Marketdata Enterprises: The U.S. Weight Loss & Diet Control Market (10th Edition). Lynbrook. 2009
Monteath SA, McCabe MP: The influence of societal factors on female body image. J Soc Psychol. 1997, 137: 708-727. 10.1080/00224549709595493.
Neumark-Sztainer D, Rock CL, Thornquist MD, Cheskin LJ, Neuhouser ML, Barnett MJ: Weight-control behaviors among adults and adolescents: Associations with dietary intake. Prev Med. 2000, 30: 381-391. 10.1006/pmed.2000.0653.
Jeffery RW, Adlis SA, Forster JL: Prevalence of dieting among working men and women: The Healthy Worker Project. Health Psychol. 1991, 10: 274-281. 10.1037/0278-6220.127.116.114.
Mann T, Tomiyama AJ, Westling E, Lew AM, Samuels B, Chatman J: Medicare's Search for Effective Obesity Treatments: Diets Are Not the Answer. Am Psychol. 2007, 62: 220-233. 10.1037/0003-066X.62.3.220.
Neumark-Sztainer D: Preventing obesity and eating disorders in adolescents: what can health care providers do?. J Adolesc Health. 2009, 44: 206-213. 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2008.11.005.
Daníelsdóttir S, Burgard D, Oliver-Pyatt W: AED Guidelines for Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs. 2009, Academy of Eating Disorders
Bacon L: Health at Every Size: The Surprising Truth About Your Weight. 2010, Dallas: BenBella Books, Second
Schmidt H, Voigt K, Wikler D: Carrots, Sticks, and Health Care Reform -- Problems with Wellness Incentives. N Engl J Med. 2009, 362: e3-
Medical News Today: Eating Disorder Organizations Join Forces To Urge Focus On Health And Lifestyle Rather Than Weight. 2009
Bacon L, Stern J, Van Loan M, Keim N: Size acceptance and intuitive eating improve health for obese, female chronic dieters. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005, 105: 929-936. 10.1016/j.jada.2005.03.011.
Ciliska D: Evaluation of two nondieting interventions for obese women. West J Nurs Res. 1998, 20: 119-135. 10.1177/019394599802000108.
Goodrick GK, Poston WSC, Kimball KT, Reeves RS, Foreyt JP: Nondieting versus dieting treatment for overweight binge-eating women. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1998, 66: 363-368. 10.1037/0022-006X.66.2.363.
Tanco S, Linden W, Earle T: Well-being and morbid obesity in women: A controlled therapy evaluation. Int J Eat Disord. 1998, 23: 325-339. 10.1002/(SICI)1098-108X(199804)23:3<325::AID-EAT10>3.0.CO;2-X.
Miller WC, Wallace JP, Eggert KE, Lindeman AK: Cardiovascular risk reduction in a self-taught, self-administered weight loss program called the nondiet diet. Med Exerc Nutr Health. 1993, 2: 218-223.
Rapoport L, Clark M, Wardle J: Evaluation of a modified cognitive-behavioural programme for weight management. Int J Obes. 2000, 24: 1726-1737. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0801465.
Provencher V, Begin C, Tremblay A, Mongeau L, Corneau L, Dodin S, Boivin S, Lemieux S: Health-at-every-size and eating behaviors: 1-year follow-up results of a size acceptance intervention. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009, 109: 1854-1861. 10.1016/j.jada.2009.08.017.
Mensinger J, Close H, Ku J: Intuitive eating: A novel health promotion strategy for obese women. Paper presented at American Public Health Association. Philadelphia, PA. 2009
Bacon L, Keim N, Van Loan M, Derricote M, Gale B, Kazaks A, Stern J: Evaluating a "Non-diet" Wellness Intervention for Improvement of Metabolic Fitness, Psychological Well-Being and Eating and Activity Behaviors. Int J Obes. 2002, 26: 854-865. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802012.
Provencher V, Bégin C, Tremblay A, Mongeau L, Boivin S, Lemieux S: Short-term effects of a "health-at-every-size" approach on eating behaviors and appetite ratings. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007, 15: 957-966. 10.1038/oby.2007.638.
Steinhardt M, Bezner J, Adams T: Outcomes of a traditional weight control program and a nondiet alternative: a one-year comparison. J Psychol. 1999, 133: 495-513. 10.1080/00223989909599758.
Carrier KM, Steinhardt MA, Bowman S: Rethinking traditional weight management programs: A 3-year follow-up evaluation of a new approach. J Psychol. 1993, 128: 517-535.
Omichinski L, Harrison KR: Reduction of dieting attitudes and practices after participation in a non-diet lifestyle program. J Can Diet Assoc. 1995, 56: 81-85.
Polivy J, Herman CP: Undieting: A program to help people stop dieting. Int J Eat Disord. 1992, 11: 261-268. 10.1002/1098-108X(199204)11:3<261::AID-EAT2260110309>3.0.CO;2-F.
Roughan P, Seddon E, Vernon-Roberts J: Long-term effects of a psychologically based group programme for women preoccupied with body weight and eating behaviour. Int J Obes. 1990, 14: 135-147.
Higgins L, Gray W: Changing the body image concern and eating behaviour of chronic dieters: the effects of a psychoeducational intervention. Psychol and Health. 1998, 13: 1045-1060. 10.1080/08870449808407449.
Miller WC: How effective are traditional dietary and exercise interventions for weight loss?. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999, 31: 1129-1134. 10.1097/00005768-199908000-00008.
National Institutes of Health (NIH): Methods for voluntary weight loss and control (Technology Assessment Conference Panel). Ann Intern Med. 1992, 116: 942-949.
Gregg EW, Gerzoff RB, Thompson TJ, Williamson DF: Intentional weight loss and death in overweight and obese U.S. adults 35 years of age and older. Ann Intern Med. 2003, 138: 383-389.
Wamala S, Lynch J, Horsten M: Education and the Metabolic Syndrome in Women. Diabetes Care. 1999, 22: 1999-2003. 10.2337/diacare.22.12.1999.
Aphramor L: Validity of claims made in weight management research: a narrative review of dietetic articles. Nutr J. 2010, 9: 30-10.1186/1475-2891-9-30.
Flegal KM, Graubard BI, Williamson DF, Gail MH: Excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity. JAMA. 2005, 293: 1861-1867. 10.1001/jama.293.15.1861.
Durazo-Arvizu R, McGee D, Cooper R, Liao Y, Luke A: Mortality and optimal body mass index in a sample of the US population. Am J Epidemiol. 1998, 147: 739-749.
Troiano R, Frongillo E, Sobal J, Levitsky D: The relationship between body weight and mortality: A quantitative analysis of combined information from existing studies. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1996, 20: 63-75.
Flegal K, Graubard B, Williamson D, Gail M: Supplement: Response to "Can Fat Be Fit". Sci Am. 2008, 297: 5-6.
McGee DL: Body mass index and mortality: a meta-analysis based on person-level data from twenty-six observational studies. Ann Epidemiol. 2005, 15: 87-97. 10.1016/j.annepidem.2004.05.012.
Janssen I, Mark AE: Elevated body mass index and mortality risk in the elderly. Obes Rev. 2007, 8: 41-59. 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2006.00248.x.
Lantz PM, Golberstein E, House JS, Morenoff J: Socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors for mortality in a national 19-year prospective study of U.S. adults. Soc Sci Med. 2010, 70: 1558-1566. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.003.
Berrington de Gonzalez A, Hartge P, Cerhan JR, Flint AJ, Hannan L, MacInnis RJ, Moore SC, Tobias GS, Anton-Culver H, Freeman LB, et al: Body-mass index and mortality among 1.46 million white adults. N Engl J Med. 2010, 363: 2211-2219. 10.1056/NEJMoa1000367.
Childers D, Allison D: The 'obesity paradox': a parsimonious explanation for relations among obesity, mortality rate and aging?. Int J Obes (Lond). 2010, 34: 1231-1238. 10.1038/ijo.2010.71.
Morse S, Gulati R, Reisin E: The obesity paradox and cardiovascular disease. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2010, 12: 120-126. 10.1007/s11906-010-0099-1.
Ross C, Langer RD, Barrett-Connor E: Given diabetes, is fat better than thin?. Diabetes Care. 1997, 20: 650-652. 10.2337/diacare.20.4.650.
Barrett-Connor E, Khaw K: Is hypertension more benign when associated with obesity?. Circulation. 1985, 72: 53-60.
Barrett-Connor EL: Obesity, atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. Ann Intern Med. 1985, 103: 1010-1019.
Kang X, Shaw LJ, Hayes SW, Hachamovitch R, Abidov A, Cohen I, Friedman JD, Thomson LE, Polk D, Germano G, Berman DS: Impact of body mass index on cardiac mortality in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease undergoing myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006, 47: 1418-1426. 10.1016/j.jacc.2005.11.062.
Beddhu S: The body mass index paradox and an obesity, inflammation, and atherosclerosis syndrome in chronic kidney disease. Seminars in Dialysis. 2004, 17: 229-232. 10.1111/j.0894-0959.2004.17311.x.
Ernsberger P, Haskew P: Health implications of obesity: An alternative view. J of Obesity and Weight Regulation. 1987, 9: 39-40.
Ernsberger P, Koletsky RJ: Biomedical rationale for a wellness approach to obesity: An alternative to a focus on weight loss. J Soc Issues. 1999, 55: 221-260. 10.1111/0022-4537.00114.
Lavie CJ, Milani RV, Ventura HO: Obesity, heart disease, and favorable prognosis--truth or paradox?. Am J Med. 2007, 120: 825-826. 10.1016/j.amjmed.2007.06.023.
Gruberg L, Mercado N, Milo S, Boersma E, Disco C, van Es GA, Lemos PA, Ben Tzvi M, Wijns W, Unger F, et al: Impact of body mass index on the outcome of patients with multivessel disease randomized to either coronary artery bypass grafting or stenting in the ARTS trial: The obesity paradox II?. Am J Cardiol. 2005, 95: 439-444. 10.1016/j.amjcard.2004.10.007.
Lavie CJ, Osman AF, Milani RV, Mehra MR: Body composition and prognosis in chronic systolic heart failure: the obesity paradox. Am J Cardiol. 2003, 91: 891-894. 10.1016/S0002-9149(03)00031-6.
Schmidt DS, Salahudeen AK: Obesity-survival paradox-still a controversy?. Semin Dial. 2007, 20: 486-492. 10.1111/j.1525-139X.2007.00349.x.
Kulminski AM, Arbeev KG, Kulminskaya IV, Ukraintseva SV, Land K, Akushevich I, Yashin AI: Body mass index and nine-year mortality in disabled and nondisabled older U.S. individuals. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008, 56: 105-110. 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01494.x.
Olshansky SJ, Passaro DJ, Hershow RC, Layden J, Carnes BA, Brody J, Hayflick L, Butler RN, Allison DB, Ludwig DS: A potential decline in life expectancy in the United States in the 21st century. N Engl J Med. 2005, 352: 1138-1145. 10.1056/NEJMsr043743.
Belluck P: Children's Life Expectancy Being Cut Short by Obesity. 2005, New York Times. New York City
Carmona R: Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Competition, Infrastructure, and Foreign Commerce Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. United States Senate. 2004
White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity: Solving the Problem of Childhood Obesity Within a Generation. Report to the White House. 2010
National Center for Health Statistics: Health, United States, 2007. With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans. Hyattsville, MD. 2007
Mathers C, Loncar D: Projections of Global Mortality and Burden of Disease from 2002 to 2030. PLoS Med. 2006, 3: 2011-2029. 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030442.
Social Security Administration: Periodic Life Table. 2007, (updated 7/9/07)
Campos P, Saguy A, Ernsberger P, Oliver E, Gaesser G: The epidemiology of overweight and obesity: public health crisis or moral panic?. Int J Epidemiol. 2005, 35: 55-60. 10.1093/ije/dyi254.
Kruger J, Galuska DA, Serdula MK, Jones DA: Attempting to lose weight: specific practices among U.S. adults. Am J Prev Med. 2004, 26: 402-406. 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.02.001.
Strohacker K, McFarlin B: Influence of obesity, physical inactivity, and weight cycling on chronic inflammation. Front Biosci. 2010, E2: 98-104. 10.2741/e70.
Montani JP, Viecelli AK, Prevot A, Dulloo AG: Weight cycling during growth and beyond as a risk factor for later cardiovascular diseases: the 'repeated overshoot' theory. Int J Obes (Lond). 2006, 30 (Suppl 4): S58-66. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803520.
Olson MB, Kelsey SF, Bittner V, Reis SE, Reichek N, Handberg EM, Merz CN: Weight cycling and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in women: evidence of an adverse effect: a report from the NHLBI-sponsored WISE study. Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation Study Group. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000, 36: 1565-1571. 10.1016/S0735-1097(00)00901-3.
French SA, Jeffrey RW, Forster JL, McGovern PG, Kelder SH, Baxter J: Predictors of weight change over two years among a population of working adults: The Healthy Worker Project. Int J Obes. 1994, 18: 145-154.
Guagnano MT, Pace-Palitti V, Carrabs C, Merlitti D, Sensi S: Weight fluctuations could increase blood pressure in android obese women. Clinical Sciences (London). 1999, 96: 677-680. 10.1042/CS19990050.
Rzehak P, Meisinger C, Woelke G, Brasche S, Strube G, Heinrich J: Weight change, weight cycling and mortality in the ERFORT Male Cohort Study. Eur J Epidemiol. 2007, 22: 665-673. 10.1007/s10654-007-9167-5.
Lissner L, Odell PM, D'Agostino RB, Stokes J, Kreger BE, Belanger AJ, Brownell KD: Variability of body weight and health outcomes in the Framingham population. N Engl J Med. 1991, 324: 1839-1844. 10.1056/NEJM199106273242602.
Diaz VA, Mainous AG, Everett CJ: The association between weight fluctuation and mortality: results from a population-based cohort study. J Community Health. 2005, 30: 153-165. 10.1007/s10900-004-1955-1.
McDermott R: Ethics, Epidemiology, and the Thrifty Gene: Biological Determinism as a Health Hazard. Soc Sci Med. 1998, 47: 1189-1195. 10.1016/S0277-9536(98)00191-9.
Brunner E, Marmot M: Social Organization, Stress, and Health. Social Determinants of Health. Edited by: Marmot M, Wilkinson RG. 2006, New York: Oxford University Press, 17-43. 2
Raphael D, Lines E, Bryant T, Daiski I, Pilkington B, Dinca-Panaitescu S, Dinca-Panaitescu M: Type 2 Diabetes: Poverty, Priorities and Policy. The Social Determinants of the Incidence and Management of Type 2 Diabetes. 2010, Toronto: York University School of Health Policy and Management and School of Nursing
Charles MA, Pettitt DJ, Saad MF, Nelson RG, Bennett PH, Knowler WC: Development of impaired glucose tolerance with or without weight gain. Diabetes Care. 1993, 16: 593-596. 10.2337/diacare.16.4.593.
Odeleye OE, de Courten M, Pettitt DJ, Ravussin E: Fasting hyperinsulinemia is a predictor of increased body weight gain and obesity in Pima Indian children. Diabetes. 1997, 46: 1341-1345. 10.2337/diabetes.46.8.1341.
Sigal RJ, El-Hashimy M, Martin BC, Soeldner JS, Krolewski AS, Warram JH: Acute postchallenge hyperinsulinemia predicts weight gain: a prospective study. Diabetes. 1997, 46: 1025-1029. 10.2337/diabetes.46.6.1025.
Yost TJ, Jensen DR, Eckel RH: Weight regain following sustained weight reduction is predicted by relative insulin sensitivity. Obes Res. 1995, 3: 583-587.
Halberg N, Henriksen M, Söderhamn N, Stallknecht B, Ploug T, Schjerling P, Dela F: Effect of intermittent fasting and refeeding on insulin action in healthy men. J Appl Physiol. 2005, 99: 2128-2136. 10.1152/japplphysiol.00683.2005.
Akram DS, Astrup AV, Atinmo T, Boisson JL, Bray GA, Carroll KK, Chunming C, Chitson P, Dietz WH, Hill JO, et al: Obesity: Preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation on obesity. 1997, Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization
Weinsier RL, Norris DJ, Birch R, Bernstein RS, Wang J, Yang MU, Pierson RN, Van Itallie TB: The relative contribution of body fat and fat pattern to blood pressure level. Hypertension. 1985, 7: 578-585.
Ernsberger P, Nelson DO: Effects of fasting and refeeding on blood pressure are determined by nutritional state, not by body weight change. Am J Hypertens. 1988, 153S-157S.
Schulz M, Liese A, Boeing H, Cunningham J, Moore C, Kroke A: Associations of short-term weight changes and weight cycling with incidence of essential hypertension in the EPIC-Potsdam Study. J Hum Hypertens. 2005, 19: 61-67. 10.1038/sj.jhh.1001776.
Ernsberger P, Koletsky RJ, Baskin JZ, Collins LA: Consequences of weight cycling in obese spontaneously hypertensive rats. Am J Physiol. 1996, 270: R864-R872.
Ernsberger P, Koletsky RJ, Baskin JZ, Foley M: Refeeding hypertension in obese spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hypertension. 1994, 24: 699-705.
Chernin K: The Obsession: Reflections on the tyranny of slenderness. 1981, New York: Harper & Row
Cambien F, Chretien J, Ducimetiere L, Guize L, Richard J: Is the relationship between blood pressure and cardiovascular risk dependent on body mass index?. Am J Epidemiol. 1985, 122: 434-442.
Weinsier R, James L, Darnell B, Dustan H, Birch R, Hunter G: Body fat: Its relationship to coronary heart disease, blood pressure, lipids, and other risk factors measured in a large male population. Am J Med. 1976, 61: 815-824. 10.1016/0002-9343(76)90405-8.
Uretsky S, Messerli FH, Bangalore S, Champion A, Cooper-Dehoff RM, Zhou Q, Pepine CJ: Obesity paradox in patients with hypertension and coronary artery disease. Am J Med. 2007, 120: 863-870. 10.1016/j.amjmed.2007.05.011.
Messerli FH: Cardiovascular adaptations to obesity and arterial hypertension: detrimental or beneficial?. Int J Cardiol. 1983, 3: 94-97. 10.1016/0167-5273(83)90069-4.
Gregg EW, Cheng YJ, Cadwell BL, Imperatore G, Williams DE, Flegal KM, Narayan KM, Williamson DF: Secular trends in cardiovascular disease risk factors according to body mass index in US adults. JAMA. 2005, 293: 1868-1874. 10.1001/jama.293.15.1868.
Williamson DF, Pamuk E, Thun M, Flanders D, Byers T, Heath C: Prospective study of intentional weight loss and mortality in never-smoking overweight U.S. white women aged 40-64 years. Am J Epidemiol. 1995, 141: 1128-1141.
Williamson DF, Pamuk E, Thun M, Flanders D, Byers T, Heath C: Prospective study of intentional weight loss and mortality in overweight white men aged 40-64 years. Am J Epidemiol. 1999, 149: 491-503.
Andres R, Muller DC, Sorkin JD: Long-term effects of change in body weight on all-cause mortality. A review. Ann Intern Med. 1993, 119: 737-743.
Yaari S, Goldbourt U: Voluntary and involuntary weight loss: associations with long term mortality in 9,228 middle-aged and elderly men. Am J Epidemiol. 1998, 148: 546-555.
Sørensen T, Rissanen A, Korkeila M, Kaprio J: Intention to lose weight, weight changes, and 18-y mortality in overweight individuals without co- morbidities. PLoS Med. 2005, 2: E171-
Simonsen MK, Hundrup YA, Obel EB, Gronbaek M, Heitmann BL: Intentional weight loss and mortality among initially healthy men and women. Nutr Rev. 2008, 66: 375-386. 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2008.00047.x.
Ingram DD, Mussolino ME: Weight loss from maximum body weight and mortality: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Linked Mortality File. Int J Obes. 2010, 34: 1044-1050. 10.1038/ijo.2010.41.
Klein S, Fontana L, Young VL, Coggan AR, Kilo C, Patterson BW, Mohammed BS: Absence of an effect of liposuction on insulin action and risk factors for coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med. 2004, 350: 2549-2557. 10.1056/NEJMoa033179.
Manning RM, Jung RT, Leese GP, Newton RW: The comparison of four weight reduction strategies aimed at overweight patients with diabetes mellitus: four-year follow-up. Diabet Med. 1998, 15: 497-502. 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9136(199806)15:6<497::AID-DIA599>3.0.CO;2-W.
Wing RR, Anglin K: Effectiveness of a behavioral weight control program for blacks and whites with NIDDM. Diabetes Care. 1996, 19: 409-413. 10.2337/diacare.19.5.409.
Ciliska D, Kelly C, Petrov N, Chalmers J: A review of weight loss interventions for obese people with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Can J of Diabetes Care. 1995, 19: 10-15.
Howard BV, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Beresford SA, Frank G, Jones B, Rodabough RJ, Snetselaar L, Thomson C, Tinker L, et al: Low-fat dietary pattern and weight change over 7 years: the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006, 295: 39-49. 10.1001/jama.295.1.39.
Howard BV, Van Horn L, Hsia J, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Kuller LH, LaCroix AZ, Langer RD, Lasser NL, et al: Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006, 295: 655-666. 10.1001/jama.295.6.655.
Aphramor L: Is A Weight-Centred Health Framework Salutogenic? Some Thoughts on Unhinging Certain Dietary Ideologies. Social Theory and Health. 2005, 3: 315-340. 10.1057/palgrave.sth.8700059.
Aphramor L: Weight management as a cardioprotective intervention raises issues for nutritional scientists regarding clinical ethics. Proc Nut Soc. 2009, 67: E401-10.1017/S002966510800075X.
Sjostrom L, Lindroos AK, Peltonen M, Torgerson J, Bouchard C, Carlsson B, Dahlgren S, Larsson B, Narbro K, Sjostrom CD, et al: Lifestyle, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk factors 10 years after bariatric surgery. N Engl J Med. 2004, 351: 2683-2693. 10.1056/NEJMoa035622.
Christou NV, Look D, Maclean LD: Weight gain after short- and long-limb gastric bypass in patients followed for longer than 10 years. Ann Surg. 2006, 244: 734-740. 10.1097/01.sla.0000217592.04061.d5.
Bacon L, Stern JS, Keim NL, Van Loan MD: Low bone mass in premenopausal chronic dieting obese women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004, 58: 966-971. 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601922.
Van Loan MD, Keim NL: Influence of cognitive eating restraint on total-body measurements of bone mineral density and bone mineral content in premenopausal women 18-45 y: a cross-sectional study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000, 72: 837-843.
Van Loan MD, Bachrach LK, Wang MC, Crawford PB: Effect of drive for thinness during adolescence on adult bone mass. J Bone Miner Res. 2000, 15: S412-
Barr SI, Prior JC, Vigna YM: Restrained eating and ovulatory disturbances: Possible implications for bone health. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994, 59: 92-97.
Tomiyama AJ, Mann T, Vinas D, Hunger JM, Dejager J, Taylor SE: Low calorie dieting increases cortisol. Psychosom Med. 2010, 72: 357-364. 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181d9523c.
Lee DH, Lee IK, Song K, Steffes M, Toscano W, Baker BA, Jacobs DR: A strong dose-response relation between serum concentrations of persistent organic pollutants and diabetes: results from the National Health and Examination Survey 1999-2002. Diabetes Care. 2006, 29: 1638-1644. 10.2337/dc06-0543.
Carpenter DO: Environmental contaminants as risk factors for developing diabetes. Rev Environ Health. 2008, 23: 59-74.
Ha MH, Lee DH, Jacobs DR: Association between serum concentrations of persistent organic pollutants and self-reported cardiovascular disease prevalence: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2002. Environ Health Perspect. 2007, 115: 1204-1209. 10.1289/ehp.10184.
Lee DH, Steffes M, Jacobs DR: Positive associations of serum concentration of polychlorinated biphenyls or organochlorine pesticides with self-reported arthritis, especially rheumatoid type, in women. Environ Health Perspect. 2007, 115: 883-888. 10.1289/ehp.9887.
Chevrier J, Dewailly E, Ayotte P, Mauriege P, Despres JP, Tremblay A: Body weight loss increases plasma and adipose tissue concentrations of potentially toxic pollutants in obese individuals. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000, 24: 1272-1278. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0801380.
Lim JS, Son HK, Park SK, Jacobs DR, Lee DH: Inverse associations between long-term weight change and serum concentrations of persistent organic pollutants. Int J Obes (Lond). 2010.
Davison KK, Markey CN, Birch LL: A longitudinal examination of patterns in girls' weight concerns and body dissatisfaction from ages 5 to 9 years. Int J Eat Disord. 2003, 33: 320-332. 10.1002/eat.10142.
Holm S: Obesity interventions and ethics. Obes Rev. 2007, 8 (Suppl 1): 207-210. 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00343.x.
Neumark-Sztainer D, Levine MP, Paxton SJ, Smolak L, Piran N, Wertheim EH: Prevention of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating: What next?. Eat Disord. 2006, 14: 265-285. 10.1080/10640260600796184.
van den Berg P, Neumark-Sztainer D: Fat 'n happy 5 years later: is it bad for overweight girls to like their bodies?. J Adolesc Health. 2007, 41: 415-417. 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.06.001.
Stice E, Cameron RP, Killen JD, Hayward C, Taylor CB: Naturalistic weight-reduction efforts prospectively predict growth in relative weight and onset of obesity among female adolescents. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1999, 67: 967-974. 10.1037/0022-006X.67.6.967.
Coakley EH, Rimm EB, Colditz G, Kawachi I, Willett W: Predictors of weight change in men: Results from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1998, 22: 89-96. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0800549.
Bild DE, Sholinksy P, Smith DE, Lewis CE, Hardin JM, Burke GL: Correlates and predictors of weight loss in young adults: The CARDIA study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1996, 20: 47-55.
Korkeila M, Rissanen A, Kapriio J, Sorensen TIA, Koskenvuo M: Weight-loss attempts and risk of major weight gain. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999, 70: 965-973.
Neumark-Sztainer D, Wall M, Guo J, Story M, Haines J, Eisenberg M: Obesity, disordered eating, and eating disorders in a longitudinal study of adolescents: how do dieters fare 5 years later?. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006, 106: 559-568. 10.1016/j.jada.2006.01.003.
Field AE, Austin SB, Taylor CB, Malspeis S, Rosner B, Rockett HR, Gillman MW, Colditz GA: Relation between dieting and weight change among preadolescents and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2003, 112: 900-906. 10.1542/peds.112.4.900.
Puhl RM, Andreyeva T, Brownell KD: Perceptions of weight discrimination: prevalence and comparison to race and gender discrimination in America. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008, 32: 992-1000. 10.1038/ijo.2008.22.
Brownell K, Puhl R, Schwartz M, Rudd LE: Weight bias: Nature, consequences, and remedies. 2005, New York: Guilford
Puhl RM, Brownell KD: Confronting and coping with weight stigma: an investigation of overweight and obese adults. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006, 14: 1802-1815. 10.1038/oby.2006.208.
Haines J, Neumark-Sztainer D, Eisenberg ME, Hannan PJ: Weight teasing and disordered eating behaviors in adolescents: longitudinal findings from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens). Pediatrics. 2006, 117: e209-215. 10.1542/peds.2005-1242.
Neumark-Sztainer D, Falkner N, Story M, Perry C, Hannan PJ, Mulert S: Weight-teasing among adolescents: correlations with weight status and disordered eating behaviors. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002, 26: 123-131. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0801853.
Puhl RM, Moss-Racusin CA, Schwartz MB: Internalization of weight bias: Implications for binge eating and emotional well-being. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007, 15: 19-23. 10.1038/oby.2007.521.
Faith MS, Leone MA, Ayers TS, Heo M, Pietrobelli A: Weight criticism during physical activity, coping skills, and reported physical activity in children. Pediatrics. 2002, 110: e23-10.1542/peds.110.2.e23.
Storch EA, Milsom VA, Debraganza N, Lewin AB, Geffken GR, Silverstein JH: Peer victimization, psychosocial adjustment, and physical activity in overweight and at-risk-for-overweight youth. J Pediatr Psychol. 2007, 32: 80-89. 10.1093/jpepsy/jsj113.
Vartanian LR, Shaprow JG: Effects of weight stigma on exercise motivation and behavior: a preliminary investigation among college-aged females. J Health Psychol. 2008, 13: 131-138. 10.1177/1359105307084318.
Amy N, Aalborg A, Lyons P, Keranen L: Barriers to routine gynecological cancer screening for White and African-American obese women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2006, 30: 147-155. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803105.
Puhl R, Brownell K: Bias, discrimination and obesity. Obes Res. 2001, 9: 788-805. 10.1038/oby.2001.108.
Puhl RM, Heuer CA: The stigma of obesity: a review and update. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009, 17: 941-964. 10.1038/oby.2008.636.
Fagard RH: Physical activity in the prevention and treatment of hypertension in the obese. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999, 31: S624-630. 10.1097/00005768-199911001-00022.
Appel LJ, Moore TJ, Obarzanek E, Vollmer WM, Svetkey LP, Sacks FM, Bray GA, Vogt TM, Cutler JA, Windhauser MM, et al: A clinical trial of the effects of dietary patterns on blood pressure. N Engl J Med. 1997, 33: 1117-1124. 10.1056/NEJM199704173361601.
Gaesser GA: Exercise for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Curr Diab Rep. 2007, 7: 14-19. 10.1007/s11892-007-0004-8.
Kraus WE, Houmard JA, Duscha BD, Knetzger KJ, Wharton MB, McCartney JS, Bales CW, Henes S, Samsa GP, Otvos JD, et al: Effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on plasma lipoproteins. N Engl J Med. 2002, 347: 1483-1492. 10.1056/NEJMoa020194.
Lamarche B, Despres JP, Pouliot MC, Moorjani S, Lupien PJ, Theriault G, Tremblay A, Nadeau A, Bouchard C: Is body fat loss a determinant factor in the improvement of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism following aerobic exercise training in obese women?. Metabolism. 1992, 41: 1249-1256. 10.1016/0026-0495(92)90017-5.
Bjorntorp P, DeJounge K, Sjostrom L, Sullivan L: The effect of physical training on insulin production in obesity. Metabolism. 1970, 19: 631-638. 10.1016/0026-0495(70)90020-X.
Finkelstein EA, Trogdon JG, Cohen JW, Dietz W: Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: payer-and service-specific estimates. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009, 28: w822-831. 10.1377/hlthaff.28.5.w822.
Wildman RP, Muntner P, Reynolds K, McGinn AP, Rajpathak S, Wylie-Rosett J, Sowers MR: The obese without cardiometabolic risk factor clustering and the normal weight with cardiometabolic risk factor clustering: prevalence and correlates of 2 phenotypes among the US population (NHANES 1999-2004). Arch Intern Med. 2008, 168: 1617-1624. 10.1001/archinte.168.15.1617.
Beaglehole R, Prior IA, Foulkes MA, Eyles EF: Death in the South Pacific. N Z Med J. 1980, 91: 375-378.
Crister G: Fat Land: How Americans Became the Fattest People in the World. 2004, New York: Houghton Mifflin
Heinberg L, Matzon J: Body image dissatisfaction as a motivator for healthy lifestyle change: Is some distress beneficial?. Eating disorders: Innovative directions for research and practice. Edited by: Striegel-Moore R, Smolak L. 2001, Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 215-232.
Puhl R, Heuer C: Obesity Stigma: Important Considerations for Public Health. Am J Public Health. 2010, 100: 1019-1028. 10.2105/AJPH.2009.159491.
Leary MR, Tate EB, Adams CE, Allen AB, Hancock J: Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007, 92: 887-904. 10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1687.
Goss K, Allen S: Compassion focused therapy for eating disorders. Int J of Cognitive Therapy. 2010, 3: 141-158. 10.1521/ijct.2010.3.2.141.
Aphramor L, Gingras J: That remains to be seen: Disappeared feminist discourses on fat in dietetic theory and practice. The Fat Studies Reader. Edited by: Rothblum E, Solovay S. 2009, New York: New York University Press, 97-105.
Tribole E, Resch E: Intuitive eating: a revolutionary program that works. 2010, New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 2
Hirschmann JR, Munter CH: When women stop hating their bodies: freeing yourself from food and weight obsession. 1995, New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1
Matz J, Frankel E: The Diet Survivor's Handbook: 60 Lessons in Eating, Acceptance and Self-care. 2006, Naperville, IL: Sourcebooks
May M: Eat What You Love, Love What You Eat: How to Break Your Eat-Repent-Repeat Cycle. 2009, Greenleaf Book Group Press
Satter E: Secrets of Feeding a Healthy Family: How to Eat, How to Raise Good Eaters and How to Cook. 2008, Madison, WI: Kelcy Press
Cole R, Horacek T: Effectiveness of the "My Body Knows When" intuitive-eating pilot program. Am J Health Behav. 2010, 34: 286-297.
Smith T, Hawks S: Intuitive eating, diet composition and the meaning of food in healthy weight promotion. Am J Health Educ. 2006, 37: 130-136.
Tylka T: Development and psychometric evaluation of a measure of intuitive eating. J Couns Psychol. 2006, 53: 226-240. 10.1037/0022-022.214.171.124.
Kristeller J, Hallett C: An exploratory study of a meditation-based intervention for binge eating disorder. J Health Psychol. 1999, 4: 357-363. 10.1177/135910539900400305.
Smitham L: Evaluating an intuitive eating program for binge eating disorder: A benchmarking study [dissertation]. 2008, South Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame
Hawks S, Madanat H, Hawks J, Harris A: The relationship between intuitive eating and health indicators among college women. Am J Health Educ. 2005, 36: 331-336.
Weigensberg M, Shoar Z, Lane C, Spruijt-Metz D: Intuitive eating (IE) Is associated with decreased adiposity and increased insulin sensitivity (Si) in obese Latina female adolescents. 2009, DiabetesPro
Aphramor L, Gingras J: Helping People Change: Promoting Politicised Practice in the Healthcare Professions. Debating Obesity: Critical Perspectives. Edited by: Rich E, Monaghan L, Aphramor L. 2010, U.K.: Palgrave/Macmillan
Aphramor L, Gingras J: Weight in Practice, Health in Perspective. Critical Bodies. Edited by: Riley S, Burns M, Frith H, Wiggins S, Markula P. 2007, Palgrave/Macmillan, 155-117.
Bacon L: Reflections on Fat Acceptance: Lessons Learned from Privilege. Keynote Speech, National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance conference; Washington, DC. 2009, [http://www.lindabacon.org/Bacon_ThinPrivilege080109.pdf]
Marmot MG: Status syndrome: a challenge to medicine. JAMA. 2006, 295: 1304-1307. 10.1001/jama.295.11.1304.
Clarke P, O'Malley PM, Johnston LD, Schulenberg JE: Social disparities in BMI trajectories across adulthood by gender, race/ethnicity and lifetime socio-economic position: 1986-2004. Int J Epidemiol. 2009, 38: 499-509. 10.1093/ije/dyn214.
Chandola T, Brunner E, Marmot M: Chronic stress at work and the metabolic syndrome: prospective study. BMJ. 2006, 332: 521-525. 10.1136/bmj.38693.435301.80.
Vitaliano PP, Scanlan JM, Zhang J, Savage MV, Hirsch IB, Siegler IC: A path model of chronic stress, the metabolic syndrome, and coronary heart disease. Psychosom Med. 2002, 64: 418-435.
Raikkonen K, Matthews KA, Kuller LH: The relationship between psychological risk attributes and the metabolic syndrome in healthy women: antecedent or consequence?. Metabolism. 2002, 51: 1573-1577. 10.1053/meta.2002.36301.
Aphramor L: Disability and the Anti-Obesity Offensive. Disability & Society. 2009, 24: 897-909.
Lebesco K: Fat Panic and the New Morality. Against Health: How Health Became the New Morality. Edited by: Metzl J, Kirkland A. 2010, New York: New York University Press, 72-82.
Klein R: What is Health and How Do You Get It?. Against Health: How Health Became the New Morality. Edited by: Metzl J, Kirkland A. 2010, New York: New York University Press, 15-25.