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Table 4 Correlations between individual whole blood polyunsaturated fatty acid and dietary intake of various food componentes based on a 24-hour recall in 1572 children with moderate acute malnutrition

From: Correlates of whole-blood polyunsaturated fatty acids among young children with moderate acute malnutrition

  n (%) n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids   Ratios
LA
18:2n-6
AA
20:4n-6
n-6 DPA
22:5n-6
ALA
18:3n-3
DHA
22:6n-3
Mead acid
20:3n-9
Mead acid/AA
20:3n-9/20:4n-6
n-6 DPA/DHA
22:5n-6/22:6n-3
Grains, roots, and tubers group
 No 231 (14.8) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 1335 (85.2) −0.05 (-0.38 ; 0.27) 0.01 (-0.21 ; 0.22) 0.006 (-0.01 ; 0.02) −0.01 (-0.02; 0.01) 0.03 (-0.04 ; 0.10) 0.001 (-0.003; 0.004) 0.000 (-0.001; 0.001) −0.00 (-0.01; 0.01)
Legumes and nuts group
 No 1335 (84.9) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 237 (15.1) 0.07 (-0.24 ; 0.38) −0.38 (-0.59 ; -0.16) * −0.03 (-0.04 ; -0.01) ** 0.02 (0.00; 0.03)* −0.05 (-0.13 ; 0.01) −0.000 (-0.004; 0.003) 0.001 (0.000; 0.001)* −0.01 (-0.02; 0.01)
Oils and fats group
 No 1286 (81.9) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 285 (18.1) −0.01 (-0.31 ; -0.28) −0.32 (-0.52 ; -0.12)** −0.04 (-0.05 ; -0.02)** −0.02 (-0.01; 0.01) 0.08 (0.09 ; 0.15)* 0.001 (-0.002; 0.004) 0.001 (0.000; 0.002)** −0.03 (-0.04; -0.01)**
Dairy group
 No 1512 (96.2) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 60 (3.8) −0.41 (-0.99 ; 0.17) 0.002 (-0.39 ; 0.39) 0.02 (-0.01 ; 0.05) 0.01 (-0.02; 0.03) 0.01 (-0.12 ; 0.15) 0.008 (0.002; 0.010)* 0.001 (-0.000; 0.020) 0.01 (-0.01; 0.04)
Flesh foods group
 No 1464 (93.2) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 107 (6.8) −0.24 (-0.69 ; 0.20) −0.18 (-0.49 ; 0.11) −0.03 (-0.06 ; -0.01)* −0.01 (-0.03; 0.00) 0.23 (0.12 ; 0.33)** −0.003 (-0.008; 0.002) −0.000 (-0.001; 0.006) −0.04 (-0.05; -0.02)*
Eggs group
 No 1561 (99.6) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 6 (0.4) −1.11 (-2.93; 0.70) −0.96 (-2.19; 0.26) −0.02 (-0.12; 0.08) 0.04 (-0.03; 0.12) −0.04 (-0.47; 0.37) −0.004 (-0.020; 0.010) 0.001 (-0.003; 0.005) −0.01 (-0.08; 0.07)
Vitamin A-rich fruits and vegetables group
 No 1116 (71.1) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 454 (28.9) 0.15 (-0.1; 0.40) −0.24 (-0.41; -0.07)* −0.02 (-0.03; -0.00)** 0.01 (-0.00; 0.02) 0.01 (-0.05; 0.07) −0.000 (-0.003; 0.002) 0.000 (-0.000; 0.001) −0.01 (-0.02; 0.00)
Others fruits and vegetables group
 No 715 (45.5) Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 857 (54.5) −0.06 (-0.29; 0.17) 0.10 (-0.05; 0.26) 0.12 (-0.00; 0.02) −0.01 (-0.02; -0.00)* 0.03 (-0.02; 0.09) 0.001 (-0.001; 0.004) 0.000 (-0.000; 0.001) −0.00 (-0.01; 0.01)
Breastfeeding
 No 82 (5.2) Ref Ref Ref   Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 1488 (94.8) 1.17 (0.64; 1.70)** 0.75 (0.39; 1.11)** 0.00 (-0.02; 0.03) −0.01 (-0.03; 0.01) 0.13 (0.01; 0.25)* −0.020 (-0.030;-0.020)** −0.005 (-0.006;-0.004)** −0.04 (-0.06; -0.01)**
  1. Data are given as regression coefficients (95% confidence interval) in weight percent of total whole blood fatty acid concentration after adjustment for age and sex. Abbreviations: LA Linoleic acid, AA Arachidonic acid, n-6DPA n-6 Docosapentaenoic acid, ALA α-Linolenic acid, DHA Docosahexaenoic acid, ref reference group. Numbers in categories may not sum up to 1572 due to missing data. Data on intake of grains, roots, and tubers group were available for 1566 children, on intake of flesh foods from 1571, eggs from 1567, on vitamin A-rich fruits and vegetables and breastfeeding from 1570. *p<0.05; **p<0.01