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Table 2 Associations between adolescent alcohol consumption and subsequent change in BMI into midlife by smoking status in baseline and types of alcohol in crude and adjusted model

From: Adolescent wine consumption is inversely associated with long-term weight gain: results from follow-up of 20 or 22 years

  n Crude Adjustedb
β (95% CI)a P β (95% CI) P
Total alcohol intake 720 − 0.13 (− 0.27, 0.01) 0.079 − 0.14 (− 0.28, 0.005) 0.058
 Smokers 157 0.05 (− 0.20, 0.30) 0.70 0.11 (− 0.15, 0.36) 0.41
 Non-smokers 563 −0.22 (− 0.39, − 0.04) 0.01 − 0.24 (− 0.41, − 0.06) 0.008
Wine 660 − 0.52 (− 0.91, − 0.25) 0.001 − 0.46 (− 0.82, − 0.09) 0.01
 Smokers 140 − 0.10 (− 0.74,0.53) 0.74 −0.20(− 0.96, 0.57) 0.61
 Non-smokers 520 −0.79 (− 1.17, − 0.40) < 0.001 −0.76 (− 1.19, − 0,33) 0.008
Spirit 667 − 0.21 (− 0.77, 0.36) 0.47 0.26 (− 0.38, 0.90) 0.43
 Smokers 144 0.20 (−0.69, 1.09) 0.66 0.67 (−0.38, 1.72) 0.60
 Non-smokers 523 −0.58 (− 1.334, 0.17) 0.13 − 0.13 (− 0.98, 0.69) 0.74
Beer 695 −0.02 (− 0.25, 0.22) 0.90 − 0.11 (− 0.36, 0.15) 0.41
 Smokers 157 − 0.01 (− 0.42, 0.40) 0.95 −0.13 (− 0.57,0.31) 0.56
 Non-smokers 538 −0.04 (− 0.32,0.25) 0.79 − 0.11 (− 0.42,0.20) 0.50
  1. aThe estimated coefficient is per unit increase in consumption of alcohol
  2. bAdjusted for baseline SES, smoking (in combined analyses of smokers and non-smokers only), physical activity, baseline BMI, and sex. Analyses specific to alcohol types were additionally adjusted for other types of alcohol