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Table 1 Sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics of the study sample (n = 242)

From: Dietary patterns and their associations with gestational weight gain in the United Arab Emirates: results from the MISC cohort

  Gestational weight gain rate (GWGR) 
TotalInsufficientAdequateExcessiveP-value*
n = 242n = 85n = 62n = 95 
Nationality    0.72
 Emiratis99(40.9)33(38.8)28(45.2)38(40.0) 
 Arabs143(59.1)52(61.2)34(54.8)57(60.0) 
Mother’s age (Years)     
 18–24.955(22.7)15(17.6)12(19.4)28(29.5)0.13
 25–29.961(25.2)22(25.9)21(33.9)18(18.9) 
 ≥ 30126(52.1)48(56.5)29(46.8)49(51.6) 
Mother’s education     
 Primary or less31(12.8)13(15.3)6(9.7)12(12.6)0.73
 Intermediate/high school134(55.4)43(50.6)35(56.5)56(58.9) 
 University77(31.8)29(34.1)21(33.9)27(28.4) 
Mother’s employment    0.79
 Housewife/Homemaker198(83.5)71(85.5)51(83.6)76(81.7) 
 Employee39(16.5)12(14.5)10(16.4)17(18.3) 
Family monthly income    0.23
 < 10,000AED86(47.0)34(50.7)17(36.2)35(50.7) 
 > 10,000 AED97(53.0)33(49.3)30(63.8)34(49.3) 
Parity
 Primiparous59 (24.4)15 (17.6)13 (21.0)31 (32.6)0.05
 multiparous183 (75.6)70 (82.4)49 (79.0)64 (67.4) 
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus    0.02
 No194(80.2)63(74.1)57(91.9)74(77.9) 
 Yes48(19.8)22(25.9)5(8.1)21(22.1) 
Pre-pregnancy BMI (Kg/m2)    0.15
 BMI < 2597(40.1)27(31.8)28(45.2)42(44.2) 
 BMI ≥ 25145(59.9)58(68.2)34(54.8)53(55.8) 
Physical activity    0.67
 Low intensity130(59.6)48(59.3)36(65.5)46(56.1) 
 Moderate intensity57(26.1)23(28.4)13(23.6)21(25.6) 
 High intensity31(14.2)10(12.3)6(10.9)15(18.3) 
  1. Values in this table represent n (%)
  2. *P-values were derived from Chi-square test