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Table 4 Risk for plaque and total plaque area at baseline according to categories of fish consumption: the Tromsø Study

From: Fish consumption, fish oil supplements and risk of atherosclerosis in the Tromsø study

Fish servings (times/wk) N
3900
Plaque
N (%)
Risk for plaque
OR (95% CI)
TPAa
mm2 (SE)
Total fish
  < 1 258 124 (48.1) 1.29 (0.95–1.74) 2.17 (0.14)
 1–1.9 1325 594 (44.8) 1 (Reference) 2.01 (0.06)
 2–2.9 977 459 (47.0) 0.86 (0.71–1.04) 1.86 (0.07)
  ≥ 3 1340 707 (52.8) 1.01 (0.84–1.20) 2.03 (0.06)
p-trend    0.4 0.7
Fatty fish
  < 1 1841 832 (45.2) 0.95 (0.82–1.11) 1.94 (0.05)
 1–1.9 1518 738 (48.6) 1 (Reference) 1.99 (0.06)
  ≥ 2 541 314 (58.0) 1.20 (0.96–1.51) 2.16 (0.10)
p-trend    0.06 0.07
Lean fish
  < 1 330 163 (49.4) 1.34 (1.03–1.76) 2.18 (0.13)
 1–1.9 1437 652 (45.4) 1 (Reference) 1.99 (0.06)
  ≥ 2 2133 1069 (50.1) 0.93 (0.80–1.09) 1.96 (0.05)
p –trend    0. 02 0.2
  1. Models were adjusted for age, sex, systolic blood pressure, current smoking, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, diabetes, leucocyte count, monocyte count, fibrinogen, CRP and anti-hypertensive medication
  2. TPA Total plaque area
  3. aSquare root transformed