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Table 4 Multiple linear regression of predictors of dietary change in principal component scores over four-years in mena

From: Education and lifestyle predict change in dietary patterns and diet quality of adults 55 years and over

  Factor 1 Vegetable dishes, fruit, fish & poultryFactor 2 Red or processed meat, white bread, fried fish & hot chips
 Model 1bModel 2cModel 1Model 2
nβ95% CIP-Valueβ95% CIP-Valueβ95% CIP-Valueβ95% CIP-Value
 Up to year 10239Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Year 12, trade or certificate3930.05−−−0.002−−0.001−
 University degree3190.170.090.24< 0.0010.−0.04−−0.04−
Relationship status
 Living as married851Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Separated, divorced or widowed99−0.01−−0.003−−0.04−−0.04−
 Never married550.02−−−−
Weight loss intentions
 Not trying anything for my weight480Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Trying to avoid gaining weight2650.−0.06− 0.12− 0.00060.048− 0.05− 0.11− 0.0070.083
 Trying to lose weight2600.02−−−0.07−0.13− 0.020.010− 0.07−0.13− 0.010.018
Smoking status
 Never smoked461Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Former smoker432−0.04−− 0.08− 0.160.0070.074−0.007−−0.009−
 Current smoker112−0.09−−0.10−
 Meeting PA guidelines5250.−0.02−− 0.007−
Diagnosis of CM-related condition
No CM-related conditions384Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Diagnosed prior to 20104910.03−−−−
 Newly diagnosed within 2010–20141300.04−−−0.07−0.15− 0.010.101− 0.07−
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval. Ref. reference category, PA physical activity, CM cardiometabolic
  2. a. Baseline (2010) characteristics unless otherwise indicated
  3. b. Model 1: adjusted for sampling postcode clustering and baseline PCA score
  4. c. Model 2: adjusted for model 1 and additionally adjusted for age, body mass index, smoking and physical activity, where appropriate