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Table 2 β estimate and confidence interval (CI) for the association between DII and biochemical variables in male patients candidate for CABG

From: Dietary inflammatory index: a potent association with cardiovascular risk factors among patients candidate for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery

Quartiles of DII score
Variable 1st quartile 2nd quartile 3rd quartile 4th quartile
N = 89 N = 84 N = 83 N = 76
HbA1C (%) 1 (Ref.) 1.03 (0.85-1.24) 1.18 (0.99-1.41)* 0.89 (0.71 – 1.12)
TC (mg/dl) 1 (Ref.) 1.02 (0.99-1.04) 1.01 (1.00-1.03)* 1.02 (0.99-1.04)*
TG (mg/dl) 1 (Ref.) 0.99 (0.98 – 1.00)* 0.99 (0.99-1.002) 0.99 (0.98 -0.99)*
LDL (mg/dl) 1 (Ref.) 0.98 (0.96-1.02) 0.99 (0.98-1.01) 1.001 (0.98-1.02)
HDL (mg/dl) 1 (Ref.) 0.96 (0.92-1.01) −0.95 (0.90-0.99)* −0.95 (0.91-1.00)*
HCT (%) 1 (Ref.) 0.99 (0.93-1.05) 1.02 (0.96-1.07) 0.99 (0.93-1.06)
Albumin (g/dL) 1 (Ref.) 0.64 (0.25-1.68) 0.61 (0.23-1.63) 0.41 (0.14-1.14)*
Creatinine (mg/dL) 1 (Ref.) 1.31 (0.32-5.39) 0.84 (0.17-3.96) 0.14 (0.02-0.82)*
BUN (mg/dL) 1 (Ref.) 1.02 (0.99-1.05) 1.009 (0.97-1.04) 1.04 (1.01-1.08)*
Lipoprotein (a) (mg/dL) 1 (Ref.) 1.004 (0.99-1.01) 1.01 (0.99-1.02) 1.01 (0.99 – 1.02)
CRP (mg/dL) 1 (Ref.) 0.96 (0.89-1.05) 0.87 (0.76 -0.99)* 0.97 (0.89-1.06)
  1. Hb hemoglobin, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, LDL low density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL high density lipoprotein cholesterol, HCT hematocrit, BUN blood urea nitrogen, CRP C-reactive protein. The β estimate and confidence interval (CI) was estimated using linear regression model adjusting for the confounding effects of age, gender, BMI, educational attainment and presence of diabetes and myocardial infarction.* Indicates statistically significant values as P < 0.05