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Table 2 Adjusted associations of carotid plaque and IMT with eUNaE, eUKE and the Na/K ratio

From: The association of carotid artery atherosclerosis with the estimated excretion levels of urinary sodium and potassium and their ratio in Chinese adults

Variables eUNaE eUKE Na/K ratio
Carotid Plaque
  OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P
 Model 1 (n = 13,523) 0.99 0.96, 1.03 0.68 0.81 0.74, 0.88 < 0.01 1.14 1.08–1.21 < 0.01
 Model 2 (n = 13,523) 1.03 0.99, 1.07 0.12 1.00 0.91, 1.10 0.99 1.07 1.01–1.14 0.03
 Model 3 (n = 13,523) 1.03 0.99, 1.07 0.11 1.02 0.93, 1.12 0.69 1.06 1.00–1.13 0.048
CCA-IMT
  β 95% CI P β 95% CI P β 95% CI P
 Model 1 (n = 9444) 0.004 0.002, 0.006 < 0.01 0.004 −0.001, 0.008 0.12 0.006 0.002, 0.009 < 0.01
 Model 2 (n = 9444) 0.002 0.000, 0.003 0.04 0.001 −0.003, 0.005 0.62 0.003 0.000, 0.006 0.09
 Model 3 (n = 9444) 0.002 0.000, 0.004 0.04 0.001 −0.003, 0.006 0.54 0.003 0.000, 0.005 0.10
BIF-IMT
  β 95% CI P β 95% CI P β 95% CI P
 Model 1 (n = 9444) 0.004 0.000, 0.007 0.03 −0.005 −0.013, 0.003 0.23 0.013 0.007, 0.019 < 0.01
 Model 2 (n = 9444) 0.001 −0.002, 0.004 0.61 −0.009 −0.016, − 0.001 0.02 0.008 0.003, 0.013 < 0.01
 Model 3 (n = 9444) 0.001 −0.002, 0.004 0.60 −0.008 −0.015, − 0.001 0.03 0.008 0.003, 0.013 < 0.01
  1. Model 1 was not adjusted for other factors
  2. Model 2 was adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, smoking, and alcohol consumption
  3. Model 3 was adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, smoking, alcohol consumption, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease