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Table 1 Change in Healthy Eating Index-2010 scoresa during combat deployment among elite U.S. Army Special Operations soldiers (mean ± SD)

From: Effects of deployment on diet quality and nutritional status markers of elite U.S. Army special operations forces soldiers

  n = 33
Max Score Baseline Deployed Change P
Total Vegetables 5 4.4 ± 0.7 4.3 ± 1.0 −0.1 ± 0.8 0.49
Greens and Beansb 5 4.6 ± 0.8 4.0 ± 1.5 −0.6 ± 1.7 0.06
Total Fruitc 5 4.4 ± 1.1 3.7 ± 1.5 −0.7 ± 1.4 <0.01
Whole Fruitd 5 4.6 ± 1.0 4.2 ± 1.4 −0.4 ± 1.2 0.05
Whole Grains 10 3.4 ± 2.7 3.8 ± 2.7 0.4 ± 2.2 0.29
Dairy 10 6.2 ± 2.7 4.8 ± 2.4 −1.4 ± 2.5 <0.01
Total Protein Foods 5 5.0 ± 0.2 4.9 ± 0.4 0.0 ± 0.4 0.68
Seafood and Plant Proteine 5 4.2 ± 1.0 3.8 ± 1.5 −0.4 ± 1.5 0.15
Fatty Acid Ratiof 10 6.5 ± 2.4 5.9 ± 2.9 −0.6 ± 3.1 0.27
Sodium 10 3.2 ± 2.2 2.7 ± 2.7 −0.4 ± 2.8 0.38
Refined Grains 10 9.6 ± 0.9 9.7 ± 0.9 0.0 ± 1.2 0.85
Empty Caloriesg 20 14.3 ± 3.2 11.1 ± 4.5 −3.2 ± 4.0 <0.01
Total Score 100 70.3 ± 9.1 62.9 ± 11.1 −7.4 ± 8.5 <0.01
  1. aScores calculated according to maximum (max) and minimum (min) score standards9
  2. bIncludes dark green vegetables, as well as beans and peas not included in total protein foods
  3. cIncludes fruit juice
  4. dExcludes fruit juice
  5. eIncludes seafood, nuts, seeds, soy (other than beverages), and beans and peas not counted in total protein foods
  6. fPolyunsaturated + monounsaturated / saturated fatty acids
  7. gPercent of calories from solid fats, added sugars, and excess alcohol