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Table 2 Socio-demographic, clinical and baseline characteristics of patients in the Australian and Hong Kong sample (n = 74)

From: The effects of a family-centered psychosocial-based nutrition intervention in patients with advanced cancer: the PiCNIC2 pilot randomised controlled trial

Characteristics Australian sample (n = 32) Hong Kong sample (n = 42)
All participants (n = 32) Intervention (n = 17) Control (n = 15) All participants (n = 42) Intervention (n = 17) Control (n = 25)
Age (years), mean (SD)
range
63.7 (14.7)
(28–86)
64.6 (15.1)
(42–85)
62.7 (14.7)
(28–86)
72.4 (14)
(35–95)
69.8 (14)
(35–89)
74.2 (16)
(43–95)
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD)
range
26.1 (7.0)
(17.6–50.8)
24.4 (3.9)
(17.6–31.2)
27.8 (9.0)
(18.1–50.8)
19.7 (3.5)
(14.5–28.2)
19.9 (3.3)
(14.5–28.2)
19.6 (3.6)
(15.1–26.4)
Gender n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%)
 Female 16 (50) 8 (47) 8 (53) 26 (61.9) 11 (64.7) 15 (60)
 Male 16 (50) 9 (53) 7 (47) 16 (38.1) 6 (35.3) 10 (40)
Primary cancer type
 Gastrointestinal 8 (25) 2 (12) 6 (40) 20 (47.6) 9 (53.1) 11 (44)
 Gynaecological 3 (9) 1 (6) 2 (13) 3 (7.1) 1 (5.9) 2 (8)
 Lung 2 (6) 2 (12) 0 (0) 12 (28.6) 4 (23.5) 8 (32)
 Skin 4 (13) 3 (18) 1 (7)
 Urological 12 (38) 8 (47) 4 (27) 5 (11.9) 3 (17.6) 2 (8)
 Other (e.g. breast, thyroid, unknown primary) 3 (9) 1 (6) 2 (13) 2 (4.8) 0 2 (8)
Charlson Comorbidity Index Score, mean (SD)
range
6.1 (1.3)
(2–8)
5.9 (1.6)
(2–8)
6.3 (0.6)
(6–8)
Nutritional symptoms
 No appetite 11 (38) 5 (33) 6 (48) 30 (71.4) 10 (58.8) 20 (66.7)
 Feeling full quickly 13 (45) 9 (60) 4 (29) 16 (38.1) 5 (29.4) 11 (44)
 Dry month 3 (10) 1 (7) 2 (14) 16 (38.1) 6 (35.3) 10 (62.5)
 Things taste funny or have no taste 7 (24) 4 (27) 3 (21) 13 (31) 4 (23.5) 9 (36)
 Smell bothers me 2 (7) 2 (13)* 0 (0)* 9 (21.4) 3 (17.6) 6 (24)
 Nausea 5 (17) 5 (33) 0 (0) 8 (19) 1 (5.9) 7 (28)
 Pain 6 (21) 3 (20) 3 (21) 5 (11.9) 2 (11.8) 3 (12)
 Constipation 7 (24) 4 (27) 3 (21) 4 (9.5) 3 (17.6) 1 (4)
 Diarrhoea 3 (10) 2 (13) 1 (7)    
 Problems with swallowing 2 (7) 1 (7) 1 (1) 4 (9.5) 3 (17.6) 1 (4)
 Mouth sores 1 (3) 0 (0) 1 (7)    
 Vomiting 2 (7) 2 (13) 0 (0) 3 (7.1) 1 (5.9) 2 (8)
PG-SGA-SF total score, mean (SD) range 8.0 (4.0)
(1–17)
8 (4)
(1–15)
8 (4)
(1–17)
10.2 (4.3)
(1–19)
9.8 (4.6)
(2–19)
10.6 (4.1)
(1–19)
Eating-related distress (single item score), mean (SD) range 3.1 (2.9)
(0–10)
3 (3)
(0–8)
3 (3)
(0–10)
3 (3.1)
(0–8)
2.6 (3.3)
(0–8)
3.2 (3)
(0–8)
Eating-related enjoyment (single item score), mean (SD)
range
3.8 (3.2)
(0–9)
5 (3)
(0–9)
3 (3)
(0–8)
6.8 (3.2)
(0–8)
7.7 (2.9)
(0–8)
6.3 (3.4)
(0–8)
FAACT total score, mean (SD)
range
102.0 (18.8)
(60.3–140.0)
96.66 (22.4)
(60.3–140.0)
108.2 (11.4)
(90.0–127.0)
95.9 (13.6)
(65.7–121)
101.6 (15.7)*
(74–121)
92.0 (10.5)*
(66–114)
FAACT cachexia subscale, mean (SD)
range
30.3 (8.0)
(20.0–46.0)
29.01 (7.7)
(20.0–46.0)
31.69 (8.3)
(21.0–45.8)
31 (5.6)
(21–42)
32.4 (5.4)
(25–42)
30.0 (5.6)
(21–40)
  1. *P < 0.05