bodemer C: Cutaneous manifestations of immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome. Br J Dermatol. 2009, 160: 645-651.
Wright GP, Ehrenstein MR, Stauss HJ: Regulatory T-cell adoptive immunotherapy: potential for treatment of autoimmunity. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2011, 7: 213-225.
Buc M: Role of regulatory T cells in pathogenesis and biological therapy of multiple sclerosis. Mediators Inflamm. 2013, 2013: 963748-
Saurer L, Mueller C: T cell-mediated immunoregulation in the gastrointestinal tract. Allergy. 2009, 64: 505-519.
Katoh H, Zheng P, Liu Y: FOXP3: genetic and epigenetic implications for autoimmunity. J Autoimmun. 2013, 41: 72-78.
He YQ, Bo Q, Yong W, Qiu ZX, Li YL, Li WM: FoxP3 genetic variants and risk of non-small cell lung cancer in the Chinese Han population. Gene. 2013, 531: 422-425.
Zhao L, Yang J, Wang HP, Liu RY: Imbalance in the Th17/Treg and cytokine environment in peripheral blood of patients with adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Med Oncol. 2013, 30: 461-
Noval Rivas M, Burton OT, Wise P, Zhang YQ, Hobson SA, Garcia Lloret M, Chehoud C, Kuczynski J, DeSantis T, Warrington J, Hyde ER, Petrosino JF, Gerber GK, Bry L, Oettgen HC, Mazmanian SK, Chatila TA: A microbiota signature associated with experimental food allergy promotes allergic sensitization and anaphylaxis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2013, 131: 201-212.
Ji GE: Probiotics in primary prevention of atopic dermatitis. Forum Nutr. 2009, 61: 117-128.
Braat H, Rottiers P, Hommes DW, Huyghebaert N, Remaut E, Remon JP, van Deventer SJ, Neirynck S, Peppelenbosch MP, Steidler L: A phase I trial with transgenic bacteria expressing interleukin-10 in Crohn's disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006, 4: 754-759.
Messaoudi M, Violle N, Bisson JF, Desor D, Javelot H, Rougeot C: Beneficial psychological effects of a probiotic formulation (Lactobacillus helveticus R0052 and Bifidobacterium longum R0175) in healthy human volunteers. Gut Microbes. 2011, 2: 256-261.
Foster JA, McVey Neufeld KA: Gut-brain axis: how the microbiome influences anxiety and depression. Trends Neurosci. 2013, 36: 305-312.
Gareau MG, Sherman PM, Walker WA: Probiotics and the gut microbiota in intestinal health and disease. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010, 7: 503-514.
Myles I, Pincus NB, Fontecilla NM, Datta SK: Effects of parental omega-3 fatty acid intake on offspring microbiome and immunity. PLoS One. 2013, 9 (1): e87181-
Murri M, Leiva I, Gomez-Zumaquero JM, Tinahones FJ, Cardona F, Soriguer F, Queipo-Ortuno MI: Gut microbiota in children with type 1 diabetes differs from that in healthy children: a case–control study. BMC Med. 2013, 11: 46-
Chen W, Liu F, Ling Z, Tong X, Xiang C: Human intestinal lumen and mucosa-associated microbiota in patients with colorectal cancer. PLoS One. 2012, 7: e39743-
Mabrok HB, Klopfleisch R, Ghanem KZ, Clavel T, Blaut M, Loh G: Lignan transformation by gut bacteria lowers tumor burden in a gnotobiotic rat model of breast cancer. Carcinogenesis. 2012, 33: 203-208.
Rajilic-Stojanovic M, Biagi E, Heilig HG, Kajander K, Kekkonen RA, Tims S, de Vos WM: Global and deep molecular analysis of microbiota signatures in fecal samples from patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology. 2011, 141: 1792-1801.
Mondot S, Kang S, Furet JP, Aguirre de Carcer D, McSweeney C, Morrison M, Marteau P, Dore J, Leclerc M: Highlighting new phylogenetic specificities of Crohn's disease microbiota. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011, 17: 185-192.
Swidsinski A, Weber J, Loening-Baucke V, Hale LP, Lochs H: Spatial organization and composition of the mucosal flora in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. J Clin Microbiol. 2005, 43: 3380-3389.
van de Merwe JP, Mol GJ: A possible role of Eubacterium and Peptostreptococcus species in the aetiology of Crohn's disease. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 1980, 46: 587-593.
Ridaura VK, Faith JJ, Rey FE, Cheng J, Duncan AE, Kau AL, Griffin NW, Lombard V, Henrissat B, Bain JR, Meuhlbauer MJ, Ikayeva O, Semenkovich CF, Funai K, Hayashi DK, Lyle BJ, Martini MC, Ursell LK, Clemente JC, Van Treuren W, Walters WA, Knight R, Newgard CB, Heath AC, Gordon JI: Gut microbiota from twins discordant for obesity modulate metabolism in mice. Science. 2013, 341: 1241214-
Koeth RA, Wang Z, Levison BS, Buffa JA, Org E, Sheehy BT, Britt EB, Fu X, Wu Y, Li L, Wu GD, Lewis JD, Warrier M, Brown JM, Krauss RM, Tang WH, Bushman FD, Lusis AJ, Hazen SL: Intestinal microbiota metabolism of L-carnitine, a nutrient in red meat, promotes atherosclerosis. Nat Med. 2013, 19: 576-585.
Ley SH, Sun Q, Willett WC, Eliassen AH, Wu K, Pan A, Grodstein F, Hu FB: Associations between red meat intake and biomarkers of inflammation and glucose metabolism in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013, 99 (2): 352-360.
Micha R, Michas G, Mozaffarian D: Unprocessed red and processed meats and risk of coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes–an updated review of the evidence. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2012, 14: 515-524.
Bjelakovic G, Nikolova D, Gluud LL, Simonetti RG, Gluud C: Mortality in randomized trials of antioxidant supplements for primary and secondary prevention: systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2007, 297: 842-857.
Key TJ, Schatzkin A, Willett WC, Allen NE, Spencer EA, Travis RC: Diet, nutrition and the prevention of cancer. Public Health Nutr. 2004, 7: 187-200.
Milner JA: Nutrition and cancer: essential elements for a roadmap. Cancer Lett. 2008, 269: 189-198.
Milner JA: Preclinical perspectives on garlic and cancer. J Nutr. 2006, 136: 827S-831S.
Krishnan AV, Swami S, Moreno J, Bhattacharyya RB, Peehl DM, Feldman D: Potentiation of the growth-inhibitory effects of vitamin D in prostate cancer by genistein. Nutr Rev. 2007, 65: S121-S123.
Helicobacter, Cancer Collaborative G: Gastric cancer and Helicobacter pylori: a combined analysis of 12 case control studies nested within prospective cohorts. Gut. 2001, 49: 347-353.
Humans IWGotEoCRt: IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Ingested nitrate and nitrite, and cyanobacterial peptide toxins. IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risks Hum. 2010, 94: v-vii. 1–412
Valdes-Ramos R, Benitez-Arciniega AD: Nutrition and immunity in cancer. Br J Nutr. 2007, 98 (Suppl 1): S127-S132.
Sharp L, Chilvers CE, Cheng KK, McKinney PA, Logan RF, Cook-Mozaffari P, Ahmed A, Day NE: Risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus in women: a case–control study. Br J Cancer. 2001, 85: 1667-1670.
Glade MJ: Food, nutrition, and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective. American Institute for Cancer Research/World Cancer Research Fund, American Institute for Cancer Research, 1997. Nutrition. 1999, 15: 523-526.
Norat T, Lukanova A, Ferrari P, Riboli E: Meat consumption and colorectal cancer risk: dose–response meta-analysis of epidemiological studies. Int J Cancer. 2002, 98: 241-256.
Howe GR, Aronson KJ, Benito E, Castelleto R, Cornee J, Duffy S, Gallagher RP, Iscovich JM, Deng-ao J, Kaaks R, Kune GA, Kune S, Lee HP, Lee M, Miller AB, Peters RK, Potter JD, Riboli E, Slattery ML, Trichopoulos D, Tuyns A, Tzonou A, Watson LF, Whittemore AS, Wu-Williams AH, Shu Z: The relationship between dietary fat intake and risk of colorectal cancer: evidence from the combined analysis of 13 case–control studies. Cancer Causes Control. 1997, 8: 215-228.
Hamajima N, Hirose K, Tajima K, Rohan T, Calle EE, Heath CW, Coates RJ, Liff JM, Talamini R, Chantarakul N, Koetswang S, Rachawat D, Morabia A, Schuman L, Stewart W, Szkio M, Bain C, Schofield F, Siskind V, Band P, Coldman AJ, Gallagher RP, Hislop TG, Yang P, Kolonel LM, Nomura AM, Hu J, Johnson KC, Mao Y, De Sanjose S, et al: Alcohol, tobacco and breast cancer–collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 53 epidemiological studies, including 58,515 women with breast cancer and 95,067 women without the disease. Br J Cancer. 2002, 87: 1234-1245.
Yao D, Shi W, Gou Y, Zhou X, Yee Aw T, Zhou Y, Liu Z: Fatty acid-mediated intracellular iron translocation: a synergistic mechanism of oxidative injury. Free Radic Biol Med. 2005, 39: 1385-1398.
Busch AK, Gurisik E, Cordery DV, Sudlow M, Denyer GS, Laybutt DR, Hughes WE, Biden TJ: Increased fatty acid desaturation and enhanced expression of stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase protects pancreatic beta-cells from lipoapoptosis. Diabetes. 2005, 54: 2917-2924.
Atshaves BP, Storey SM, Petrescu A, Greenberg CC, Lyuksyutova OI, Smith R, Schroeder F: Expression of fatty acid binding proteins inhibits lipid accumulation and alters toxicity in L cell fibroblasts. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2002, 283: C688-C703.
Theodoratou E, McNeill G, Cetnarskyj R, Farrington SM, Tenesa A, Barnetson R, Porteous M, Dunlop M, Campbell H: Dietary fatty acids and colorectal cancer: a case–control study. Am J Epidemiol. 2007, 166: 181-195.
Liu H, Heaney AP: Refined fructose and cancer. Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2011, 15: 1049-1059.
Ruxton CH, Gardner EJ, McNulty HM: Is sugar consumption detrimental to health? a review of the evidence 1995–2006. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2010, 50: 1-19.
White JS: Challenging the fructose hypothesis: new perspectives on fructose consumption and metabolism. Adv Nutr. 2013, 4: 246-256.
Aune D, Chan DS, Vieira AR, Navarro Rosenblatt DA, Vieira R, Greenwood DC, Cade JE, Burley VJ, Norat T: Dietary fructose, carbohydrates, glycemic indices and pancreatic cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Ann Oncol. 2012, 23: 2536-2546.
Wright ME, Chang SC, Schatzkin A, Albanes D, Kipnis V, Mouw T, Hurwitz P, Hollenbeck A, Leitzmann MF: Prospective study of adiposity and weight change in relation to prostate cancer incidence and mortality. Cancer. 2007, 109: 675-684.
Linos E, Holmes MD, Willett WC: Diet and breast cancer. Curr Oncol Rep. 2007, 9: 31-41.
Carmichael AR: Obesity and prognosis of breast cancer. Obes Rev. 2006, 7: 333-340.
Foksinski M, Gackowski D, Rozalski R, Siomek A, Guz J, Szpila A, Dziaman T, Olinski R: Effects of basal level of antioxidants on oxidative DNA damage in humans. Eur J Nutr. 2007, 46: 174-180.
Greenwald P: A favorable view: progress in cancer prevention and screening. Recent Results Cancer Res. 2007, 174: 3-17.
Weinstein SJ, Wright ME, Lawson KA, Snyder K, Mannisto S, Taylor PR, Virtamo J, Albanes D: Serum and dietary vitamin E in relation to prostate cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007, 16: 1253-1259.
Wright ME, Weinstein SJ, Lawson KA, Albanes D, Subar AF, Dixon LB, Mouw T, Schatzkin A, Leitzmann MF: Supplemental and dietary vitamin E intakes and risk of prostate cancer in a large prospective study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007, 16: 1128-1135.
Mullin GE, Dobs A: Vitamin d and its role in cancer and immunity: a prescription for sunlight. Nutr Clin Pract. 2007, 22: 305-322.
Cui Y, Vogt S, Olson N, Glass AG, Rohan TE: Levels of zinc, selenium, calcium, and iron in benign breast tissue and risk of subsequent breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007, 16: 1682-1685.
Davis CD, Milner JA: Nutrigenomics, vitamin D and cancer prevention. J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics. 2011, 4: 1-11.
Romagnolo DF, Davis CD, Milner JA: Phytoalexins in cancer prevention. Front Biosci. 2012, 17: 2035-2058.
Sax HC: Immunonutrition and upper gastrointestinal surgery: what really matters. Nutr Clin Pract. 2005, 20: 540-543.
Sodergren MH, Jethwa P, Kumar S, Duncan HD, Johns T, Pearce CB: Immunonutrition in patients undergoing major upper gastrointestinal surgery: a prospective double-blind randomised controlled study. Scand J Surg. 2010, 99: 153-161.
Hennekens CH, Buring JE, Manson JE, Stampfer M, Rosner B, Cook NR, Belanger C, LaMotte F, Gaziano JM, Ridker PM, Willett W, Peto R: Lack of effect of long-term supplementation with beta carotene on the incidence of malignant neoplasms and cardiovascular disease. N Engl J Med. 1996, 334: 1145-1149.
Omenn GS, Goodman GE, Thornquist MD, Balmes J, Cullen MR, Glass A, Keogh JP, Meyskens FL, Valanis B, Williams JH, Barnhart S, Hammar S: Effects of a combination of beta carotene and vitamin A on lung cancer and cardiovascular disease. N Engl J Med. 1996, 334: 1150-1155.
Fortmann SP, Burda BU, Senger CA, Lin JS, Whitlock EP: Vitamin and mineral supplements in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer: an updated systematic evidence review for the U.S. preventive services task force. Ann Intern Med. 2013, 159 (12): 824-834.
Cortes-Jofre M, Rueda JR, Corsini-Munoz G, Fonseca-Cortes C, Caraballoso M, Bonfill Cosp X: Drugs for preventing lung cancer in healthy people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012, 10: CD002141
Bertuccio P, Rosato V, Andreano A, Ferraroni M, Decarli A, Edefonti V, La Vecchia C: Dietary patterns and gastric cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Oncol. 2013, 24: 1450-1458.
Liu RH: Health-promoting components of fruits and vegetables in the diet. Adv Nutr. 2013, 4: 384S-392S.
Mosby TT, Cosgrove M, Sarkardei S, Platt KL, Kaina B: Nutrition in adult and childhood cancer: role of carcinogens and anti-carcinogens. Anticancer Res. 2012, 32: 4171-4192.
Thomson CA: Diet and breast cancer: understanding risks and benefits. Nutr Clin Pract. 2012, 27: 636-650.
Flora SJ: Role of free radicals and antioxidants in health and disease. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-Grand). 2007, 53: 1-2.
Vainio H, Weiderpass E: Fruit and vegetables in cancer prevention. Nutr Cancer. 2006, 54: 111-142.
Nishino H, Murakoshi M, Mou XY, Wada S, Masuda M, Ohsaka Y, Satomi Y, Jinno K: Cancer prevention by phytochemicals. Oncology. 2005, 69 (Suppl 1): 38-40.
Ames BN: DNA damage from micronutrient deficiencies is likely to be a major cause of cancer. Mutat Res. 2001, 475: 7-20.
Gronbaek K, Hother C, Jones PA: Epigenetic changes in cancer. APMIS. 2007, 115: 1039-1059.
Ross SA: Diet and DNA methylation interactions in cancer prevention. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2003, 983: 197-207.
Bindels LB, Porporato P, Dewulf EM, Verrax J, Neyrinck AM, Martin JC, Scott KP, Buc Calderon P, Feron O, Muccioli GG, Sonveaux P, Cani PD, Delzenne NM: Gut microbiota-derived propionate reduces cancer cell proliferation in the liver. Br J Cancer. 2012, 107: 1337-1344.
Zhu Q, Gao R, Wu W, Qin H: The role of gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer. Tumour Biol. 2013, 34: 1285-1300.
Cuevas-Ramos G, Petit CR, Marcq I, Boury M, Oswald E, Nougayrede JP: Escherichia coli induces DNA damage in vivo and triggers genomic instability in mammalian cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010, 107: 11537-11542.
Ellmerich S, Djouder N, Scholler M, Klein JP: Production of cytokines by monocytes, epithelial and endothelial cells activated by Streptococcus bovis. Cytokine. 2000, 12: 26-31.
Ross AC: Vitamin A and retinoic acid in T cell-related immunity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012, 96: 1166S-1172S.
Hvistendahl M, Enserink M: GM research. Charges fly, confusion reigns over golden rice study in Chinese children. Science. 2012, 337: 1281-
Tang G, Hu Y, Yin SA, Wang Y, Dallal GE, Grusak MA, Russell RM: beta-Carotene in Golden Rice is as good as beta-carotene in oil at providing vitamin A to children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012, 96: 658-664.
Qaim M, Zilberman D: Yield effects of genetically modified crops in developing countries. Science. 2003, 299: 900-902.
Heinemann JA MM, Coray DS, Agapito-Tenfen SZ, Wen JD: Sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest. Int J Agri Sustain. 2013, 12 (1): 1-18.
Stecker T: Drought-Tolerant Corn Efforts Show Positive Early Results. Sci Am. 2012, Retrieved from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/drought-tolerant-corn-trials-show-positive-early-results/
Gomez-Barbero M, Berbel J, Rodriguez-Cerezo E: Bt corn in Spain–the performance of the EU's first GM crop. Nat Biotechnol. 2008, 26: 384-386.
Nordlee JA, Taylor SL, Townsend JA, Thomas LA, Bush RK: Identification of a Brazil-nut allergen in transgenic soybeans. N Engl J Med. 1996, 334: 688-692.
Spok A, Gaugitsch H, Laffer S, Pauli G, Saito H, Sampson H, Sibanda E, Thomas W, van Hage M, Valenta R: Suggestions for the assessment of the allergenic potential of genetically modified organisms. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2005, 137: 167-180.
Martinez A, Reyes I, Reyes N: Cytotoxicity of the herbicide glyphosate in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Biomedica. 2007, 27: 594-604.
Benachour N, Seralini GE: Glyphosate formulations induce apoptosis and necrosis in human umbilical, embryonic, and placental cells. Chem Res Toxicol. 2009, 22: 97-105.
Mesnage R, Clair E, Gress S, Then C, Szekacs A, Seralini GE: Cytotoxicity on human cells of Cry1Ab and Cry1Ac Bt insecticidal toxins alone or with a glyphosate-based herbicide. J Appl Toxicol. 2013, 33: 695-699.
Carman JAVH, Ver Steeg LJ, Sneller VE, Robinson GW, Clinch-Jones CA, Haynes JI, Edwards JW: A long-term toxicology study on pigs fed a combined genetically modified (GM) soy and GM maize diet. J Org Syst. 2013, 8: 38-54.
Buzoianu SG, Walsh MC, Rea MC, O'Sullivan O, Crispie F, Cotter PD, Ross RP, Gardiner GE, Lawlor PG: The effect of feeding Bt MON810 maize to pigs for 110 days on intestinal microbiota. PLoS One. 2012, 7: e33668-
Agency USEP: Bacillus thuringiensis Cry3Bb1 protein and the genetic material necessary for its production (Vector ZMIR13L) in event MON863 Corn (006484) fact sheet. 2005, Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/oppbppd1/biopesticides/ingredients_keep/factsheets/factsheet_006484.htm
Schubbert RLC, Doerfler W: Ingested foreign (phage M13) DNA survives transiently in the gastrointestinal tract and enters the bloodstream of mice. Mol Gen Genet. 1994, 242: 495-504.
Schubbert RRD, Schmitz B, Doerfler W: Foreign (M13) DNA ingested by mice reaches peripheral leukocytes, spleen, and liver via the intestinal wall mucosa and can be covalently linked to mouse DNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 1997, 94: 961-966.
Schubbert R, Hohlweg U, Renz D, Doerfler W: On the fate of orally ingested foreign DNA in mice: chromosomal association and placental transmission to the fetus. Mol Gen Genet. 1998, 259: 569-576.
Einspanier RKA, Kraft J, Aulrich K, Poser R, Schwagele F, Jahreis G, Flachowsky G: The fate of forage plant DNA in farm animals: a collaborative case-study investigating cattle and chicken fed recombinant plant material. Eur Food Res Technol. 2001, 212: 129-134.
Netherwood T, Martin-Orue SM, O'Donnell AG, Gockling S, Graham J, Mathers JC, Gilbert HJ: Assessing the survival of transgenic plant DNA in the human gastrointestinal tract. Nat Biotechnol. 2004, 22: 204-209.
DiChrinstina M, Editorial Staff: Scientific American perspectives. a seedy practice. Sci Am. 2009, 301: 28-
Pace TW, Hu F, Miller AH: Cytokine-effects on glucocorticoid receptor function: relevance to glucocorticoid resistance and the pathophysiology and treatment of major depression. Brain Behav Immun. 2007, 21: 9-19.
Myles IA, Beakes D: An Allergy to Goldfish? Highlighting the Labeling Laws for Food Additives. World Allergy Organ J. 2009, 2: 314-316.
Koplin JJ, Allen KJ: Optimal timing for solids introduction - why are the guidelines always changing?. Clin Exp Allergy. 2013, 43: 826-834.
Pansare M, Kamat D: Peanut allergy. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2010, 22: 642-646.
David TJ, Waddington E, Stanton RH: Nutritional hazards of elimination diets in children with atopic eczema. Arch Dis Child. 1984, 59: 323-325.
Aldamiz-Echevarria L, Bilbao A, Andrade F, Elorz J, Prieto JA, Rodriguez-Soriano J: Fatty acid deficiency profile in children with food allergy managed with elimination diets. Acta Paediatr. 2008, 97: 1572-1576.
Drewnowski A, Darmon N: Food choices and diet costs: an economic analysis. J Nutr. 2005, 135: 900-904.
Wang MC, Kim S, Gonzalez AA, MacLeod KE, Winkleby MA: Socioeconomic and food-related physical characteristics of the neighbourhood environment are associated with body mass index. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007, 61: 491-498.
Auerbach DI, Kellermann AL: A decade of health care cost growth has wiped out real income gains for an average US family. Health Aff (Millwood). 2011, 30: 1630-1636.
Paez KA, Zhao L, Hwang W: Rising out-of-pocket spending for chronic conditions: a ten-year trend. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009, 28: 15-25.
Cawley J, Meyerhoefer C: The medical care costs of obesity: an instrumental variables approach. J Health Econ. 2012, 31: 219-230.
Creel JS, Sharkey JR, McIntosh A, Anding J, Huber JC: Availability of healthier options in traditional and nontraditional rural fast-food outlets. BMC Public Health. 2008, 8: 395-
Brownell KD, Warner KE: The perils of ignoring history: Big Tobacco played dirty and millions died. How similar is Big Food?. Milbank Q. 2009, 87: 259-294.
Romeo J, Warnberg J, Pozo T, Marcos A: Physical activity, immunity and infection. Proc Nutr Soc. 2010, 69: 390-399.
Packeu A, Chasseur C, Bladt S, Detandt M: The role of indoor pollution in the development and maintenance of chronic airway inflammation in children. B-ENT. 2012, 8 (Suppl 19): 73-79.
Willett W, Manson J, Liu S: Glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002, 76: 274S-280S.
Banon S, Isenberg DA: Rheumatological manifestations occurring in patients with diabetes mellitus. Scand J Rheumatol. 2013, 42: 1-10.
Geerlings SE, Hoepelman AI: Immune dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1999, 26: 259-265.
Lamb MM, Myers MA, Barriga K, Zimmet PZ, Rewers M, Norris JM: Maternal diet during pregnancy and islet autoimmunity in offspring. Pediatr Diabetes. 2008, 9: 135-141.
de Koning L, Malik VS, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Hu FB: Sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverage consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011, 93: 1321-1327.
Kruijsen-Jaarsma M, Revesz D, Bierings MB, Buffart LM, Takken T: Effects of exercise on immune function in patients with cancer: a systematic review. Exerc Immunol Rev. 2013, 19: 120-143.
Walsh NP, Gleeson M, Shephard RJ, Gleeson M, Woods JA, Bishop NC, Fleshner M, Green C, Pedersen BK, Hoffman-Goetz L, Rogers CJ, Northoff H, Abbasi A, Simon P: Position statement. Part one: Immune function and exercise. Exerc Immunol Rev. 2011, 17: 6-63.
Andersen PH K, Gorbet DW, Brodbeck BV: Fatty Acid and Amino Acid Profiles of Selected Peanut Cultivars and Breeding Lines. J Food Composition Anal. 1998, 11: 100-111.
PJAJaK LS: US per capita food supply trends: more calories, refined carbohydrates, and fats. Food Rev. 2002, 25: 2-15.
Smith LC, AJ , Creveling RK, Hamblin CL: Lipid content and fatty acid profiles of various deep-fat fried foods. J Am Oil Chem Soc. 1985, 62: 996-999.
Boosalis M: Fatty acids. Foods and their Health Implications. Edited by: Chow C. 2008, Florida: CRC Press