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Table 1 Background characteristics of participating pupils in JHS

From: Ramadan fasting alters food patterns, dietary diversity and body weight among Ghanaian adolescents

Characteristic Summary values (n = 366)
Pupil characteristics
Sex, n (%)
 Female 184 (50.3)
Age in years, (mean ± SD) 15.9 ± 1.8
Class of pupil, n (%)
 JHS 1 188 (51.4)
 JHS 2 178 (48.6)
Ethnicity, n (%)
 Dagomba 319 (87.2)
 Gonja 26 (7.1)
 Others 21 (5.7)
Nutritional status (BMI-for-age classification), n (%)
 Underweight 23 (6.3)
 Normal 321 (87.7)
 Overweight/obese 22 (6.0)
Live with parents, n (%)
 Yes 286 (78.1)
Pocket money to school
 Yes 339 (92.6)
Parent characteristics
Father’s educational level, n (%)
 None 195 (53.3)
 Primary/JHS 98 (26.8)
 SHS/Tertiary 73 (19.9)
Father’s occupation, n (%)
 Farmer 120 (32.8)
 Trader 74 (20.2)
 Civil servant 33 (9.0)
 Others 139 (38.0)
Wives of father, n (%)
 At least two wives 210 (57.4)
Mother’s educational level, n (%)
 None 256 (69.9)
 Primary/JHS 83 (22.7)
 SHS/Tertiary 27 (7.4)
Mother’s occupation, n (%)
 Farmer 34 (9.3)
 Trader 262 (71.6)
 Civil servant 6 (1.6)
 Others 64 (17.5)
Mother’s position, n (%)
 First wife 277 (75.7)
 Other 89 (24.3)
Household characteristics
Family type, n (%)
 Extended 214 (58.5)
 Nuclear 152 (41.5)
Family head, n (%)
 Father 216 (59.0)
 Grandfather 61 (16.7)
 Mother 15 (4.1)
 Grandmother 24 (6.6)
 Others 50 (13.7)
Household size, n (%)
 At least 10 members 240 (65.6)
Number of household members below 20 years, mean ± SD 6.2 ± 4.1