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Table 3 Relationship between vegetable intake variety and prevalence of cardiometabolic disease among adults, 1999–2014

From: Greater vegetable variety and amount are associated with lower prevalence of coronary heart disease: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2014

Cardiometabolic disease outcome Variety quintile 1 Variety quintile 2 Variety quintile 3 Variety quintile 4 Variety quintile 5 P-trend
Odds ratio (95% CI)       
 Cardiometabolic Referent 0.85 (0.72–1.01) 0.98 (0.82–1.16) 0.97 (0.82–1.15) 1.00 (0.84–1.19) 0.496
 Cardiovascular Referent 0.90 (0.69–1.18) 0.93 (0.71–1.20) 0.81 (0.63–1.05) 0.85 (0.64–1.12) 0.145
 Coronary heart Referent 0.93 (0.67–1.28) 0.91 (0.65–1.27) 0.73 (0.54–1.01) 0.76 (0.54–1.08) 0.032
 Stroke Referent 0.91 (0.66–1.25) 0.97 (0.70–1.34) 0.94 (0.69–1.29) 1.00 (0.75–1.35) 0.882
 Diabetes Referent 0.82 (0.68–0.98) 0.93 (0.77–1.13) 0.99 (0.82–1.19) 1.04 (0.86–1.26) 0.198
  1. Adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, race/ethnicity, intake of fatty acids (unsaturated:saturated), intake of added sugar, income-to-poverty ratio, and education
  2. Maximum possible variety score is 64
  3. Median vegetable variety scores for each quintile are: quintile 1 = 0, quintile 2 = 0.17, quintile 3 = 0.33, quintile 4 = 0.43, quintile 5 = 0.52
  4. Cardiometabolic disease includes coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes
  5. Cardiovascular disease includes coronary heart disease and stroke