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Table 5 Biochemical and morbidity correlates of individual polyunsaturated fatty acid in 1572 children with moderate acute malnutrition

From: Correlates of whole-blood polyunsaturated fatty acids among young children with moderate acute malnutrition

  n (%) n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids   Ratios
LA
18:2n-6
AA
20:4n-6
n-6 DPA
22:5n-6
ALA
18:3n-3
DHA
22:6n-3
Mead acid
20:3n-9
Mead acid/AA
20:3n-9/20:4n-6
n-6 DPA/DHA
22:5n-6/22:6n-3
Hemoglobin
 g/dl 1572 (100) −0.22 (-0.29; -0.15)** 0.39 (0.35; 0.44)** 0.02 (0.01 ; 0.02)** −0.02 (-0.02; -0.01)** 0.11 (0.10; 0.13)** 0.000 (-0.001; 0.001) −0.001 (-0.001; -0.001)** −0.004 (-0.008;-0.001)**
 ≥11 472 (30.0) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 <11 1100 (70.0) 0.73 (0.49; 0.98)** −0.77 (-0.93; -0.61)** −0.03 (-0.05; -0.02)** 0.03 (0.02; 0.04)** −0.27 (-0.33; -0.21)** −0.001 (-0.004; 0.002) 0.001 (0.007; 0.002)** 0.02 (0.01; 0.03)**
CRP
 <10mg/L 1166 (75.7) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 ≥10mg/L 375 (24.3) −0.04 (-0.30 ; 0.23) −0.91 (-1.10; -0.74)** −0.05 (-0.06 ; -0.03)** 0.04 (0.02; 0.05)** −0.23 (-0.30; -0.17)** −0.005 (-0.008; -0.002)** 0.001 (0.000; 0.001)** 0.01 (-0.00; 0.16)
AGP
 <1g/L 516 (33.5) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 ≥1g/L 1025 (66.5) 0.01 (-0.22; 0.25) −0.60 (-0.76; -0.43)** −0.02 (-0.04 ; -0.12)** 0.02 (0.01; 0.03)** −0.10 (-0.15; -0.04)* 0.001 (-0.001; 0.004) 0.001 (0.001; 0.002)** 0.00 (-0.01; 0.10)
Diarrhea
 No 1489 (94.7) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 83 (5.3) −0.64 (-1.14; -0.14)* 0.20 (-0.13; 0.55) 0.02 (-0.01; 0.05) −0.02 (-0.04; 0.00) 0.16 (0.05; 0.28)** −0.004 (-0.010; 0.001) −0.001 (-0.002; 0.000) −0.02 (-0.04; 0.00)
Fever
 No 1295 (82.5) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 275 (17.5) −0.52 (-0.82; -0.23)** −0.29 (-0.49; -0.09)** −0.01 (-0.02; 0.005) 0.01 (-0.00; 0.02) −0.10 (-0.17; -0.03)** −0.005 (-0.009; -0.002)** −0.000 (-0.001; 0.000) 0.01 (-0.00; 0.02)
Malaria
 No 936 (59.8) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 629 (40.2) 0.20 (-0.02; 0.43) −1.06 (-1.20; -0.91)** −0.02 (-0.04; -0.01)** 0.05 (0.04; 0.05)* −0.30 (-0.35; -0.25)** 0.002 (-0.001; 0.004) 0.002 (0.001; 0.003)** 0.02 (0.01; 0.03)**
  1. Data are given as regression coefficients (95% confidence interval) in weight percent of total whole blood fatty acids concentration after adjustment for age and sex. Abbreviations: LA Linoleic acid, AA Arachidonic acid, n-6DPA n-6 Docosapentaenoic acid, ALA α-Linolenic acid, DHA Docosahexaenoic acid, ref reference group. Numbers in categories may not sum up to 1572 due to missing data, e.g. data on CRP and AGP were available for 1541 children, on fever from 1570, on malaria from 1565. *p<0.05; **p<0.01