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Table 3 Feeding practices at baseline and throughout the study period (n = 200)

From: Multiple micronutrient supplementation improves growth and reduces the risk of anemia among infants in Gaza Strip, Palestine: a prospective randomized community trial

Variables Experimental Group (n = 100)
n(%)
Control group (n = 100)
n(%)
t / χ2 value P value a
Type of milk
Exclusive breast feeding (month old)
  0 to 5.99 100 (100) 100 (100) −0.63 0.53
  Mean ± SD 4.51 ± 0.56 4.65 ± 0.59   
Still breastfeeding (month old)
  At 5.99 90 (90) 96 (96) 2.76 0.09
  At 11.99 68 (68) 64 (64) 0.35 0.65
  At 17.99 4 (4) 3 (3)   1 †
  Mean ± SD 11.57 ± 3.35 11.76 ± 2.19 −0.43 0.66
Infant formula (month old)
  Birth – 5.99 67 (67) 70 (70) 0.20 0.64
  6–11.99 71 (71) 76 (76) 0.64 0.42
  12–17.99 88 (88) 81 (81) 1.87 0.17
Fresh milk (month old)
  Birth – 5.99 60 (60) 56 (56) 0.32 0.56
  6–11.99 47 (47) 50 (50) 0.18 0.67
  12–17.99 87 (87) 93 (93) 2 0.15
Milk powder (other than infant formula) (month old)
  Birth – 5.99 7 (7) 5 (5) 0.35 0.55
  6–11.99 67 (67) 55 (55) 3.02 0.08
  12–17.99 83 (83) 90 (90) 2.09 0.14
Others (month old)
  Birth – 5.99 1 (1) 0 (0)   1 †
  6–11.99 0 (0) 1 (1)   1 †
  12–17.99 11 (11) 14 (14) 0.41 0.52
Age at introduction of complementary foods
Foods
  Commercial cereals 65 (65)
6.25 ± 0.79
68 (68)
6.05 ± 0.84
1.30 0.19
  Porridge/Rice 52 (52)
6.61 ± 0.96
55 (55)
6.77 ± 1.01
−0.76 0.44
  Biscuits/Breads 100 (100)
5.59 ± 0.81
100 (100)
5.79 ± 0.84
−1.55 0.12
  Hen egg 63 (63)
8.90 ± 0.6
69 (69)
9.02 ± 0.70
−0.91 0.36
  Meat/Fish 30 (30)
12.28 ± 1.43
35 (35)
12.08 ± 1.33
0.53 0.59
  Vegetables 90 (90)
6.89 ± 1.27
89 (89)
7.05 ± 1.34
−0.71 0.47
  Fruits 100 (100)
7.48 ± 1.43
100 (100)
7.35 ± 1.42
0.56 0.57
Drinks
  Water with sugar 52 (52)
4.10 ± 0.62
58 (58)
4.14 ± 0.61
−0.33 0.74
  Fruit juice 75 (75)
5.44 ± 0.85
77 (77)
5.18 ± 0.74
1.84 0.06
  Tea 35 (35)
5.63 ± 0.84
41 (41)
5.50 ± 0.74
0.69 0.48
  Coffee 2 (2)
12.5 ± 1.41
1 (1)
12 ± 0.00
0.28 0.82
  Others 99 (99)
8.80 ± 0.94
96 (96)
8.87 ± 0.95
−0.46 0.64
  1. aStatistical testing using independent samples t-test or chi-square test
  2. Fisher’s exact test
  3. *Difference is significant at p < 0.05 (2-tailed)
  4. **Difference is significant at p < 0.01 (2-tailed)