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Table 1 Age- and sex- adjusted characteristics according to NAFLD status a

From: Daily tea drinking is not associated with newly diagnosed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Chinese adults: the Tianjin chronic low-grade systemic inflammation and health cohort study

CharacteristicsNAFLD statusP value b
No (n = 15,589)Yes (n = 3761)
Sex (male %)46.681.6< 0.0001
Age (y)37.5 (37.4, 37.7) a41.3 (41.0, 41.7)< 0.0001
BMI22.9 (22.8, 23.0)27.2 (27.1, 27.3)< 0.0001
Physical activity (Mets × hours/week)10.5 (10.2, 10.7)10.2 (9.8, 10.6)0.31
Energy intake (kJ/d)8457.9 (8420.3, 8496.0)8257.0 (8180.4, 8334.9)< 0.0001
Education (≥college graduate, %)71.259.9< 0.0001
Household income (≥10,000 Yuan, %)33.431.60.04
ALT (U/L)15.3 (15.2, 15.4)25.0 (24.6, 25.4)< 0.0001
Type 2 diabetes (%)1.38.4< 0.0001
Hypertension (%)12.740.3< 0.0001
Hyperlipidaemia (%)31.166.3< 0.0001
Dietary pattern score (multiply by 100)
 Sweets foods pattern0.3 (−1.3, 1.9)−2.4 (− 5.7, 0.9)0.15
 Vegetable pattern2.2 (0.7, 3.8)−6.4 (−9.6, − 3.1)< 0.0001
 Animal foods pattern1.7 (0.2, 3.3)−2.1 (− 5.3, 1.1)0.04
Smoking status (%)
 Smoker14.027.6< 0.0001
 Ex-smoker3.56.2< 0.0001
 Non-smoker82.566.2< 0.0001
Drinker (%)
 Everyday3.62.1< 0.0001
 Sometime52.661.7< 0.0001
 Ex-drinker10.312.4< 0.001
 Non-drinker33.423.7< 0.0001
Employment status (%)
 Managers44.639.7< 0.0001
 Professionals16.016.70.29
 Other39.543.6< 0.0001
Family history of diseases (%)
 CVD26.022.4< 0.0001
 Hypertension46.647.30.44
 Diabetes23.127.7< 0.0001
  1. a NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; CVD, cardiovascular disease; BMI, body mass index; ALT, alanine aminotransferase
  2. b Analysis of variance or chi-square test with adjustments for age and sex where is appropriate
  3. c Least square mean (95% confidence interval) (all such values)