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Table 1 General characteristics of children aged < 5 years (n = 514) by sex in the Nouna HDSS

From: Dietary habits associated with growth development of children aged < 5 years in the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Burkina Faso

Characteristics
N
  Nouna HDSS Boys Girls
% n % n % n
100.00 514 49.61 255 50.39 259
Demographics
Childrens’ agea Months 35.87 13.90 36.17 13.64 35.57 14.18
Region Toni 46.69 240 46.67 119 46.72 121
Cissé 17.12 88 14.90 38 19.31 50
Kodougou 11.87 61 13.33 34 10.42 27
Nouna 14.40 74 15.29 39 13.51 35
Sono 9.92 51 9.80 25 10.04 26
Socio-economics
Mothers’ agea Years 29.56 6.83 29.36 6.71 29.16 6.96
Mothers’ education Illiterate 78.00 397 78.97 199 77.04 198
Literate 4.91 25 5.56 14 4.28 11
Primary 13.36 68 12.70 32 14.01 36
Secondary 3.73 19 2.78 7 4.67 12
Household heads’ education Illiterate 74.56 381 71.94 182 77.13 199
Literate 12.13 62 13.83 35 10.47 27
Primary 10.96 56 11.07 28 10.85 28
Secondary 2.35 12 3.16 8 1.55 4
Mothers’ ethnicity Dafing 30.41 156 30.98 79 29.84 77
Bwaba 22.61 116 22.75 58 22.48 58
Mossi 20.47 105 20.39 52 20.54 53
Peul 20.47 105 19.22 49 21.71 56
Other 6.04 31 6.67 17 5.53 14
Household heads’ ethnicity Dafing 30.35 156 30.59 78 30.12 78
Bwaba 22.96 118 22.75 58 23.17 60
Mossi 18.09 93 18.04 46 18.15 47
Peul 22.76 117 22.35 57 23.17 60
Other 5.84 30 6.27 16 5.40 14
Mothers' marriage Polygame 34.50 177 34.90 89 34.11 88
Household heads’ marriage Polygame 36.77 189 36.08 92 37.45 97
Mothers’ occupation Housewives 92.16 470 93.31 237 91.02 233
Household heads’ occupation Farmers 84.86 426 87.95 219 81.82 207
Wealth index (IWI) Poorest 21.57 107 23.08 57 20.08 50
Poor 18.75 93 23.48 58 14.06 35
Middle 19.56 97 19.03 47 20.08 50
Rich 24.60 122 22.67 56 26.51 66
Richest 15.52 77 11.74 29 19.28 48
Household sizea   12.30 6.45 12.03 6.40 12.57 6.49
Siblings aged <5 yearsa   2.74 1.70 2.65 1.70 2.82 1.70
Clinical
 Birth weighta Gramm 3056 520 3081 533 3031 506
 Low birth weight <  2500 g 12.99 53 13.17 27 12.81 26
 Exclusive breastfeeding Yes 38.91 200 40.78 104 37.07 96
 Diarrhea the last 2 weeks Yes 19.30 99 22.35 57 16.28 42
 Child sick last 2 weeks Yes 41.52 213 43.53 111 39.53 102
Child anthropometry
 Heighta cm 89.72 10.11 90.52 9.53 88.94 10.61
 Weighta kg 12.37 2.72 12.68 2.54 12.06 2.86
 Height-for-Age (HAZ)a Z-score −1.27 1.34 −1.28 1.41 −1.26 1.27
 Weight-for-Height (WHZ)a Z-score −0.47 1.02 −0.43 1.08 −0.51 0.96
 Stunting < −2 SD 25.64 131 27.38 69 23.94 62
 Wasting < −2 SD 6.68 34 7.14 18 6.23 16
  1. a Mean and SD