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Table 4 Energy and selected nutrient intake (mean and 95% confidence interval) across quartiles of the BALANCE dietary index among men and women with a history of cardiovascular disease

From: Development of a dietary index based on the Brazilian Cardioprotective Nutritional Program (BALANCE)

Dietary component MEN WOMEN
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
n 300 299 299 299 211 212 212 212
BALANCE index range 0; 13.31 13.32; 18.33 18.34; 24.79 24.80; 38.62 0; 14.51 14.52; 20.54 20.55; 25.59 25.61; 39.59
 Energy, Kcal 1851 (1777; 1926) 1629 (1560; 1697) 1453 (1396; 1509) 1345 (1293; 1398) 1498 (1416; 1579) 1279 (1206; 1351) 1213 (1140; 1287) 1169 (1116; 1221)
 Protein, % Kcal 19.2 (18.4; 20.0) 19.2 (18.3; 19.8) 19.2 (18.5; 19.9) 18.3 (17.7; 18.9)1 17.5 (16.6; 18.5) 18.7 (17.9; 19.7) 17.8 (17.1; 18.6) 18.8 (18.1; 19.6)
Carbohydrate, % Kcal 48.0 (46.6; 49.3) 50.8 (49.6; 52.0) 54.6 (53.4; 55.8) 58.7 (57.5; 59.9) 51.3 (49.8; 52.7) 54.1 (52.7; 55.6) 57.2 (55.6; 58.8) 59.3 (57.8; 60.7)
 Total fat, % Kcal 32.9 (31.9; 33.8) 30.8 (29.9; 31.8) 27.2 (26.3; 28.1) 24.9 (24.0; 25.8) 31.7 (30.5; 32.9) 28.2 (27.0; 29.4) 26.9 (25.7; 28.2) 24.1 (23.0; 25.2)
 Saturated, % Kcal 10.9 (10.5; 11.3) 8.4 (9.4; 10.1) 8.4 (8.0; 8.8) 7.1 (6.8; 7.5) 11.0 (10.5; 11.5) 9.2 (8.7; 9.7) 8.4 (7.9; 8.7) 7.2 (6.8; 7.7)
Monounsaturated, % Kcal 9.1 (8.7; 9.5) 9.8 (8.2;9.0) 7.7 (7.3; 8.1) 6.9 (6.6; 7.2) 8.8 (8.3; 9.2) 7.5 (7.0; 7.9) 7.3 (6.8; 7.8) 6.9 (6.3; 7.4)
Polyunsaturated, % Kcal 7.5 (7.1; 7.9) 7.9 (7.5; 8.4) 7.4 (7.1; 7.8) 7.3 (7.0; 7.7)1 6.9 (6.4;7.3) 7.3 (6.8; 7.8) 7.1 (6.6;7.6) 6.7 (6.3; 7.1)1
Cholesterol, mg/1000 Kcal 162 (149; 174) 141 (130; 152) 133 (121; 145) 111 (102; 120) 147 (134; 160) 130 (119; 141) 113 (101; 125) 103 (94; 112)
 Sodium, mg/1000 Kcal 1922 (1845; 2000) 1818 (1752; 1885) 1860 (1800; 1920) 2090 (1762; 2417)1 1760 (1678; 1852) 1873 (1748; 1999) 1798 (1711; 1884) 1777 (1690; 1863)1
 Fiber, g/1000 Kcal 10.1 (9.6; 10.6) 12.3 (11.8; 12.9) 14.5 (13.8; 15.1) 17.8 (17.0; 18.6) 10.2 (9.5; 10.9) 13.2 (12.4; 13.9) 15.0 (14.0; 16.0) 17.2 (16.2; 18.2)
  1. BALANCE = Brazilian Cardioprotective Nutritional Program. 1The P-value for linear trend was not significant (≥ 0,05). All others were significant, P < 0,05