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Table 6 Background data among food intake patterns during 2008–2016 for men in the Northern Sweden Diet Database (n = 26 126)

From: Changes in food intake patterns during 2000–2007 and 2008–2016 in the population-based Northern Sweden Diet Database

  Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 P-value
High-fat spread and high-fat dairy (n = 14 905) Fast food, bacon/sausage and fried potato (n = 5 629) Fruit, vegetables and oil (n = 2 804) Sandwiches (n = 2 788)
Age (yrs) 50.9 (8.2) 46.9 (7.4) 51.9 (7.9) 51.6 (8.0) < 0.001
Body weight (kg) 87.0 (14.0) 88.6 (15.0) 86.8 (14.2) 88.1 (15.1) < 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.0 (4.0) 27.6 (4.2) 27.1 (4.0) 27.5 (4.4) < 0.001
Marital statusa (%)      < 0.001
 Married/cohabitating 79.5 75.5 81.9 75.9  
 Unmarried/other 20.5 24.5 18.1 24.1  
Education (%)      < 0.001
 Secondary school or less 71.1 71.1 52.9 74.6  
 Academic education 28.9 28.9 47.1 25.4  
Physical activity indexb (%)      < 0.001
 Inactive 14.2 18.6 14.1 15.4  
 Moderately inactive 24.3 25.1 21.2 25.9  
 Moderately active 30.1 30.8 27.3 30.2  
 Active 31.4 25.5 37.3 28.5  
Smoking (%)      < 0.001
 Smoker 12.4 16.3 9.5 13.1  
 Former smoker 28.6 25.1 33.7 30.6  
 Never smoker 59.1 58.7 56.9 56.3  
  1. Values are mean (SD) and proportions. Continuous variables were analysed using ANOVA and categorical variables were analysed using Chi-square test. aIn total, 78 men are missing information on marital status. bIn total, 1900 men are missing information on physical activity