Aburto NJ, Ziolkovska A, Hooper L, Elliott P, Cappuccio FP, Meerpohl JJ. Effect of lower sodium intake on health: systematic review and meta-analyses. BMJ. 2013;346: f1326.
Graudal NA, Hubeck-Graudal T, Jurgens G: Effects of low sodium diet versus high sodium diet on blood pressure, renin, aldosterone, catecholamines, cholesterol, and triglyceride. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 2011(11):Cd004022.
He FJ, MacGregor GA. Importance of salt in determining blood pressure in children: meta-analysis of controlled trials. Hypertension. 2006;48(5):861–9.
He FJ, Marrero NM, Macgregor GA. Salt and blood pressure in children and adolescents. J Hum Hypertens. 2008;22(1):4–11.
D’Elia L, Barba G, Cappuccio FP, Strazzullo P. Potassium intake, stroke, and cardiovascular disease a meta-analysis of prospective studies. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011;57(10):1210–9.
Yoon YS, Oh SW. Sodium density and obesity; the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007–2010. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013;67(2):141–6.
Rodrigues SL, Baldo MP, Machado RC, Forechi L. Molina MdCB, Mill JG: High potassium intake blunts the effect of elevated sodium intake on blood pressure levels. J Am Soc Hypertens. 2014;8(4):232–8.
Ge Z, Zhang J, Chen X, Yan L, Guo X, Lu Z, Xu A, Ma J. Are 24 h urinary sodium excretion and sodium: potassium independently associated with obesity in Chinese adults? Public Health Nutr. 2016;19(06):1074–80.
Jain N, Minhajuddin AT, Neeland IJ, Elsayed EF, Vega GL, Hedayati SS. Association of urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio with obesity in a multiethnic cohort. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;99(5):992–8.
Kelishadi R, Gheisari A, Zare N, Farajian S, Shariatinejad K. Salt intake and the association with blood pressure in young Iranian children: first report from the middle East and north Africa. Int J Prev Med. 2013;4(4):475–83.
He FJ, MacGregor GA. A comprehensive review on salt and health and current experience of worldwide salt reduction programmes. J Hum Hypertens. 2009;23(6):363–84.
Kristbjornsdottir OK, Halldorsson TI, Thorsdottir I, Gunnarsdottir I. Association between 24-hour urine sodium and potassium excretion and diet quality in six-year-old children: a cross sectional study. Nutr J. 2012;11:94.
Ortega RM, López-Sobaler AM, Ballesteros JM, Pérez-Farinós N, Rodríguez-Rodríguez E, Aparicio A, Perea JM, Andrés P. Estimation of salt intake by 24 h urinary sodium excretion in a representative sample of Spanish adults. Br J Nutr. 2011;105(5):787–94.
Aparicio A, Rodríguez-Rodríguez E, Cuadrado-Soto E, Navia B, López-Sobaler A, Ortega R. Estimation of salt intake assessed by urinary excretion of sodium over 24 h in Spanish subjects aged 7–11 years. Eur J Nutr. 2017;56(1):171–8.
Remer T, Neubert A, Maser-Gluth C. Anthropometry-based reference values for 24-h urinary creatinine excretion during growth and their use in endocrine and nutritional research. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002;75(3):561–9.
Hedayati SS, Minhajuddin AT, Ijaz A, Moe OW, Elsayed EF, Reilly RF, Huang C-L. Association of urinary sodium/potassium ratio with blood pressure: sex and racial differences. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012;7(2):315–22.
Lee S-K, Kim MK. Relationship of sodium intake with obesity among Korean children and adolescents: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Br J Nutr. 2016;115(05):834–41.
Richardson D, Cavill N, Ells L, Roberts K: Measuring diet and physical activity in weight management interventions: a briefing paper. National Obesity Observatory 2011.
El Mallah C, Merhi K, Ghattas H, Shatila D, Francis S, Hlais S, Toufeili I, Obeid O: Elevated urinary Na/K ratio among Lebanese elementary school children is attributable to low K intake. European journal of nutrition 2016.
Morinaga Y, Tsuchihashi T, Ohta Y, Matsumura K. Salt intake in 3-year-old Japanese children. Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension. 2011;34(7):836–9.
Campanozzi A, Avallone S, Barbato A, Iacone R, Russo O, De Filippo G, D’Angelo G, Pensabene L, Malamisura B, Cecere G, et al. High sodium and low potassium intake among Italian children: relationship with age, body mass and blood pressure. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(4): e0121183.
Maldonado-Martin A, Garcia-Matarin L, Gil-Extremera B, Avivar-Oyonarte C, Garcia-Granados ME, Gil-Garcia F, Latorre-Hernandez J, Miro-Gutierrez J, Soria-Bonilla A, Vergara-Martin J, et al. Blood pressure and urinary excretion of electrolytes in Spanish schoolchildren. J Hum Hypertens. 2002;16(7):473–8.
Marrero NM, He FJ, Whincup P, Macgregor GA. Salt intake of children and adolescents in South London: consumption levels and dietary sources. Hypertension. 2014;63(5):1026–32.
Shi L, Krupp D, Remer T. Salt, fruit and vegetable consumption and blood pressure development: a longitudinal investigation in healthy children. Br J Nutr. 2014;111(4):662–71.
Lee HS, Duffey KJ, Popkin BM. Sodium and potassium intake patterns and trends in South Korea. J Hum Hypertens. 2013;27(5):298–303.
Grimes CA, Riddell LJ, Campbell KJ, Nowson CA. Dietary salt intake, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and obesity risk. Pediatrics. 2013;131(1):14–21.
Geleijnse JM, Grobbee DE, Hofman A. Sodium and potassium intake and blood pressure change in childhood. BMJ (Clinical research ed). 1990;300(6729):899–902.
Oliveira AC, Padrao P, Moreira A, Pinto M, Neto M, Santos T, Madureira J, Fernandes Ede O, Graca P, Breda J, et al. Potassium urinary excretion and dietary intake: a cross-sectional analysis in 8–10 year-old children. BMC Pediatr. 2015;15:60.
Zhu H, Pollock NK, Kotak I, Gutin B, Wang X, Bhagatwala J, Parikh S, Harshfield GA, Dong Y. Dietary sodium, adiposity, and inflammation in healthy adolescents. Pediatrics. 2014;133(3):e635-642.
Grimes CA, Riddell LJ, Campbell KJ, He FJ, Nowson CA. 24-h urinary sodium excretion is associated with obesity in a cross-sectional sample of Australian schoolchildren. Br J Nutr. 2016;115(6):1071–9.
Libuda L, Kersting M, Alexy U. Consumption of dietary salt measured by urinary sodium excretion and its association with body weight status in healthy children and adolescents. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15(3):433–41.
Murakami K, Livingstone MBE, Sasaki S, Uenishi K. Ability of self-reported estimates of dietary sodium, potassium and protein to detect an association with general and abdominal obesity: comparison with the estimates derived from 24 h urinary excretion. Br J Nutr. 2015;113(8):1308–18.
Shin D, Joh H-K, Kim KH, Park SM. Benefits of potassium intake on metabolic syndrome: The fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV). Atherosclerosis. 2013;230(1):80–5.
Lee H, Lee J. Hwang S-s, Kim S, Chin HJ, Han JS, Heo NJ: Potassium intake and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008–2010. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(1):e55106.
Cai X, Li X, Fan W, Yu W, Wang S, Li Z, Scott EM, Li X. Potassium and obesity/metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence. Nutrients. 2016;8(4):183.
He FJ, Marrero NM, MacGregor GA. Salt Intake Is Related to Soft Drink Consumption in Children and Adolescents A Link to Obesity? Hypertension. 2008;51(3):629–34.
He FJ, Marrero NM, MacGregor GA. Salt intake is related to soft drink consumption in children and adolescents: a link to obesity? Hypertension. 2008;51(3):629–34.
Fonseca-Alaniz MH, Brito LC, Borges-Silva CN, Takada J, Andreotti S, Lima FB. High dietary sodium intake increases white adipose tissue mass and plasma leptin in rats. Obesity. 2007;15(9):2200–8.
Fonseca-Alaniz MH, Takada J, Andreotti S, Campos TB, Campaña AB, Borges-Silva CN, Lima FB. High sodium intake enhances insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in rat epididymal adipose tissue. Obesity. 2008;16(6):1186–92.
Climent B, Simonsen U, Rivera L. Effects of obesity on vascular potassium channels. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2014;12(3):438–52.
Crunkhorn S. Metabolic disease: Potassium channel blocker prevents obesity. Nat Rev Drug Discovery. 2013;12(8):577–577.
Mariosa LSS, Ribeiro-Filho FF, Batista MC, Hirota AH, Borges RL, Ribeiro AB, Zanella MT. Abdominal obesity is associated with potassium depletion and changes in glucose homeostasis during diuretic therapy. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension. 2008;10(6):443–9.
Yang Y, Jiang H, Wang M, Korpelainen H, Li C. Male poplars have a stronger ability to balance growth and carbohydrate accumulation than do females in response to a short-term potassium deficiency. Physiol Plant. 2015;155(4):400–13.
Ashcroft FM. ATP-sensitive potassium channelopathies: focus on insulin secretion. J Clin Investig. 2005;115(8):2047–58.
Murakami K, Sasaki S, Uenishi K. for Nutrition JDSS, Group B: The degree of misreporting of the energy-adjusted intake of protein, potassium, and sodium does not differ among under-, acceptable, and over-reporters of energy intake. Nutr Res. 2012;32(10):741–50.
Rezazadegan M, Soheilipour M, Tarrahi MJ, Amani R: Correlation Between Zinc Nutritional Status with Serum Zonulin and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Case–Control Study. Digestive diseases and sciences 2022:1–7.
Vatandoost A, Azadbakht L, Morvaridi M, Kabir A, Farsani GM: Association between dietary inflammatory index and risk of cardiovascular diseases among firefighters. International Journal of Preventive Medicine 2020, 11.
Atule M, Larbie C, Afriyie C. Dietary Pattern and Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Hypertensive Outpatients and Associated Effect on Target Organ Damage. J Clin Nutr Diet. 2019;5(1):4.