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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression for analysis of the associations of personality traits, eating behaviors and food intake with weight gain during pregnancy and neonatal birth weight (n = 360)

From: A longitudinal study on the relationship between mother’s personality trait and eating behaviors, food intake, maternal weight gain during pregnancy and neonatal birth weight

  Total weight gain Second half weight gain Birth weight
Insufficienta Insufficienta Lowa
B p OR CI B p OR CI B p OR CI
Personality
 Neuroticism −0.023 0.212 1.04 0.98–1.09 −0.023 0.631 0.98 0.89–1.07 0.045 0.115 1.05 0.99–1.10
 Extraversion 0.049 0.238 1.05 0.97–1.14 0.162 0.015 1.18 1.03–1.34 0.023 0.582 1.02 0.94–1.11
 Openness 0.059 0.220 1.06 0.97–1.12 −0.169 0.051 0.84 0.71–1.01 0.043 0.372 1.04 0.95–1.15
 Agreeableness 0.010 0.835 1.01 0.918–1.12 −0.034 0.680 0.97 0.82–1.14 0.058 0.237 1.06 0.96–1.16
 Conscientiousness 0.073 0.197 1.08 0.96–1.20 −0.053 0.586 0.95 0.78–1.15 0.183 0.001 1.20 1.07–1.34
Eating behavior
 Restrained eating −0.056 0.920 0.95 0.32–2.82 −0.891 0.338 0.41 0.07–2.54 −0.632 0.241 0.53 0.18–1.52
 Emotional eating 1.098 0.034 2.99 1.08–8.28 0.80 0.372 2.22 0.38–12.8 1.366 0.008 3.92 1.43–10.74
 External eating −0.948 0.103 0.39 0.12–1.21 −0.706 0.50 0.59 0.6–3.84 −0.145 0.802 0.86 0.28–2.68
Food intake
 Grains 0.08 0.062 1.08 0.99–1.18 0.034 0.653 1.03 0.89–1.20 0.049 0.244 1.05 0.97–1.14
 Dairy products −0.033 0.696 0.97 0.82–1.14 −0.159 0.331 0.85 0.62–1.17 −0.023 0.780 0.98 0.83–1.15
 Proteins 0.011 0.862 1.01 0.89–1.15 0.204 0.089 1.23 0.97–1.55 0.045 0.480 1.05 0.92–1.19
 Vegetables −0.399 0.023 0.67 0.47–0.95 −0.83 0.006 0.41 0.22–0.77 −0.325 0.057 0.72 0.51–1.00
 Fruits −0.067 0.676 0.93 0.68–1.28 −0.154 0.595 0.86 0.49–1.51 0.084 0.59 1.09 0.80–1.47
 Fats −0.023 0.938 0.97 0.55–1.73 1.384 0.018 3.99 1.27–12.5 −0.041 0.886 0.96 0.55–1.69
 Sweets −0.013 0.949 0.99 0.66–1.47 −0.072 0.837 0.93 0.47–1.85 0.215 0.260 1.24 0.85–1.80
  1. aThe reference category is adequate; B beta; p p-value; OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval. The effects of maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index and length of gestation were adjusted