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Table 3 Median (IQR) daily energy and nutrient intakes of infants and young children (aged 6–23 months) from complementary foods in rural districts of Tigray Region, Ethiopia

From: The influence of fasting on energy and nutrient intake and their corresponding food sources among 6-23 months old children in rural communities with high burden of stunting from Northern Ethiopia

Nutrient Lent Fasting Period (n = 570) Non-Fasting Period (n = 551)
6–8 months
(n = 80)
9–11 months
(n = 101)
12–23 months
(n = 389)
6–8 months
(n = 75)
9–11 months
(n = 96)
12–23 months
(n = 380)
Energy, Kcal 64.3 (24.2113.3) 142.5 (97.5, 199.0) 231 (179.8300.2) 100.3 (73.4149.4) 173.1 (133,229.7) 275.4 (204.7340.3)
Estimated need 202 307 548 202 307 548
Prev. inad 76 (95%) 99 (98%) 386 (99.2%) 70 (93.3%) 88 (91.7%) 380 (100%)
Protein, g 0.1 (0.3,1.7) 2.9 (1.6,4.5) 5.6 (3.9,7.5) 2.4 (1.4,4.1) 4.1 (2.8,6.8) 7.5 (5.5,9.7)
Estimated need 2.0 3.1 5.0 2.0 3.1 5.0
Prev. inad 66 (82.5%) 55 (54.5%) 156 (40.1%) 32 (42.7%) 28 (29.2%) 77 (20.3%)
Calcium (mg) 12 (6.7,23.6) 20 (12.8,38.1) 40.7 (24.7,64.5) 15 (8.1,35.5) 29.4 (20.9488) 44 (31,56.6)
Estimated need 211 228 346 211 228 346
Prev. inad 80 (100%) 101 (100%) 388 (99.7%) 75 (100%) 96 (100%) 380 (100%)
Iron (mg) 2 (0.9,3.0) 3.1 (1.7,4.9) 4.9 (3.2,7.6) 2.3 (1.4,3.5) 3.9 (2.8,6.9) 5.7 (3.9,8)
Estimated need 9 9.1 5.6 9 9.1 5.6
Prev. inad 80 (100%) 95 (94.1%) 223 (57.3%) 72 (96%) 85 (88.4%) 182 (47.9%)
Zinc (mg) 0.25 (0.2,0.5) 0.53 (0.37, 0.95) 1.04 (0.72,1.4) 0.4 (0.3,0.7) 0.81 (0.54,1.1) 1.23 (0.9,1.63)
Estimated need 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.7
Prev. inad 80 (100%) 101 (100%) 389 (100%) 75 (100%) 96 (100%) 380 (100%)
Vitamin A (μg RE) (0.0,0.6) (0.0,1.4) 0.6 (0.0,2.8) 0.4 (0.0,39.4) (0.0,61.1) 2.04 (0.0,61.15)
Estimated need 63.0 92 126 63.0 92 126
Prev. inad 75 (93.8%) 96 (95%) 381 (97.9%) 69 (92%) 91 (94.8%) 359 (94.5%)
Thiamin (mg) 0.03 (0.01,0.06) 0.08 (0.05,0.12) 0.15 (0.1,0.2) 0.07 (0.05,0.1) 0.1 (0.07,0.17) 0.17 (0.13,0.23)
Estimated need 0.16 0.17 0.38 0.16 0.17 0.38
Prev. inad 80 (100%) 93 (92.1%) 385 (98.9%) 65 (86.7%) 73 (76%) 366 (96.3%)
Riboflavin (mg) 0.02 (0.0,0.04) 0.06 (0.03,0.09) 0.1 (0.07,0.15) 0.05 (0.05,0.07) 0.08 (0.05,0.12) 0.13 (0.09,0.17)
Estimated need 1.6 0.18 0.31 1.6 0.18 0.31
Prev. inad 80 (100%) 100 (99%) 382 (98.2%) 75 (100%) 94 (97.9%) 370 (97.4%)
Niacin (mg) 0.18 (0.14,0.4) 0.54 (0.28,0.82) 0.9 (0.49,1.4) 0.4 (0.23,0.68) 0.71 (0.37,1.14) 1.0 (0.5,1.6)
Estimated need 2.99 3.08 5.18 2.99 3.08 5.18
Prev. inad 80 (100%) 99 (98%) 382 (98.2%) 75 (100%) 87 (90.6%) 372 (97.9%)
Vitamin C, mg 0.27 (0.2,0.9) 0.82 (0.31,1.73) 1.46 (0.5,3.1) 0.98 (0.36,1.54) 1.5 (0.45,2.6) 1.9 (0.6,3.7)
Estimated need 3.0 5.4 8.0 3.0 5.4 8.0
Prev. inad 77 (96.3%) 101 (100%) 387 (99.5%) 73 (97.3%) 96 (100%) 380 (100%)
  1. RE retinol equivalent, Prev inad, Prevalence of inadequacy; iron and zinc were considered as moderate bioavailable