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Table 2 Correlation coefficients abetween subject characteristics, dietary energy and nutrient intakes and each factor

From: Food intake patterns and cardiovascular risk factors in Japanese adults: analyses from the 2012 National Health and nutrition survey, Japan

  Men Women
Traditional Japanese Westernized Meat and fat Traditional Japanese Westernized Meat and fat
 Age at survey (yrs) 0.321 0.108 −0.378 0.354 0.024 −0.316
 Height (cm) −0.133 −0.011b 0.253 −0.162 0.063 0.209
 Body weight (kg) −0.007b −0.019b 0.152 −0.008b −0.004b 0.080
 Abdominal circumference (cm) 0.095 0.003b −0.025 0.127 −0.032 −0.078
 BMI 0.071 −0.020b 0.016b 0.086 −0.047 −0.039
 Steps per day 0.022b −0.008b 0.125 0.003b 0.063 0.123
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 0.112 −0.028 −0.091 0.207 −0.038 −0.135
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) −0.017b −0.042 0.056 0.107 −0.001b −0.027
 Serum total cholesterol (mg/dL) −0.027 0.023b 0.129 0.094 0.123 −0.009b
 Serum HDLcholesterol (mg/dL) −0.003b −0.004b 0.092 −0.048 0.100 0.093
 Serum LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) −0.063 0.051 0.094 0.056 0.093 −0.011b
 HbA1c (%) 0.156 0.049 −0.142 0.193 0.009b −0.120
Energy and nutrient intakes
 Energy (kcal) 0.357 −0.065 0.313 0.405 0.102 0.234
 Protein (g) 0.534 0.011 0.212 0.534 0.076 0.156
 Fat (%energy) 0.090 0.138 0.469 0.105 0.209 0.429
 ω-3 fatty acids (g) 0.338 −0.117 0.008b 0.348 −0.091 0.008b
 ω-6 fatty acids (g) 0.153 0.016b 0.448 0.194 0.046 0.397
 Carbohydrates (%energy) 0.331 −0.083 0.008b 0.416 0.037 −0.047
 Dietary fiber (g) 0.680 0.226 −0.008b 0.715 0.239 −0.013b
 Vitamin A (μgRAE) 0.393 0.141 0.026 0.417 0.149 0.015b
 Vitamin D (μg) 0.392 −0.072 −0.207 0.374 −0.053 −0.168
 Vitamin B1 (mg) 0.322 0.150 0.239 0.393 0.182 0.213
 VitaminB2 (mg) 0.449 0.165 −0.002b 0.475 0.195 −0.043
 Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.600 0.030 0.068 0.631 0.088 0.024
 Vitamin B12 (μg) 0.353 −0.074 −0.157 0.351 −0.051 −0.149
 Folate (μg) 0.678 0.097 −0.075 0.708 0.119 −0.105
 VitaminC (mg) 0.522 0.174 −0.154 0.552 0.180 −0.176
 Sodium (mg) 0.519 0.025 0.184 0.555 0.029 0.152
 Potassium (mg) 0.751 0.205 −0.020b 0.768 0.240 −0.057
 Calcium (mg) 0.514 0.307 −0.107 0.531 0.322 −0.120
 Iron (mg) 0.692 0.018b 0.038 0.708 0.044 0.009b
  1. aSpearman’s correrlation analysis
  2. bnot significant