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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression by fat content of consumed non-fermented milk

From: Dairy intake revisited – associations between dairy intake and lifestyle related cardio-metabolic risk factors in a high milk consuming population

  Non-fermented milk p-value
0.5% fat
n = 5237
1.5% fat
n = 25,667
3% fat
n = 5352
ANOVA
OR (95% CI)a
 BMI 1.00 0.63 (0.58, 0.69)< 0.001 0.52 (0.47, 0.57)< 0.001  
 S-Cholesterol 1.00 1.10 (1.01, 1.20)0.025 1.13 (1.02, 1.26)0.026  
 S-Triglycerides 1.00 0.96 (0.87, 1.08) 0.90 (0.79, 1.04)  
 S-HDLb 1.00 1.13 (0.84, 1.53) 1.30 (0.92, 1.83)  
 S-LDLb 1.00 1.22 (1.01, 1.46)0.039 1.40 (1.12, 1.74)0.003  
 B-Glucose 1.00 0.89 (0.79, 1.00)0.042 0.96 (0.83, 1.11)  
 Blood pressure 1.00 1.04 (0.96, 1.14) 0.92 (0.82, 1.03)  
Adjusted mean (95% CI)
 BMI 26.8 (26.7, 30.0) 25.8 (25.8, 25.9) 25.3 (25.2, 25.5) < 0.001
 S-Cholesterol 5.36 (5.32, 5.39) 5.42 (5.41, 5.44) 5.47 (5.44, 5.52) < 0.001
 S-Triglycerides 1.27 (1.25, 1.30) 1.27 (1.26, 1.28) 1.26 (1.24, 1.29) 0.841
 S-HDLb 1.42 (1.40, 1.45) 1.43 (1.42, 1.44) 1.43 (1.41, 1.45) 0.872
 S-LDLb 3.26 (3.19, 3.33) 3.33 (3.31, 3.36) 3.43 (3.38, 3.48) < 0.001
 B-Glucose 5.43 (5.40, 5.46) 5.39 (5.37, 5.40) 5.40 (5.38, 5.43) 0.013
 Systolic blood pressure 123 (123, 124) 124 (123, 124) 124 (123, 124) 0.964
 Diastolic blood pressure 77.7 (77.3, 78,0) 77.7 (77.5, 77.8) 77.4 (77.1, 77.7) 0.316
 Healthy Diet Score 13.0 (12.9, 13.1) 11.8 (11.7, 11.8) 11.4 (11.3, 11.5) < 0.001
 DII-score 0.79 (0.75, 0.84) 1.15 (1.13, 1.17) 1.38 (1.33, 1.43) < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, LDL low density lipoprotein, HDL high density lipoprotein, DII dietary inflammation index
  2. OR (95% CI with statistically significant p-values in superscript) from multivariable logistic regression for being categorized with an undesirable level of BMI, cholesterol (total, HDL or LDL) or triglycerides and increasing intake of non-fermented milk of different fat content in subjects reporting exclusive consumption of one milk type. Low fat milk is the reference category. The lower section shows sex and age adjusted means for the same variables and scores for the Healthy Diet Score and the DII-score. S-cholesterol and S-triglycerides were also adjusted for if the analyses were performed before or after the change of analyses methods
  3. aFully adjusted models, including cheese type, sex, age, screening year, education, BMI, physical activity, smoking, intakes of fruits and vegetables, alcohol and non-alcohol energy, are presented. The models with overweight did not include BMI. Models including S-cholesterol or S-triglyceride were also adjusted for whether the analyses were performed before or after the change of laboratory analysis method. Interactions with gender was tested and found non-significant
  4. bSubjects participating 2010 and later; n = 651, 5185 and 1141, respectively