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Table 1 Comparison of the two dietary treatments, control diet and RESMENA diet

From: A decline in inflammation is associated with less depressive symptoms after a dietary intervention in metabolic syndrome patients: a longitudinal study

  Control group (n = 32) RESMENA group (n = 28) Pvalue
Dietary intake Baseline 6 months Baseline 6 months  
Total energy intake, Kcal/d 2108 ± 69 1535 ± 54* 2279 ± 99 1573 ± 72* 0.105
Proteins, g/d 95.9 ± 3.5 66.9 ± 3.4* 95.6 ± 3.4 79.3 ± 3.4* 0.012
Carbohydrates, g /d 187.3 ± 9.8 142.6 ± 8.1* 196.4 ± 11.5 138.9 ± 6.2* 0.579
Lipids, g/d 94.7 ± 4.3 69.1 ± 2.9* 108.7 ± 5.9 67.0 ± 3.8* 0.026
Fiber, g/d 21.4 ± 1.8 17.8 ± 1.7 22.6 ± 1.1 19.4 ± 1.2 0.748
Glycemic load 106.6 ± 8.6 72.8 ± 5.8* 112.1 ± 7.4 69.7 ± 5.1* 0.491
ω3 PUFAs , g/d 0.28 ± 0.01 0.28 ± 0.02 0.35 ± 0.16 0.08 ± 0.02* 0.002
Meal frequency, meals/d 4.6 ± 0.1 4.5 ± 0.1 5.5 ± 0.2 5.9 ± 0.2 0.100
  1. Data are mean ± SEM, n = 60. *Different from baseline in each dietary group, P <0.05; P value: comparison between dietary group differences (6 months-baseline). Abbreviations: ω3 PUFAs, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.