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Table 4 Effect of treatments on plasma lipids in the different groups *

From: An increase of cereal intake as an approach to weight reduction in children is effective only when accompanied by nutrition education: a randomized controlled trial

  1 dose of RTEC 2 doses of RTEC 1 dose of RTEC + Nutrition education guide Control
N 32 34 36 27
Total Cholesterol     
Initial 143.3 (132.6, 154.1) 141.3 (130.0, 152.7) 128.6 (121.1, 136.1) 134.6 (123.3, 145.8)
Final 149.6 (138.8, 160.3) 147.5 (135.7, 159.4) 136.8 (128.0, 145.6) 141.3 (132.0, 150.7)
Unadjusted change 6.2 (-7.3, 19.7) 6.2 (-8.0, 20.4) 8.2 (-3.4, 19.8) 6.7 (-5.8, 19.3)
Adjusted change † 14.7 (4.5, 24.9) 14.2 (4.3, 24.1) 9.5 (-0.7, 19.6) 6.2 (-4.7, 17.1)
Triglycerides     
Initial 109.5 (92.9, 126.1) 134.2 (118.1, 150.2) 129.5 (113.4, 145.6) 121.9 (106.6, 137.1)
Final 134.5 (109.7, 159.2) 119.4 (102.9, 135.8) 108.7 (92.8, 124.6) 121.6 (102.2, 141.0)
Unadjusted change 25.0 (-3.6, 53.6) -14.8 (-31.8, 2.2) -20.7 (-36.4, -5.1) ‡ -0.2 (-19.3, 18.8)
Adjusted change † 13.5 (-6.5, 33.4) -10.3 (-29.0, 8.4) -18.1 (-36.7, 0.6) -4.3 (-24.6, 16.0)
HDL cholesterol     
Initial 48.4 (43.9, 52.8) 48.1 (44.3, 51.8) 43.1 (39.3, 47.0) 47.5 (42.4, 52.6)
Final 47.0 (42.4, 51.6) 48.5 (44.8, 52.2) 49.7 (46.5, 53.0) 44.8 (40.5, 49.1)
Unadjusted change -1.4 (-7.3, 4.6) 0.4 (-4.6, 5.5) 6.6 (2.2, 11.1) ‡, § -2.7 (-6.5, 1.1)
Adjusted change † -2.2 (-5.7, 1.4) 1.0 (-2.4, 4.3) 1.7 (-1.7, 5.1) -3.0 (-6.7, 0.7)
LDL cholesterol     
Initial 122.6 (111.0, 134.3) 123.6 (112.2, 135.1) 114.1 (104.9, 123.4) 116.7 (106.7, 126.8)
Final 137.1 (123.5, 150.6) 125.2 (112.9, 137.5) 112.3 (101.3, 123.2) 125.4 (114.4, 136.4)
Unadjusted change 14.4 (1.0, 27.8) ‡ 1.6 (-11.8, 14.9) -1.9 (-15.7, 12.0) 8.7 (-5.0, 22.3)
Adjusted change † 19.3 (7.3, 31.3) 9.2 (-2.3, 20.7) 1.8 (-10.0, 13.5) 8.0 (-4.8, 20.8)
VLDL cholesterol     
Initial 21.9 (18.6, 25.2) 26.8 (23.6, 30.0) 25.7 (22.6, 28.9) 24.4 (21.3, 27.4)
Final 26.9 (22.0, 31.9) 23.9 (20.6, 27.2) 21.9 (18.8, 25.1) 24.3 (20.5, 28.2)
Unadjusted change 5.0 (-0.7, 10.7) -3.0 (-6.4, 0.5) -3.8 (-6.9, -0.6) ‡ -0.04 (-3.9, 3.8)
Adjusted change † 2.6 (-1.4, 6.6) -2.0 (-5.8, 1.7) -3.3 (-7.0, 0.4) -0.8 (-4.9, 3.2)
  1. * Values are means (95% CI) in mg/dL.
  2. † Estimated mean change adjusted for initial value, gender, school random effect and significant interactions.
  3. ‡ Difference between initial and final significant at p < 0.05 in paired T-test.
  4. § Change in group with 1 dose of RTEC + Nutrition education guide is different to change in group with 1 dose of RTEC and to the control group at p < 0.01 in ANOVA.