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Table 1 Baseline characteristic comparison of 83,732 participants according to alcohol consumption

From: Alcohol consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and mortality: a prospective cohort study

Alcohol consumption, g/wk

0

1–25

26–150

151–350

351–750

> 750

n = 58,706

n = 9258

n = 5024

n = 4520

n = 5522

n = 702

Age, y

52.12 ± 12.3

46.4 ± 13.3

48.5 ± 12.3

54.5 ± 12.3

50.4 ± 9.1

50.5 ± 8.7

Men, %

69.3

94.4

98.6

99.7

99.9

100.0

Socio-economic status

 Marriage, %

  Single

1.2

5.3

1.9

0.3

0.3

0.3

  First marriage

95.2

90.9

93.8

95.2

95.1

94.7

  Other

3.6

3.8

4.3

4.5

4.6

5.0

 Education, %

  Elementary school or below

9.2

8.9

11.7

18.5

14.3

17.2

  Middle or high school

86.0

73.5

73.2

78.3

82.1

79.1

  College or above

4.8

17.6

15.1

3.2

3.6

3.7

 Occupation type, %

  Coal miner

20.4

48.7

48.3

53.6

59.2

53.2

  Blue-collar worker

73.9

40.3

41.0

41.9

37.2

43.4

  White-collar worker

5.7

11.0

10.7

4.5

3.6

3.4

 Household income per capita, %

  < 500 CNY/month

21.8

40.1

37.1

43.3

45.7

47.7

  501–1000 CNY /month

73.5

47.9

50.0

50.2

46.6

42.3

  > 1000 CNY /month

4.7

12.0

12.9

6.5

7.7

10.0

Lifestyle

 Beverage types, %

  Wine

0.4

0.07

0.01

0.00

0.00

  Beer

44.2

17.4

1.3

0.7

1.0

  Hard liquor

53.3

82.2

99.8

100.0

100.0

    Smoking status, %

  Never

82.0

30.9

20.4

16.6

11.1

10.0

  Past

3.7

9.6

8.9

7.0

5.5

4.7

  Current

14.3

59.5

70.7

76.4

83.4

85.3

 Physical exercise, %

  < 1 times/week

5.2

14.0

15.9

14.9

19.8

22.7

  1–3 times/week

82.5

67.0

65.0

56.2

62.7

51.8

  > 4 times/week

12.3

19.0

19.1

28.9

17.5

25.5

 Sodium intake, %

  < 6 g/day

7.0

13.9

12.9

13.0

12.5

10.1

  6–9.9 g/day

86.3

70.0

69.1

66.3

65.1

57.4

  > 10 /day

6.7

16.1

18.0

20.7

22.4

32.5

 Medication

  Anti-hypertension drugs

9.3

11.2

13.1

13.8

13.0

16.5

  Anti-diabetes drugs

2.4

2.2

2.3

1.9

1.4

1.4

  Lipid-lowering drugs

0.7

1.3

1.3

0.7

0.8

0.9

Clinical measurements

 Body mass index, kg/m2

25.0 ± 3.6

25.0 ± 3.4

25.5 ± 3.5

24.8 ± 3.2

25.1 ± 3.2

25.2 ± 3.3

 Systolic blood pressure, mmHg

131 ± 21

126 ± 19

129 ± 20

136 ± 21

135 ± 20

134 ± 21

 Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg

83 ± 12

82 ± 11

83 ± 12

86 ± 12

87 ± 12

86 ± 12

 Fasting blood glucose, mmol/L

5.48 ± 1.75

5.39 ± 1.47

5.52 ± 1.63

5.50 ± 1.48

5.56 ± 1.52

5.61 ± 1.57

 HDL-C, mmol/L

1.56 ± 0.40

1.47 ± 0.37

1.51 ± 0.38

1.59 ± 0.41

1.62 ± 0.41

1.58 ± 0.40

 LDL-C, mmol/L

2.28 ± 0.89

2.48 ± 0.79

2.52 ± 0.86

2.51 ± 0.90

2.56 ± 0.90

2.59 ± 0.91

 Uric acid, mmol/L

275 ± 79

307 ± 82

318 ± 86

316 ± 87

318 ± 88

324 ± 86

 hs-CRP, mg/L

0.80 (0.30, 2.20)

0.71 (0.30, 1.72)

0.80 (0.30, 1.90)

0.79 (0.31, 1.90)

0.72 (0.30, 1.80)

0.89 (0.39, 2.01)

  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation, median with interquartile range, or frequency (percent)
  2. CNY Chinese yuan, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein