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Table 2 Unadjusted Relationships to Understand Differences in Food Consumption by Socio-demographic Variables 

From: Examination of dietary habits among the indigenous Kuna Indians of Panama

  Fruits (95% CI) Vegetables (95% CI) Cacao (95% CI) Fish (95% CI) Sodas (95% CI) Fried Food (95% CI) Fast Food (95% CI) Junk Food (95% CI)
Age p = 0.23 p = 0.03 p = 0.99 p = 0.12 p = 0.05 p = 0.16 p = 0.001 p = 0.50
 18–39 57.8%
(46.5–68.6)
7.2% (2.7–15.1)* 42.7% (31.8–54.1) 40.2% (29.6–51.7) 38.6% (28.1–49.9) 48.2% (37.1–59.4) 73.5% (62.7–82.6)** 13.3% (6.8–22.5)
 40–59 70.2% (57.7–80.7) 16.4% (8.5–27.5)* 43.3% (31.2–56) 35.4% (23.9–48.2) 35.8% (24.5–48.5) 53.7% (41.1–50.7) 86.6% (76.0–93.7)** 11.9% (5.3–22.2)
 60–90 68.4%
(54.8–80.1)
3.5% (0.4–12.1)* 43.9% (30.7–57.6) 53.6% (39.7–67) 56.1% (42.4–69.3) 36.8% (24.4–50.7) 96.5% (87.9–99.6)** 7.0% (1.9–17.0)
Sex p = 0.52 p = 0.94 p = 0.09 p = 0.70 p = 0.60 p = 0.82 p = 0.001 p = 0.70
 Male 68.4% (54.8–80.1) 8.8% (2.9–19.3) 33.3% (21.4–47.1) 40.4% (27.6–54.2) 45.6% (32.4–59.3) 45.6% (32.3–59.3) 70.2% (56.6–81.6)** 12.3% (5.1–23.7)
 Female 63.6% (55.5–71.2) 9.1% (5.1–14.8) 46.4% (38.3–54.6) 43.3% (35.3–51.7) 41.6% (33.7–49.8) 47.4% (39.3–55.6) 89.6% (83.7–93.9)** 10.4% (6.1–16.3)
Education p = 0.20 p = 0.86 p = 0.71 p = 0.17 p = 0.72 p = 0.99 p < 0.001 p = 0.47
 None 80.0% (63.1–91.6) 11.4% (3.2–26.7) 48.6% (31.4–66.0) 45.5% (28.1–63.6) 45.7% (28.8–63.4) 45.7% (28.8–63.4) 100.0% (90–100)*** 5.7% (0.7–19.2)
 Primary 66.7% (52.9–78.6) 8.8% (2.9–19.3) 40.4% (27.6–54.2) 48.2% (34.7–62) 42.1% (29.1–55.9) 47.4% (34–61) 96.5% (87.9–99.6)*** 14.0% (6.3–25.8)
 Secondary 63.6% (53.7–72.6) 8.4% (3.9–15.4) 41.5% (32–51.5) 34.0% (25–43.8) 38.3% (29.1–48.2) 46.7% (37–56.6) 71.0% (61.5–79.4)*** 11.2% (5.9–18.8)
Monthly Income p = 0.05 p = 0.22 p = 0.02 p = 0.001 p = 0.02 p = 0.52 p < 0.001 p = 0.04
 Poor 72.2% (62.8–80.4) 6.5% (2.6–12.9) 51.4% (41.5–61.2)* 54.8% (44.7–64.6)** 50.9% (41.1–60.7)* 50.0% (40.2–59.8) 95.4% (89.5–98.5)*** 15.7% (9.4–24)*
 Low-Moderate 57.1%
(45.4–68.4)
7.8% (2.9–16.2) 37.7% (26.9–49.4)* 28.6% (18.8–40)** 29.9% (20–41.4)* 41.6% (30.4–53.4) 70.1% (58.6–80)*** 5.2% (1.4–12.8)*
 Moderate-High 52.2% (30.6–73.2) 17.4% (5–38.8) 21.7% (7.5–43.7)* 30.4%(13.2–52.9)** 47.8% (26.8–69.4)* 47.8% (26.8–69.4) 78.3% (56.3–92.5)*** 4.4% (0.01–21.9)*
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001