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Table 4 Multiple linear regression of predictors of dietary change in principal component scores over four-years in mena

From: Education and lifestyle predict change in dietary patterns and diet quality of adults 55 years and over

  Factor 1 Vegetable dishes, fruit, fish & poultryFactor 2 Red or processed meat, white bread, fried fish & hot chips
 Model 1bModel 2cModel 1Model 2
nβ95% CIP-Valueβ95% CIP-Valueβ95% CIP-Valueβ95% CIP-Value
 Up to year 10239Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Year 12, trade or certificate3930.05−0.020.130.1500.05− 0.020.120.172−0.002− 0.060.060.952−0.001− 0.060.060.970
 University degree3190.170.090.24< 0.0010.140.060.220.001−0.04−0.110.020.195−0.04−0.110.030.277
 Retired3290.03−0.040.100.4010.03−0.050.100.495−0.006−0.050.040.7900.02−0.060.110.600
Relationship status
 Living as married851Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Separated, divorced or widowed99−0.01− 0.110.080.796−0.003− 0.100.090.949−0.04−0.140.070.530−0.04−0.140.060.443
 Never married550.02−0.130.170.8060.04−0.120.190.6380.007−0.090.100.8810.006−0.100.090.906
Weight loss intentions
 Not trying anything for my weight480Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Trying to avoid gaining weight2650.090.020.150.0080.080.010.150.023−0.06− 0.12− 0.00060.048− 0.05− 0.11− 0.0070.083
 Trying to lose weight2600.02−0.070.110.6660.03−0.070.130.502−0.07−0.13− 0.020.010− 0.07−0.13− 0.010.018
Smoking status
 Never smoked461Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Former smoker432−0.04− 0.100.010.112− 0.08− 0.160.0070.074−0.007−0.070.050.805−0.009− 0.070.050.775
 Current smoker112−0.09− 0.210.030.154−0.10− 0.260.070.2350.120.040.190.0030.120.040.200.004
 Meeting PA guidelines5250.110.040.170.0030.090.020.160.008−0.02−0.060.030.477− 0.007− 0.050.040.745
Diagnosis of CM-related condition
No CM-related conditions384Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Diagnosed prior to 20104910.03−0.040.100.3520.06−0.010.140.1110.02−0.030.060.5280.02−0.030.060.466
 Newly diagnosed within 2010–20141300.04−0.100.180.5930.06−0.080.200.385−0.07−0.15− 0.010.101− 0.07− 0.150.020.102
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval. Ref. reference category, PA physical activity, CM cardiometabolic
  2. a. Baseline (2010) characteristics unless otherwise indicated
  3. b. Model 1: adjusted for sampling postcode clustering and baseline PCA score
  4. c. Model 2: adjusted for model 1 and additionally adjusted for age, body mass index, smoking and physical activity, where appropriate