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Table 6 Proportion consumers (%) of each food group and changes in proportions during the study period

From: Time trends in nutrient intake and dietary patterns among five birth cohorts of 70-year-olds examined 1971–2016: results from the Gothenburg H70 birth cohort studies, Sweden

 WomenMen
Birth cohort1901–021911–12192219301944 1901–021911–12192219301944 
Examination years1971–721981–831992–932000–022014–16 1971–721981–831992–932000–022014–16 
 n = 188n = 130n = 136n = 321n = 474χ2n = 182n = 132n = 63n = 233n = 387χ2
Food groups%%%%%P value%%%%%P value
 Fish and shellfish/seafood98999898990.472989998981000.063
 Meat and processed meat1001009798980.1861009810099990.243
 Poultry6779667594< 0.00016767527492< 0.0001
 Eggs8189868994< 0.0001909410091960.006
 Potatoes100991009995< 0.00011009910098980.555
 Vegetables and pulses9899981001000.021949898100100< 0.0001
 Fruits and berries969899971000.00495999898990.010
 Keyhole milk products¶4045476134< 0.00012739404828< 0.0001
 Non-Keyhole milk products¶6071757582< 0.00016574677283< 0.0001
 Cream and crème fraîche5775838990< 0.00015265688284< 0.0001
 Cheese8795969698< 0.00018790959799< 0.0001
 Fast food0131029< 0.00010131233< 0.0001
 Pasta, rice and food grain5673899492< 0.00015464838894< 0.0001
 Bread refined8068637362< 0.00018184738366< 0.0001
 Bread fibre-rich6586909696< 0.00016779879494< 0.0001
 Cereals80858586790.04979807884820.659
 Savoury bakery6275686983< 0.000176777066770.015
 Sweet bakery95959394910.22893969192870.018
 Desserts8099888990< 0.00017695848893< 0.0001
 Sweet condiments94939394930.91294969294950.813
 Sweets, candy and chocolate6454798590< 0.00016159687182< 0.0001
 Salads002312< 0.000100228< 0.0001
 Soups9293838375< 0.00018892898376< 0.0001
 Sauces and condiments00437091< 0.000100307994< 0.0001
 Substitute products005217< 0.0001000211< 0.0001
 Margarine^87959395780.014909110094760.035
 Butter^40322734120.10946392232160.002
 Vegetable oil^40215823< 0.000121145221< 0.0001
 Snacks0061741< 0.00010001336< 0.0001
 Nuts and seeds00152276< 0.000101132072< 0.0001
 Juice2235436046< 0.00011025275956< 0.0001
 Coffee100999396950.02298999294940.025
 Tea10099346372< 0.00019899386071< 0.0001
 Soda41453745370.1393954596443< 0.0001
 Alcoholic beverages*3655758488< 0.00017583869292< 0.0001
  1. *Comparisons of consumers of alcoholic beverages are based on data from 1981 to 2016
  2. ^ Comparisons of consumers of margarine, butter and vegetable oils are based on data from 1971 to 2002
  3. ¶ Keyhole is the National Food Agency-labelling scheme, which guides healthy food choices. For milk and yogurt to meet the criteria for the Keyhole, fat content has to be limited to a maximum of 0.7%, and for flavoured products there is an additional limit for sugars: a maximum of 9%