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Table 3 Hierarchical multiple logistic regression for demographic (level 1), nutritional (level 2) and behavioral (level 3) correlates of metabolic syndrome of adolescents from Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, 2016

From: Correlates of metabolic syndrome among young Brazilian adolescents population

Correlates OR Crude (95% CI)a OR Adjusted (95% CI)b
Level 1 – Demographic Indicators
 Age
  12–15 years Reference Reference
  16–18 years 1.26 (1.03–1.88) 1.22 (1.04–1.73)
 Economic class
  Class D-E (Low) Reference Reference
  Class C 1.17 (0.98–1.73) 1.15 (0.97–1.61)
  Class B-A (High) 1.29 (1.03–2.13) 1.25 (1.07–1.96)
 Schooling of Parents/Guardians
   ≤ 4 years Reference Reference
  5–8 years 1.14 (0.95–1.77) 1.11 (0.93–1.71)
  9–11 years 1.18 (0.97–1.95) 1.14 (0.96–1.82)
   ≥ 12 years 1.24 (1.01–2.06) 1.19 (0.98–1.89)
Level 2 – Nutritional Anthropometric status
 Body mass index
  Low weight Reference Reference
  Normal weight 1.16 (0.97–1.77) 1.10 (0.95–1.69)
  Overweight 1.25 (1.02–2.17) 1.18 (0.98–1.99)
  Obesity 1.67 (1.29–2.78) 1.52 (1.24–2.41)
Level 3 – Behavioral indicators
 Physical activity
  Less active 1.23 (1.02–2.04) 1.18 (0.98–1.87)
  Moderately Active 1.19 (0.99–1.83) 1.13 (0.96–1.69)
  More active Reference Reference
 Screen Time
   ≤ 2 h/day Reference Reference
   > 2 h/day 1.29 (1.05–2.11) 1.26 (1.05–1.94)
 Fruits/vegetables intake
  No intake 1.59 (1.24–2.65) 1.49 (1.23–2.41)
  Intake 1–4 days/week 1.29 (1.08–2.27) 1.24 (1.06–2.03)
  Intake ≥5 days/week Reference Reference
 Sweetened products/soft drinks intake
  No intake Reference Reference
  Intake 1–4 days/week 1.15 (0.94–1.98) 1.09 (0.93–1.76)
  Intake ≥5 days/week 1.21 (1.01–2.17) 1.14 (0.97–1.96)
  1. aUnadjusted odds ratio
  2. bOdds ratio adjusted by the other variables included in the model