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Table 2 Eating behaviour impact on nutrient intake and BMI status from EFR (n = 1845 participants, 1845 EFR)

From: Characterisation, procedures and heritability of acute dietary intake in the Twins UK cohort: an observational study

  Breakfast Consumers(mean (±SD)) Breakfast Skippers(mean (±SD)) Effect Size (+/−SE) 95% CI [LL, UL] P Value Eating Window(mean (±SD)) Effect size (+/−SE) 95% CI [LL, UL] P Value
n 1623 participants, 1623 records 222 participants, 222 records 1845 participants, 1845 records
Sex (M/F) M = 201, F = 1422 M = 22, F = 200 M = 223, F = 1622
Age (Years) 59.06 (13.72) 52.71 (15.83) 0.03 (0.12) −0.20, 0.26 0.82 58.30 (14.14) 0.02 (0.26) −0.49, 0.53 0.26
Weight (kg) 69.46 (13.99) 69.96 (15.52) −1.12 (0.85) −2.78, 0.54 0.19 69.52 (14.18) 0.21 (0.11) −0.005, 0.42 0.05*
BMI (kg/m2) 25.91 (4.89) 26.16 (5.69) −0.52 (0.31) −1.12, 0.08 0.09 25.94 (4.99) 0.08 (0.04) 0.002, 0.16 0.04*
Eating Window (hrs) 8.26 (2.42) 9.91 (3.32) −1.47 (0.18) −1.82, − 1.12 1.13 × 10− 15* 8.46 (2.60)
Energy (kcal) 1874.67 (532.42) 1700.45 (620.98) 187.49 (37.49) 114.38, 260.60 5.99 × 10−7* 1853.71 (546.6) 2.48 (4.81) −6.90, 11.86 0.61
EA Protein (g) 79.5 (24.45) 74.84 (24.74) 4.34 (1.72) 0.99, 7.69 0.01* 78.94 (24.53) 0.31 (0.22) −0.12, 0.74 0.16
EA Carbohydrate (g) 201.66 (36.26) 188.59 (34.63) 12.72 (3.30) 6.29, 19.16 1.19 × 10−4* 200.19 (36.30) −1.21 (0.44) −2.07, −0.35 0.007*
EA Fat (g) 70.13 (16.89) 73.53 (18.87) −3.69 (1.19) −6.01, −1.37 0.005* 70.54 (17.17) 0.17 (0.16) −0.14, 0.48 0.27
EA Fibre AOAC (g) 19.52 (8.02) 16.73 (8.29) 2.59 (0.57) 1.48, 3.70 6.26 × 10−6* 19.18 (8.10) 0.13 (0.07) −0.01, 0.27 0.08
  1. ANOVA (null fit model) adjusted for covariates age, sum of energy intake (kcal) (fixed effects), and family and zygosity (random effects)
  2. *Statistically significant < 0.05