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Table 2 Water intakes (mL/d) from water and other beverages (mean, standard error) by socio-demographics and sourcing location

From: Trends in tap and bottled water consumption among children and adults in the United States: analyses of NHANES 2011–16 data

 Water (tap+bottled)Tap waterBottled waterOther beverages
All >4y (N = 22,716)1066 (20)661 (24)404 (16)1034 (17)
Gender
 Males (N = 11,206)1071 (24)676 (25)395 (16)1214 (24)
 Females (N = 11,510)1060 (20)647 (27)414 (17)861 (14)
p-value for effect0.590.150.10< 0.01
Age
 4-8y (N = 2644)430 (15)264 (18)165 (12)508 (11)
 9-13y (N = 2501)577 (19)359 (21)218 (18)567 (12)
 14-18y (N = 2308)866 (34)481 (34)385 (21)743 (24)
 19-30y (N = 3248)1305 (44)819 (47)486 (24)1026 (21)
 31-50y (N = 5071)1297 (30)772 (33)525 (25)1217 (28)
 51-70y (N = 4873)1100 (28)694 (32)406 (20)1239 (22)
  > 70y (N = 2071)809 (24)598 (29)212 (14)898 (20)
p-value for effect< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01
p-trend< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01
Race/ethnicity
 non-Hispanic white (N = 7802)1109 (26)781 (27)328 (16)1157 (23)
 non-Hispanic black (N = 5365)894 (29)359 (23)534 (23)802 (14)
 MexicanAmerican (N = 3698)997 (36)391 (21)605 (26)861 (19)
 Other Hispanic (N = 2473)1041 (33)497 (41)544 (34)856 (18)
 Other/mixed race (N = 3378)1092 (26)658 (31)434 (29)807 (24)
p-value for effect< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01
Income to poverty ratio (IPR)
  < 1 (N = 5633)932 (37)496 (45)436 (21)956 (30)
 1–1.99 (N = 5545)1003 (27)555 (27)448 (22)986 (27)
 2–3.49 (N = 4209)1036 (28)643 (28)394 (21)1055 (25)
  > 3.49 (N = 5558)1181 (29)821 (32)360 (20)1108 (19)
 Missing (N = 1771)1074 (49)609 (44)464 (29)916 (27)
p-value for effect< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01
p-trend< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01