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Table 5 Background data among food intake patterns during 2000–2007 for men in the Northern Sweden Diet Database (n = 23 107)

From: Changes in food intake patterns during 2000–2007 and 2008–2016 in the population-based Northern Sweden Diet Database

  Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 P-value
High-fat spread, high-fat dairy and sugar/jam (n = 9 604) Sandwiches (n = 5 437) Fried potato and fast food (n = 4 260) Fruit, vegetables, oil and high-fiber cereals (n = 3 806)
Age (yrs) 50.7 (8.0) 50.9 (7.9) 45.7 (6.9) 52.3 (7.7) < 0.001
Body weight (kg) 84.1 (12.7) 86.6 (13.5) 86.0 (13.2) 86.2 (13.2) < 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.3 (3.6) 27.1 (3.8) 26.8 (3.8) 27.0 (3.7) < 0.001
Marital statusa (%)      < 0.001
 Married/cohabitating 79.0 82.4 78.2 84.3  
 Unmarried/other 21.0 17.6 21.8 15.7  
Education (%)      < 0.001
 Secondary school or less 80.6 79.4 72.9 60.4  
 Academic education 19.4 20.6 27.1 39.6  
Physical activity indexb (%)      < 0.001
 Inactive 14.9 17.4 18.0 17.1  
 Moderately inactive 31.0 31.5 31.8 28.9  
 Moderately active 31.4 28.0 29.3 25.7  
 Active 22.7 23.0 20.9 28.3  
Smoking (%)      < 0.001
 Smoker 18.9 16.0 18.1 11.5  
 Former smoker 32.6 36.6 29.7 38.0  
 Never smoker 48.6 47.4 52.2 50.5  
  1. Values are mean (SD) and proportions. Continuous variables were analysed using ANOVA and categorical variables were analysed using Chi-square test. aIn total, 111 men are missing information on marital status. bIn total, 1101 men are missing information on physical activity