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Table 4 Basic characteristics of components of MetS by the quartiles of dietary fructose intake

From: Dietary fructose and risk of metabolic syndrome in Chinese residents aged 45 and above: results from the China National Nutrition and Health Survey

  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 p-Value
Urban 3266 3268 3266 3267  
 Dietary fructose 3.4 (3.4, 3.4) 6.4 (6.4, 6.4) 11.1 (11.1, 11.1) 25.6 (25.1, 26.2)  
 WC, cm 83.5 (83.2, 83.8) 84.5 (84.1, 84.8)1 84.4 (84.1, 84.8) 1 84.3 (83.9, 84.6) 1 < 0.001
 FPG, mmol/L 5.68 (5.63, 5.73) 5.72 (5.67, 5.78) 5.64 (5.59, 5.69) 5.62 (5.57, 5.67) 0.081
 SBP, mmHg 131.8 (131.1, 132.5) 132.0 (131.3, 132.7) 130.3 (129.7, 131.0) 1, 2 128.8 (128.2, 129.4) 1–3 < 0.001
 DBP, mmHg 81.0 (80.6, 81.4) 81.5 (81.2, 81.9) 80.8 (80.5, 81.2) 80.2 (79.9, 80.6) 1, 2 < 0.001
 TG, mmol/L 1.49 (1.46, 1.53) 1.56 (1.53, 1.60) 1 1.59 (1.55, 1.62) 1 1.56 (1.53, 1.60) 0.002
 HDL-C, mmol/L 1.20 (1.19, 1.22) 1.19 (1.18, 1.20) 1.18 (1.16, 1.18) 1 1.17 (1.16, 1.18) 1 < 0.000
 MetS, n (%) 1019 (31.2) 1083 (33.1) 1109 (34.0)1 1027 (31.4)3 0.048
Rural 3115 3116 3115 3115  
 Dietary fructose 2.5 (2.5, 2.5) 4.3 (4.3, 4.3) 6.8 (6.8, 6.8) 16.8 (16.4, 17.2)  
 WC, cm 81.1 (80.7, 81.4) 81.5 (81.1, 81.8) 81.7 (81.3, 82.1) 81.6 (81.3, 81.9) 0.087
 FPG, mmol/L 5.37 (5.32, 5.42) 5.44 (5.39, 5.49) 5.32 (5.28, 5.37)2 5.32 (5.27, 5.37) 2 0.001
 SBP, mmHg 132.6 (131.9, 133.4) 131.2 (130.5, 131.9)1 130.9 (130.2, 131.7) 1 129.3 (128.5, 130.0) 1–3 < 0.001
 DBP, mmHg 81.6 (81.2, 82.0) 81.0 (80.6, 81.4) 81.0 (80.6, 81.4) 80.7 (80.3, 81.1) 1 0.017
 TG, mmol/L 1.39 (1.35, 1.42) 1.43 (1.39, 1.47) 1.43 (1.39, 1.47) 1.52 (1.48, 1.57) 1–3 < 0.001
 HDL-C, mmol/L 1.22 (1.21, 1.24) 1.22 (1.21, 1.23) 1.20 (1.18, 1.21) 1, 2 1.18 (1.16, 1.19) 1, 2 < 0.001
 MetS, n (%) 764 (24.5) 772 (24.8) 805 (25.8) 732 (23.5) 0.199
  1. 1: compared with Q1, p < 0.052;: compared with Q2, p < 0.053;: compared with Q3, p < 0.05