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Table 2 Distribution of nutritional characteristics among mothers of cases and controls in public health facilities of Dessie Town, Northeast Ethiopia, 2017

From: A health facility based case-control study on determinants of low birth weight in Dassie town, Northeast Ethiopia: the role of nutritional factors

Variables Cases Controls Total
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Height (cm)
 < 150 22 (23.7) 23 (12.4) 45 (16.1)
 > =150 71 (76.3) 163 (87.6) 234 (83.9)
MUAC (cm)
 < 23 49 (52.7) 25 (13.4) 74 (26.5)
 > =23 44 (47.3) 161 (86.6) 205 (73.5)
Iron and folate supplementation
 Yes 64 (68.8) 166 (89.2) 230 (82.4)
 No 29 (31.2) 20 (10.8) 49 (17.6)
Any multivitamin use
 Yes 9 (9.7) 36 (19.4) 45 (16.1)
 No 84 (90.3) 150 (80.6) 234 (83.9)
Nutritional counseling during pregnancy
 Yes 40 (43.0) 153 (82.3) 193 (69.2)
 No 53 (57.0) 33 (17.7) 86 (30.8)
Additional food intake during pregnancy
 Yes 34 (36.6) 134 (72) 168 (60.2)
 No 59 (63.4) 52 (28) 111 (39.8)
MDD-Wa
 inadequate 87 (93.5) 117 (62.9) 204 (73.1)
 adequate 6 (6.5) 69 (37.1) 75 (26.9)
Anemia present
 Yes (Hb < 11 g/dl) 30 (32.3) 17 (9.1) 47 (16.8)
 No (Hb ≥11 g/dl) 63 (67.7) 169 (90.9) 232 (83.2)
Eating out of home
 Yes 81 (87.1) 167 (89.8) 248 (88.9)
 No 12 (12.9) 19 (10.2) 31 (11.1)
Khat chewing
 Yes 33 (35.5) 50 (26.9) 83 (29.7)
 No 60 (64.5) 136 (73.1) 196 (70.3)
Alcohol consumption
 Yes 5 (5.4) 15 (8.1) 20 (7.2)
 No 88 (94.6) 171 (91.9) 259 (92.8)
  1. aMDD-W indicates minimum dietary diversity for women