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Table 1 General Characteristics of commensality and depression

From: Association between commensality with depression and suicidal ideation of Korean adults: the sixth and seventh Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013, 2015, 2017

  N (%)
  Depression
Men p-value Women p-value
Total Yes No Total Yes No
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Commensality
 Eating 3 meals together 2283 39.0 172 31.7 2111 39.7 <.0001 2437 29.5 311 25.1 2126 30.2 <.0001
 Eating 2 meals together 2062 35.2 158 29.2 1904 35.8   2724 32.9 350 28.2 2374 33.8  
 Eating 1 meals together 904 15.4 89 16.4 815 15.3   1863 22.5 300 24.2 1563 22.2  
 Eating no meals together 605 10.3 123 22.7 482 9.1   1247 15.1 280 22.6 967 13.8  
Household member
 Alone 584 10.0 115 21.2 469 8.8 <.0001 1036 12.5 233 18.8 803 11.4 <.0001
 > 1 5270 90.0 427 78.8 4843 91.2   7235 87.5 1008 81.2 6227 88.6  
Generation
 20–29 years old 705 12.2 73 13.5 632 11.9 <.0001 828 10.0 128 10.3 700 10.0 <.0001
 30–49 years old 1843 31.9 112 20.7 1731 32.6   2922 35.3 318 25.6 2604 37.0  
 50–64 years old 1695 29.3 173 31.9 1522 28.7   2401 29.0 386 31.1 2016 28.7  
 ≥ 65 years old 1610 27.8 184 33.9 1427 26.9   2119 25.6 409 33.0 1710 24.3  
Residential area
 Metropolis 2498 42.7 236 43.5 2262 42.6 0.8737 3648 44.1 524 42.2 3124 44.4 0.0005
 City 2256 38.5 208 38.4 2048 38.6   3213 38.8 458 36.9 2755 39.2  
 Rural area 1100 18.8 98 18.1 1002 18.9   1410 17.0 259 20.9 1151 16.4  
Household Income
 Low 1105 19.1 186 34.3 919 17.3 <.0001 1737 21.0 433 34.9 1304 18.5 <.0001
 Medium-low 1458 25.2 148 27.3 1310 24.7   2103 25.4 321 25.9 1782 25.3  
 Medium-high 1577 27.3 94 17.3 1483 27.9   2177 26.3 265 21.4 1912 27.2  
 High 1714 29.6 114 21.0 1600 30.1   2254 27.3 222 17.9 2032 28.9  
Educational Attainment
 Elementary School 1009 17.2 147 27.1 862 16.2 <.0001 2321 28.1 503 40.5 1818 25.9 <.0001
 Middle School 648 11.1 70 12.9 578 10.9   843 10.2 146 11.8 697 9.9  
 High School Diploma 2020 34.5 191 35.2 1829 34.4   2483 30.0 340 27.4 2143 30.5  
 Bachelor’s Degree or Higher 2177 37.2 134 24.7 2043 38.5   2624 31.7 252 20.3 2372 33.7  
Occupation
 White Collar 1523 26.0 73 13.5 1450 27.3 <.0001 1660 20.1 145 11.7 1515 21.6 <.0001
 Sales and Services 1015 17.3 90 16.6 925 17.4   1427 17.3 221 17.8 1206 17.2  
 Blue Collar 1590 27.2 135 24.9 1455 27.4   1016 12.3 172 13.9 844 12.0  
 Unemployed 1726 29.5 244 45.0 1482 27.9   4168 50.4 703 56.6 3465 49.3  
Chronic Illnesses
 None 3767 64.3 286 52.8 3481 65.5 <.0001 5171 62.5 655 52.8 4516 64.2 <.0001
 1 1180 20.2 137 25.3 1043 19.6   1519 18.4 261 21.0 1258 17.9  
 2 or more 907 15.5 119 22.0 788 14.8   1581 19.1 325 26.2 1256 17.9  
Smoking
 Current Smoker 2013 34.4 210 38.7 1803 33.9 0.0444 384 4.6 110 8.9 274 3.9 <.0001
 Past Smoker 2518 43.0 227 41.9 2291 43.1   443 5.4 83 6.7 360 5.1  
 Non-Smoker 1323 22.6 105 19.4 1218 22.9   7444 91.1 1048 84.4 6396 91.0  
Drinking
 Non-drinker 290 5.0 44 8.1 246 4.6 <.0001 1518 18.6 261 21.0 1257 17.9 <.0001
 < 1 time per/month 1440 24.6 149 27.5 1291 24.3   3493 42.8 517 41.7 2976 42.3  
 < 4 times per/month 2045 34.9 148 27.3 1897 35.7   2439 29.9 323 26.0 2116 30.1  
 2–3 times per week 1373 23.5 112 20.7 1261 23.7   629 7.7 94 7.6 535 7.6  
 ≥ 4 per week 706 12.1 89 16.4 617 11.6   192 2.4 46 3.7 146 2.1  
Total 5854 100.0 542 9.3 5312 90.7   8271 100.0 1241 15.0 7030 85.0