Skip to main content

Table 4 Crude and multivariable-adjusted ORs and 95% CIs for psychological disorders across categories of valine, leucine and isoleucine intakea

From: Dietary intake of branched-chain amino acids in relation to depression, anxiety and psychological distress

  Valine intake P-trend Leucine intake P-trend Isoleucine intake P-trend
T1 T3 T1 T3 T1 T3
Depression
Cases, n 290 254   288 254   288 255  
  Crude 1.00 0.82 (0.67–1.00) 0.05 1.00 0.82 (0.68–1.00) 0.06 1.00 0.83 (0.68–1.01) 0.06
  Model I 1.00 0.82 (0.66–1.01) 0.07 1.00 0.83 (0.67–1.03) 0.09 1.00 0.81 (0.66–1.00) 0.06
  Model II 1.00 0.79 (0.64–0.98) 0.04 1.00 0.80 (0.65–1.00) 0.05 1.00 0.79 (0.63–0.98) 0.03
  Model III 1.00 0.77 (0.61–0.98) 0.03 1.00 0.78 (0.62–0.99) 0.04 1.00 0.77 (0.61–0.97) 0.03
  Model IV 1.00 0.76 (0.60–0.96) 0.02 1.00 0.77 (0.61–0.98) 0.03 1.00 0.75 (0.59–0.95) 0.02
Anxiety
Cases, n 144 109   143 108   147 106  
  Crude 1.00 0.72 (0.55–0.93) 0.01 1.00 0.71 (0.54–0.93) 0.01 1.00 0.67 (0.51–0.88) 0.004
  Model I 1.00 0.69 (0.51–0.91) 0.01 1.00 0.69 (0.51–0.91) 0.01 1.00 0.64 (0.48–0.85) 0.002
  Model II 1.00 0.65 (0.48–0.87) 0.004 1.00 0.65 (0.48–0.87) 0.004 1.00 0.61 (0.46–0.83) 0.001
  Model III 1.00 0.68 (0.50–0.93) 0.02 1.00 0.68 (0.50–0.94) 0.02 1.00 0.64 (0.47–0.88) 0.006
  Model IV 1.00 0.65 (0.47–0.90) 0.009 1.00 0.66 (0.47–0.91) 0.01 1.00 0.62 (0.45–0.86) 0.004
Psychological distress
Cases, n 232 204   232 200   233 198  
  Crude 1.00 0.83 (0.68–1.02) 0.07 1.00 0.80 (0.65–0.99) 0.04 1.00 0.79 (0.64–0.97) 0.03
  Model I 1.00 0.84 (0.67–1.05) 0.14 1.00 0.82 (0.66–1.03) 0.10 1.00 0.80 (0.64–1.01) 0.07
  Model II 1.00 0.84 (0.67–1.06) 0.15 1.00 0.82 (0.65–1.04) 0.11 1.00 0.81 (0.64–1.02) 0.08
  Model III 1.00 0.89 (0.69–1.14) 0.36 1.00 0.87 (0.68–1.18) 0.27 1.00 0.85 (0.66–1.09) 0.20
  Model IV 1.00 0.87 (0.67–1.12) 0.29 1.00 0.85 (0.66–1.10) 0.22 1.00 0.82 (0.64–1.07) 0.14
  1. aData are OR (95% CI)
  2. Model I: adjusted for age, sex and energy intake
  3. Model II: additionally, adjusted for marital status, education, vitamin supplements use, smoking status, physical activity and chronic conditions
  4. Model III: additionally, adjusted for dietary fiber, omega 3, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, folate, fruits and vegetables
  5. Model IV: additionally, adjusted for BMI