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Table 1 Baseline characteristic comparison of 83,732 participants according to alcohol consumption

From: Alcohol consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and mortality: a prospective cohort study

Alcohol consumption, g/wk 0 1–25 26–150 151–350 351–750 > 750
n = 58,706 n = 9258 n = 5024 n = 4520 n = 5522 n = 702
Age, y 52.12 ± 12.3 46.4 ± 13.3 48.5 ± 12.3 54.5 ± 12.3 50.4 ± 9.1 50.5 ± 8.7
Men, % 69.3 94.4 98.6 99.7 99.9 100.0
Socio-economic status
 Marriage, %
  Single 1.2 5.3 1.9 0.3 0.3 0.3
  First marriage 95.2 90.9 93.8 95.2 95.1 94.7
  Other 3.6 3.8 4.3 4.5 4.6 5.0
 Education, %
  Elementary school or below 9.2 8.9 11.7 18.5 14.3 17.2
  Middle or high school 86.0 73.5 73.2 78.3 82.1 79.1
  College or above 4.8 17.6 15.1 3.2 3.6 3.7
 Occupation type, %
  Coal miner 20.4 48.7 48.3 53.6 59.2 53.2
  Blue-collar worker 73.9 40.3 41.0 41.9 37.2 43.4
  White-collar worker 5.7 11.0 10.7 4.5 3.6 3.4
 Household income per capita, %
  < 500 CNY/month 21.8 40.1 37.1 43.3 45.7 47.7
  501–1000 CNY /month 73.5 47.9 50.0 50.2 46.6 42.3
  > 1000 CNY /month 4.7 12.0 12.9 6.5 7.7 10.0
Lifestyle
 Beverage types, %
  Wine 0.4 0.07 0.01 0.00 0.00
  Beer 44.2 17.4 1.3 0.7 1.0
  Hard liquor 53.3 82.2 99.8 100.0 100.0
    Smoking status, %
  Never 82.0 30.9 20.4 16.6 11.1 10.0
  Past 3.7 9.6 8.9 7.0 5.5 4.7
  Current 14.3 59.5 70.7 76.4 83.4 85.3
 Physical exercise, %
  < 1 times/week 5.2 14.0 15.9 14.9 19.8 22.7
  1–3 times/week 82.5 67.0 65.0 56.2 62.7 51.8
  > 4 times/week 12.3 19.0 19.1 28.9 17.5 25.5
 Sodium intake, %
  < 6 g/day 7.0 13.9 12.9 13.0 12.5 10.1
  6–9.9 g/day 86.3 70.0 69.1 66.3 65.1 57.4
  > 10 /day 6.7 16.1 18.0 20.7 22.4 32.5
 Medication
  Anti-hypertension drugs 9.3 11.2 13.1 13.8 13.0 16.5
  Anti-diabetes drugs 2.4 2.2 2.3 1.9 1.4 1.4
  Lipid-lowering drugs 0.7 1.3 1.3 0.7 0.8 0.9
Clinical measurements
 Body mass index, kg/m2 25.0 ± 3.6 25.0 ± 3.4 25.5 ± 3.5 24.8 ± 3.2 25.1 ± 3.2 25.2 ± 3.3
 Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 131 ± 21 126 ± 19 129 ± 20 136 ± 21 135 ± 20 134 ± 21
 Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 83 ± 12 82 ± 11 83 ± 12 86 ± 12 87 ± 12 86 ± 12
 Fasting blood glucose, mmol/L 5.48 ± 1.75 5.39 ± 1.47 5.52 ± 1.63 5.50 ± 1.48 5.56 ± 1.52 5.61 ± 1.57
 HDL-C, mmol/L 1.56 ± 0.40 1.47 ± 0.37 1.51 ± 0.38 1.59 ± 0.41 1.62 ± 0.41 1.58 ± 0.40
 LDL-C, mmol/L 2.28 ± 0.89 2.48 ± 0.79 2.52 ± 0.86 2.51 ± 0.90 2.56 ± 0.90 2.59 ± 0.91
 Uric acid, mmol/L 275 ± 79 307 ± 82 318 ± 86 316 ± 87 318 ± 88 324 ± 86
 hs-CRP, mg/L 0.80 (0.30, 2.20) 0.71 (0.30, 1.72) 0.80 (0.30, 1.90) 0.79 (0.31, 1.90) 0.72 (0.30, 1.80) 0.89 (0.39, 2.01)
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation, median with interquartile range, or frequency (percent)
  2. CNY Chinese yuan, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein