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Table 3 Whole blood fatty acids composition by recruitment criteria in 1572 children with moderate acute malnutrition

From: Correlates of whole-blood polyunsaturated fatty acids among young children with moderate acute malnutrition

  MUAC
(n= 457)
MUAC and WHZ
(n= 786)
WHZ
(n= 329)
Median age (IQR)
9.6 (7.3; 13.6)
Median age (IQR)
11.6 (8.4; 16.4)
Median age (IQR)
13.3 (9.9; 17.8)
Mean FA (±SD) Mean FA (±SD) Mean FA (±SD)
Saturated fatty acid   45.35 (±3.38) 45.29 (±2.82) 45.24 (±2.82)
Monounsaturated fatty acid   22.77 (±3.53) 22.57 (±3.34) 22.29 (±3.31)
Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)   28.40 (±2.69) 28.54 (±2.78) 28.68 (±2.92)
 n-6 PUFA   25.91 (±2.53) 25.99 (±2.67) 26.11 (±2.77)
  Linoleic acid (LA) 18:2n-6 16.37 (±2.16) 16.15 (±2.31) 16.22 (±2.29)
  Dihomo-y-linolenic acid 20:3n-6 0.87 (±0.21) 0.85 (±0.21) 0.85 (±0.21)
  Arachidonic acid (AA) 20:4n-6 6.88 (±1.53)1,2 7.15 (±1.53) 7.19 (±1.54)
  Adrenic Acid 22:4n-6 0.92 (±0.26)2 0.96 (±0.27) 0.97 (±0.27)
  n-6 Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) 22:5n-6 0.37 (±0.13) 0.39 (±0.13) 0.38 (±0.13)
 n-3 PUFA   2.42 (±0.64) 2.50 (±0.68) 2.51 (±0.62)
  α-Linolenic acid (ALA) 18:3n-3 0.22 (±0.09)2 0.22 (±0.09) 0.20 (±0.09)
  Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)a 20:5n-3 0.12 (0.09; 0.18)2 0.13 (0.10; 0.18) 0.14 (0.10; 0.20)
  n-3 Docosapentaenoic acid 22:5n-3 0.43 (±0.12) 0..45 (±0.13) 0.44 (±0.12)
  Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) 22:6n-3 1.60 (±0.52) 1.65 (±0.54) 1.67 (±0.53)
 Mead acid 20:3n-9 0.07 (±0.03) 0.07 (±0.03) 0.07 (±0.02)
Mead acid:AA 20:3n-9/20:4n-6 0.01 (±0.01) 0.01 (±0.00) 0.01 (±0.01)
n-6 DPA:DHA 22:5n-6/22:6n-3 0.25 (±0.10) 0.25 (±0.10) 0.24 (±0.09)
n-6 PUFA:n-3 PUFA   11.40 (2.91) 11.10 (2.86) 11.00 (2.77)
  1. Data are given as mean (±standard deviation, SD) weight percent of total whole blood fatty acids, if not otherwise indicated. p-value for difference between admission groups are based on ANOVA test with Bonferroni adjustment. Abbreviations: WHZ weigh-for-height z-score, MUAC mid-upper arm circumference
  2. 1 p <0.05 between MUAC and, MUAC and WHZ, and 2 p <0.05 between MUAC and WHZ
  3. aMedian (interquartile range: 25th; 75th percentile) and ANOVA test on log value