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Table 4 Greenhouse gas emissions (kg of CO2-eq) of daily food group recommendations for a 2000-kcal diet pattern by country, controlling for apparent consumption with US food balance sheet dataa

From: The carbon footprint of dietary guidelines around the world: a seven country modeling study

  Protein Foods Dairy Grains Fruit Vegetables Oils/fats Total US
Ratioc
Germany 1.37 0.81 0.05 0.12 0.18 0.05 2.61b 1.47
India 0.02 0.41 0.05 0.05 0.18 0.03 0.74b 5.19
Oman 1.14 0.18 0.44 0.29 0.18 0.05 2.29 1.68
The Netherlands 1.51 0.90 0.08 0.09 0.11 0.04 3.22d 1.19
Thailand 1.61 0.37 0.09 0.47 0.09 N/A 2.63 1.46
United States 1.84 1.10 0.02 0.16 0.16 0.03 3.83d 1.00
US Vegetarian 0.06 1.10 0.02 0.16 0.16 0.03 1.80d 2.13
Uruguay 1.24 0.70 0.03 0.19e 0.02 2.22b 1.73
EAT-Lancet 0.79 0.30 0.03 0.08 0.12 0.05 1.36 2.82
  1. aFAO food balance sheet data [46] for the US is used to provide the proportion of specific foods consumed within each food group for all countries listed. Thus, any differences between countries are due solely to the recommendations themselves
  2. bTotal includes GHGE of daily recommended amounts of sugars or sweeteners
  3. cUS ratio is the ratio of the total GHGE for the US recommended 2000-kcal diet divided by the total GHGE for each country’s recommended diet
  4. dTotal includes GHGE of daily recommended discretionary calories
  5. eFruit and vegetables form one group in Uruguay, so 0.19 refers to the emissions for the combined group