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Table 3 Association between commensality and general characteristics of depression

From: Association between commensality with depression and suicidal ideation of Korean adults: the sixth and seventh Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013, 2015, 2017

  Depression
Men
(n = 5854)
Women
(n-8271)
Odds Ratio 95% CIa Odds Ratio 95% CI
Commensalityb
 Eating 3 meals together 1.00 1.00
 Eating 2 meals together 1.15 (0.901.46) 1.15 (0.971.36)
 Eating 1 meals together 1.17 (0.871.56) 1.36 (1.13–1.63)
 Eating no meals together 1.72 (1.27–2.34) 1.58 (1.28–1.95)
Household member
 Alone 1.00 1.00
 > 1 1.61 (1.22–2.14) 0.90 (0.731.01)
Generation
 20–29 years old 1.00 1.00
 30–49 years old 0.72 (0.591.01) 0.66 (0.52–0.83)
 50–64 years old 0.80 (0.551.15) 0.70 (0.53–0.91)
 ≥ 65 years old 0.54 (0.37–0.80) 0.49 (0.35–0.68)
Residential area
 Metropolis 1.00 1.00
 City 0.97 (0.79–1.19) 0.99 (0.861.14)
 Rural area 0.82 (0.63–1.07) 1.17 (0.981.39)
Household Income
 Low 1.00 1.00
 Medium-low 0.80 (0.611.03) 0.62 (0.52–0.74)
 Medium-high 0.51 (0.37–0.69) 0.53 (0.44–0.65)
 High 0.63 (0.47–0.85) 0.48 (0.38–0.59)
Educational Attainment
 Elementary School 1.00 1.00
 Middle School 0.85 (0.62–1.17) 0.85 (0.681.07)
 High School Diploma 0.82 (0.621.10) 0.69 (0.56–0.85)
 Bachelor’s Degree or Higher 0.70 (0.50–0.98) 0.56 (0.42–0.71)
Occupation
 White Collar 1.00 1.00
 Sales and Services 1.49 (1.05–2.13) 1.23 (0.961.58)
 Blue Collar 1.34 (0.95–1.89) 1.29 (0.981.69)
 Unemployed 1.92 (1.37–2.69) 1.36 (1.10–1.69)
Chronic Illnesses
 None 1.00 1.00
 1 1.38 (1.08–1.78) 1.10 (0.911.33)
 2 or more 1.43 (1.10–1.87) 1.26 (1.04–1.53)
Smoking
 Non-smoker 1.00 1.00
 Current smoker 1.24 (0.951.62) 2.15 (1.67–2.76)
 Past smoker 1.06 (0.811.38) 1.30 (1.00–1.69)
Drinking
 Non-drinker 1.00 1.00
 < 1 time per/month 0.70 (0.481.02) 1.02 (0.861.22)
 < 4 times per/month 0.58 (0.39–0.84) 0.99 (0.811.20)
 2–3 times per week 0.63 (0.42–0.93) 1.06 (0.801.40)
 ≥ 4 per week 0.83 (0.55–1.25) 1.43 (0.962.13)
  1. aCI Confidence Interval
  2. bCommensality is analyzed by Controlled variables includes household members, generation, Residential area, household income, educational attainment, occupation, chronic illnesses, smoking, drinking