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Table 6 Nutritional status, eating-related distress/enjoyment, and health-related quality of life of patients at baseline and week 5 in the Australian and Hong Kong sample

From: The effects of a family-centered psychosocial-based nutrition intervention in patients with advanced cancer: the PiCNIC2 pilot randomised controlled trial

Variables Australian site Hong Kong site
Intervention group (n = 9) a
Mean (SD)
Control group (n = 9) a
Mean (SD)
Between-group effect size b p value c Intervention group(n = 8) a
Mean (SD)
Control group (n = 12) a
Mean (SD)
Between-group effect size b p value c
PG-SGA-SF    0.42 0.38    −0.64 0.16
 Baseline 8.89 (1.20) 7.22 (0.80)    9.77 (1.20) 10.56 (0.99)   
 Follow up 6.11 (1.50) 6.00 (1.29)    8.70 (1.62) 12.45 (1.28)   
 Change from baseline −2.78 (1.18) −1.22 (1.28)    −0.94 (1.21) 1.80 (1.42)   
Eating-related distress (single item)    1.02 0.05    −1.00 0.07
 Baseline 2.89 (0.75) 2.00 (0.80)    2.61 (0.81) 3.18 (0.65)   
 Follow up 2.44 (0.88) 4.00 (0.96)    1.86 (1.13) 5.47 (0.86)   
 Change from baseline −0.44 (0.60) 2.00 (0.96)    −0.81 (1.51) 2.13 (0.76)   
Eating-related enjoyment (single item)    0.41 0.40    −1.07 0.02
 Baseline 5.22 (1.15) 2.00 (1.05)    7.55 (0.87) 6.27 (0.70)   
 Follow up 7.44 (0.82) 5.89 (0.92)    4.45 (1.15) 6.71 (0.89)   
 Change from baseline 2.22 (1.34) 3.89 (1.35)    −3.13 (1.06) 0.46 (0.90)   
FACCT total score    1.09 0.05    0.13 0.93
 Baseline 103.54 (7.60) 105.79 (3.96)    101.64 (3.84) 92.05 (3.16)   
 Follow up 108.93 (8.20) 99.20 (3.74)    102.21 (5.32) 93.22 (4.20)   
 Change from baseline 5.39 (3.12) −6.58 (4.35)    0.47 (6.27) 1.16 (3.96)   
FACCT cachexia subscale    0.34 0.49    0.72 0.13
 Baseline 28.57 (3.04) 32.09 (2.80)    32.09 (1.32) 30.08 (1.18)   
 Follow up 32.72 (3.04) 34.05 (2.43)    33.90 (2.34) 32.99 (1.60)   
 Change from baseline 4.15 (2.23) 1.96 (2.12)    2.75 (1.15) 2.85 (3.11)   
  1. a Estimated mean and standard error (SE) from linear mixed-effects model
  2. b Effect size for mean differences of groups with unequal sample size within a pre-post-control design
  3. c P value for group * time interaction of mean score using linear mixed-effects models