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Table 1 Characteristics for the 29–65 year old women (n = 46,462) and men (n = 44,050) at recruitment to the study

From: Dairy intake revisited – associations between dairy intake and lifestyle related cardio-metabolic risk factors in a high milk consuming population

  Women Men
N mean (95% CI) or proportion (%) % classified as undesirable N mean (95% CI) or proportion (%) % classified as undesirable
BMI, kg/m2 46,462a 25.2 (25.2, 25.2) 42.9% (BMI > 25) 44,050 26.2 (26.1, 26.2) 59.2% (BMI > 25)
S-Cholesterol, mmol/l 46,293a 5.55 (5.54, 5.56) 60.8% (≥5.2 mmol/l) 43,900 5.72 (5.71, 5.73) 68.4% (≥5.2 mmol/l)
S-Triglycerides, mmol/l 43,938a 1.05 (1.04,1.05) 2.0% (≥1.7 mmol/l) 38,230 1.19 (1.18, 1.19) 7.1% (≥1.7 mmol/l)
S-HDL, mmol/lb 8,398b 1.55 (1.54, 1.56) 4.6% (< 1.0 mmol/l) 8496 1.29 (1.28, 1.30) 18.8% (< 1.0 mmol/l)
S-LDL, mmol/lb 8,369b 3.13 (3.11, 3.15) 48.3% (> 3.0 mmol/l) 8287 3.54 (3.52, 3.56) 70.0% (> 3.0 mmol/l)
B-Glucose 0 h, mmol/l 46,294a 5.32 (5.31, 5.33) 10.4% (≥6.1 mmol/l) 43,899 5.40 (5.39, 5.40) 13.2% (≥6.1 mm9 l/l)
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 46,101a 121.2 (121.0, 121.3) 21.8% (≥130 mmHg) 43,783 126.6 (126.5, 126.7) 30.2% (≥130 mmHg)
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 46,082a 75.5 (75.5, 75.6) 24.7% (≥80 mmHg) 43,766 79.5 (79.4, 79.6) 37.8% (≥80 mmHg)
High blood pressure 44,082a   31.1% (dbp or sbt ↑) 43,766   44.9% (dbp or sbt ↑)
Education, academic level, % 46,195a 35.7   43,858 26.2  
Smoking, present smoker, % 46,105a 21.0   43,447 19.1  
Swedish snuff, present user, % 43,908a 7.9   42,631 27.8  
Inactive at leisure time, % 45,846a 17.0   43,433 17.7  
Total fat intake, E% 46,462a 34.3 (34.2, 34.3)   44,050 37.8 (37.8, 37.9)  
Saturated fat intake, E% 46,462a 14.3 (14.2, 14.3)   44,050 16.0 (15.9, 16.0)  
Protein intake, E% 46,462a 15.2 (15.2, 15.2)   44,050 14.6 (14.6, 14.7)  
Carbohydrate intake, E% 46,462a 49.8 (49.8, 49.9)   44,050 46.5 (46.4, 46.6)  
Sucrose, E% 46,462a 6.56 (6.53, 6.59)   44,050 6.39 (6.36, 6.42)  
  1. Age adjusted means (95% CI limits) are presented for continuous variables and percent for categorical variables. Proportions (%) classified with undesirable levels are given with cut-off limits in parentheses
  2. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, LDL low density lipoprotein, HDL high density lipoprotein, E% energy in per cent of total energy
  3. aData were collected from 1991 through 2016 and represent subjects without serum lipid, blood pressure or blood glucose lowering medication and no self-reported diabetes or myocardial infarction
  4. bData are from 2010 to 2016 when HDL and LDL were estimated in all participants. Before 2010 HDL and LDL were performed at risk indications. In total, HDL was measured in 18,240 women and 18,915 men, and LDL in 11,520 women and 11,978 men. The differences between all measurements and those after 2010 in mean values or proportions with undesirable values were modest