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Table 1 Participant Demographic and Health-Related Characteristics

From: Sex differences in the relationship between dietary pattern adherence and cognitive function among older adults: findings from the NuAge study

 Total (n = 1276)Women (n = 664)Men (n = 612)p-value
Age (years)74.16 ± 4.1674.23 ± 4.2374.08 ± 4.080.53
Race (% Caucasian)98.798.998.50.68
Education (% < 12 years)50.152.048.20.20
BMI (kg/m2)27.80 ± 4.6627.61 ± 5.2128.00 ± 3.990.14
Hypertension (%)47.051.142.60.003
Diabetes (%)10.87.814.1< 0.001
Baseline 3MS score94.04 ± 4.3294.53 ± 4.1493.50 ± 4.45< 0.001
Energy intake (kcal)1818 ± 5271702 ± 4581943 ± 566< 0.001
Current or past estrogen use (%)56.1
Prudent diet pattern (min. – max.) a−1.96 – 7.12−1.85 – 6.43
Western diet pattern (min. – max.) a−3.10 – 3.86−2.50 – 4.08
  1. p-value derived by t-test for continuous variables and χ2 for categorical variables. Data presented as mean ± standard deviation unless otherwise specified
  2. aAdherence to prudent and Western dietary pattern presented as z-scores derived from principal component analysis
  3. BMI body mass index, 3MS Modified Mini-Mental State Examination