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Table 5 Young adulthood bone variables across the quartile groups of each dietary patterns derived during adolescence1

From: Vegetarian-style dietary pattern during adolescence has long-term positive impact on bone from adolescence to young adulthood: a longitudinal study

  Dietary pattern score quartiles2 P value
  Quartile1 (n = 29) Quartile2 (n = 29) Quartile3 (n = 29) Quartile4 (n = 28)  
Vegetarian-style
 TBBMC 2592.38 ± 46.12a 2693.36 ± 46.12a,b 2813.68 ± 47.22b 2709.64 ± 49.25a,b 0.016
 TBaBMD 1.14 ± 0.01a 1.18 ± 0.01a,b 1.21 ± 0.01b 1.18 ± 0.01a,b 0.017
 FNBMC 4.69 ± 0.12a 5.02 ± 0.12a,b 5.19 ± 0.12b 5.08 ± 0.12a,b 0.042
 FNaBMD 0.87 ± 0.02a 0.92 ± 0.02a,b 0.95 ± 0.02b 0.89 ± 0.02a,b 0.020
 LSBMC 66.27 ± 1.91 71.75 ± 1.91 72.17 ± 2.04 68.91 ± 2.04 0.14
 LSaBMD 1.00 ± 0.02 1.06 ± 0.02 1.08 ± 0.02 1.04 ± 0.02 0.09
Western-like
 TBBMC 2742.45 ± 47.45 2688.48 ± 47.62 2745.88 ± 48.22 2629.84 ± 48.24 0.28
 TBaBMD 1.18 ± 0.01 1.17 ± 0.01 1.20 ± 0.01 1.15 ± 0.01 0.24
 FNBMC 5.04 ± 0.11 4.91 ± 0.11 5.15 ± 0.12 4.90 ± 0.12 0.39
 FNaBMD 0.91 ± 0.02 0.90 ± 0.02 0.93 ± 0.02 0.90 ± 0.02 0.71
 LSBMC 70.10 ± 2.01 71.31 ± 1.90 71.34 ± 2.02 66.12 ± 2.02 0.25
 LSaBMD 1.05 ± 0.02 1.05 ± 0.02 1.07 ± 0.02 1.01 ± 0.02 0.35
High-fat, high-protein
 TBBMC 2715.42 ± 48.68 2692.14 ± 50.25 2684.42 ± 48.58 2712.85 ± 47.85 0.96
 TBaBMD 1.18 ± 0.01 1.18 ± 0.01 1.17 ± 0.01 1.18 ± 0.01 0.98
 FNBMC 5.02 ± 0.11 5.20 ± 0.11 4.74 ± 0.11 5.08 ± 0.12 0.07
 FNaBMD 0.90 ± 0.02 0.93 ± 0.02 0.88 ± 0.02 0.92 ± 0.02 0.27
 LSBMC 67.90 ± 2.01 72.40 ± 2.11 68.60 ± 2.04 70.0 ± 2.04 0.45
 LSaBMD 1.02 ± 0.02 1.07 ± 0.02 1.04 ± 0.02 1.06 ± 0.02 0.41
Mixed
 TBBMC 2713.25 ± 48.32 2700.38 ± 48.32 2721.25 ± 48.32 2668 ± 49.12 0.88
 TBaBMD 1.17 ± 0.01 1.19 ± 0.01 1.18 ± 0.01 1.17 ± 0.01 0.78
 FNBMC 5.11 ± 0.12 5.11 ± 0.12 4.90 ± 0.12 4.88 ± 0.12 0.28
 FNaBMD 0.91 ± 0.02 0.93 ± 0.02 0.89 ± 0.02 0.89 ± 0.02 0.46
 LSBMC 68.67 ± 2.02 70.18 ± 2.02 72.52 ± 2.02 67.52 ± 2.02 0.36
 LSaBMD 1.04 ± 0.02 1.06 ± 0.02 1.07 ± 0.02 1.02 ± 0.02 0.50
Snack
 TBBMC 2673.32 ± 45.45 2780.77 ± 47.32 2652 ± 46.87 2699 ± 47.35 0.24
 TBaBMD 1.17 ± 0.01 1.20 ± 0.01 1.17 ± 0.01 1.17 ± 0.01 0.58
 FNBMC 5.01 ± 0.12 5.01 ± 0.12 4.80 ± 0.13 5.07 ± 0.13 0.64
 FNaBMD 0.92 ± 0.02 0.90 ± 0.02 0.88 ± 0.02 0.92 ± 0.02 0.41
 LSBMC 68.22 ± 1.9 72.04 ± 2.02 68.11 ± 2.02 70.51 ± 2.02 0.45
 LSaBMD 1.05 ± 0.02 1.07 ± 0.02 1.03 ± 0.02 1.04 ± 0.02 0.58
  1. Abbreviations: aBMD areal bone mineral density, BMC bone mineral accrual, FN femoral neck, LS lumber spine, TB total body
  2. 1Values are Mean ± SE. Mean young adulthood bone variables were adjusted for sex and age of peak height velocity and young adult age, height, weight, physical activity score, total energy intake and other four adolescence dietary pattern scores as continuous variables and were compared across quartiles of adolescence dietary pattern scores using MANCOVA with Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons. Labeled means in a row without a common superscript letter differ, P < 0.05
  3. 2Participants in Quartile 4 have the highest adherence to the DPs in adolescence