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Table 3 Macronutrient intakes amongst Lebanese infants and young children, by age

From: Food consumption patterns and nutrient intakes of infants and young children amidst the nutrition transition: the case of Lebanon

Age group 0–5.9 months 6–11.9 months 12–23.9 months 24–47.9 months
Nutrient DRI Mean ± SE % > AI DRIa Mean ± SE % < EAR % > AI DRIa Mean ± SE % < EAR or
<AMDR
% > AI % > AMDR DRIa Mean ± SE % < EAR or < AMDR % > AI % > AMDR
AI AI/EAR AI/EAR/AMDR AI/EAR/AMDR
Macronutrients
 Energy (kcal/d) 608.0 ± 14.2 899.1 ± 28.4 1205.6 ± 33.0 1504.1 ± 27.0
 Total Fat (g/d) 31 34.7 ± 0.8 83.5 30 42.1 ± 1.3 77.0 53.1 ± 1.6 65.7 ± 1.5
 Saturated fat (g/d) 13.9 ± 0.3 14.2 ± 0.5 15.7 ± 0.6 21.9 ± 0.6
 Monounsaturated fat(g/d) 12.8 ± 0.3 13.7 ± 0.5 17.7 ± 0.6 23.0 ± 0.6
 Polyunsaturated fat(g/d) 5.7 ± 0.2 8.3 ± 0.4 11.8 ± 0.5 12.7 ± 0.4
 Linoleic acid (g/d) 4.4 4.8 ± 0.2 47.6 4.6 7.6 ± 0.4 72.3 7 11.1 ± 0.5 68.5 7 12.0 ± 0.4 70.0
 Alpha linolenic acid (g/d) 0.5 0.6 ± 0.0 48.5 0.5 0.7 ± 0.0 62.2 0.7 0.8 ± 0.0 53.6 0.7 0.8 ± 0.0 48.6
 Carbohydrate (g/d) 60 64.4 ± 1.8 38.8 95 110.2 ± 3.9 52.1 100 150.0 ± 4.2 21.2 100 182.2 ± 3.5 11.4
 Total Sugar (g/d) 60.7 ± 1.5 69.7 ± 2.4 74.9 ± 2.2 76.8 ± 1.8
 Added sugar (g/d) 0.9 ± 0.3 10.6 ± 1.4 19.5 ± 1.5 34.1 ± 1.6
 Protein (g/d) 1.52 g/Kg 10.9 ± 0.3 68 1 g/Kg/d 21.7 ± 0.9 6.1 0.87 g/Kg 34.8 ± 1.2 1.8 0.87 g/Kg 50.9 ± 1.1 1.3
 Dietary fiber (g/d) 0.2 ± 0.1 4.0 ± 0.3 19 7.7 ± 0.4 3.6 19 11.1 ± 0.3 11.5
As percentage of EI
 Total Fat (%) 51.6 ± 0.5 42.8 ± 0.5 30–40% 39.5 ± 0.5 10.8 46.4 30–40% 38.7 ± 0.4 12.0 43.5
 Saturated fat (%) b 20.8 ± 0.4 14.8 ± 0.4 11.9 ± 0.3 < 8% 13.2 ± 0.3 87.3
 Carbohydrate (%) 42.1 ± 0.4 48.7 ± 0.5 45–65% 50.0 ± 0.5 27.5 5.9 45–65% 48.8 ± 0.5 34.1 3.8
 Total Sugar (%) 40.0 ± 0.3 31.8 ± 0.6 25.6 ± 0.5 21.1 ± 0.4
 Protein (%) 7.2 ± 0.1 9.4 ± 0.2 5–20% 11.5 ± 0.2 0 2.2 5–20% 13.8 ± 0.2 0.5 6.1
  1. Abbreviations: AI Adequate Intake, AMDR Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range, d day, DRI Dietary Reference Intake, EAR Estimated Average Requirement, EI energy intake, g grams, kcal calories, SE standard error, WHO World Health Organization
  2. a DRIs in bold are EARs
  3. b WHO upper limit for saturated fat (8% of energy intake) for children above 2 years of age [32]