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Table 1 Characteristics of the included studies and their results

From: Prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in men and premenopausal women with celiac disease: a systematic review

Author, year, country Population study Gender (F/M) Study design Sample size NBMD osteopenia osteoporosis
Nina, 2005, UK < 55y/o 67%F CS 24 out of 43 Femoral: 67% lumbar: 83% Femoral: 29% lumbar:17% Femoral: 4% lumbar: 0%
Kocsis, 2013, Hungary F < 50 y/o Men⃰ 73%F 32%M CS 113 Total:46% Total:36% Total:18%
Singh, 2016, US F < 50 y/o 56% F CS 43 Total:34.9% Total:48.8% Total:16.3%
Sudheer, 2012, India < 50 y/o 55%F 45%M CS 54 Total: 39% Total:43% Total:18%
Pritchard, 2015, UK < 55 y/o 66%F 33%M CS 89 Total:56% Total:28% Total:5%
Meyer, 2001,US Pre/Men**⃰ 53%F 47% M CS 49 out of 128 Men:20% Pre:50% Men: 80% Pre: 42% Men: 45% Pre: %8
Szymczak, 2012, Poland Pre /Men 83%F 17%M CC 35 Femoral 17% Lumbar; 14% Femoral:62/8% Lumbar: 57/2 Femoral 20% lumbar: 28/6
Silva, 2015, Brazil < 50 y/o No information CS 77 Femoral:40% Lumbar:38.9% Femoral:46.7% Lumbar:48% Femoral:13% Lumbar:13%
  1. Pre: premenopausal, NBMD: Normal bone mineral density
  2. *Mean age in men was 37(18-78 yr)
  3. **Age in men: (59 ± 15)