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Table 2 Comparison of weight gain from baseline (≤ 14 days of age) to 4 months of age between formula-fed groups

From: Safety and efficacy of a probiotic-containing infant formula supplemented with 2’-fucosyllactose: a double-blind randomized controlled trial

Population Groups Weight gain, g/day LS Mean (SE) Difference between groups
(Experimental-control)a
P-value for non-inferiority
Estimate 95% CI P-value
FAS Experimental (N = 144) 29.15 (0.65) 0.26 -1.26; 1.79 0.736 < 0.001
Control (N = 145) 28.89 (0.71)     
PP Experimental (N = 99) 29.13 (0.70) 0.32 -1.33; 1.96 0.704 < 0.001
Control (N = 85) 28.81 (0.79)     
  1. (LS mean values and standard errors; 95% confidence interval)
  2. CI Confidence interval, FAS Intention-to-treat, PP per protocol, SE Standard Error
  3. a From ANCOVA model with formula group, baseline weight, sex, mode of delivery, and study center as covariates